en.m.wikipedia.org
Voiced bilabial nasal
"Bilabial nasal" redirects here. For the voiceless consonant, see Voiceless bilabial nasal.
The voiced bilabial nasal is a type of consonantal sound used in almost all spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨m⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is m. The bilabial nasal occurs in English, and it is the sound represented by "m" in map and rum.
Voiced bilabial nasal
m
IPA Number114
Encoding
Entity (decimal)m
Unicode (hex)U+006D
X-SAMPAm
Braille
Audio sample
It occurs nearly universally, and few languages (e.g. Mohawk) are known to lack this sound.
Features
Features of the voiced bilabial nasal:
Occurrence
LanguageWordIPAMeaningNotes
Adygheмазэ/māză[maːza]'moon'
ArabicStandard[1]مطابخ/maṭābiḫ[maˈtˤaːbɪχ]'kitchens'See Arabic phonology
ArmenianEastern[2]մայր/mayr[mɑjɾ] (help·info)'mother'
Assyrianܡܪܐ mara[maːra]'owner'
Basque
maitatu
[majt̪at̪u]'to love'
Bengaliমা/ma[ma]'mother'See Bengali phonology
Bulgarianмъгла/măgla[mɐɡla]'fog'
Catalan[3]
mare
[ˈmaɾə]'mother'See Catalan phonology
Cherokee/ama[ama˦]'water'
ChineseCantonese / māau[maːu̯˥]'cat'See Cantonese phonology
Mandarin / māo[mɑʊ̯˥]See Mandarin phonology
Chuvashманăн/manănmanɑ̆n'my'
Czech
m
[mʊʃ]'man'See Czech phonology
Dutch[4]
mond
[mɔnt]'mouth'See Dutch phonology
English
him
[hɪm]'him'See English phonology
Esperanto
tempo
[ˈtempo]'time'See Esperanto phonology
Filipino
manok
[maˈnok]'rooster'See Filipino phonology
Finnish
minä
[ˈminæ]'I'See Finnish phonology
French[5]
manger
[mɑ̃ʒe]'to eat'See French phonology
Georgian[6]სა/sami[ˈsɑmi]'three'
German
Maus
[maʊ̯s]'mouse'See Standard German phonology
Greek[7]μάζα / maza[ˈmaza]'clump'See Modern Greek phonology
Gujaratiમો / mōr[moːɾ]'male peacock'See Gujarati phonology
Hawaiian[8]
maka
[maka]'eye'See Hawaiian phonology
Hindiधु/madhū[məd̪ʱuː]'honey'See Hindi-Urdu phonology
Hebrewאמא/ima[ˈʔimäʔ]'mother'See Modern Hebrew phonology
Hungarian
ma
[mɒ]'today'See Hungarian phonology
Indonesian[9]masuk[ˈmäsʊʔ]'enter'
Italian[10]
mamma
[ˈmamma]'mommy'See Italian phonology
Japanese[11]乾杯 / kampai[kampai]'cheers'See Japanese phonology
Kabardianмазэ/mazè[maːza]'moon'
Kagayanen[12]manang[manaŋ]'older sister'
Korean마을 / maeul[ma̠ɯɭ]'village'See Korean phonology
Lithuanianmama[ˈmɐmɐ]'mom'
Macedonianмајка/majka[ˈmajka]'mother'See Macedonian phonology
Malay
malam
[mäläm]'night'
Malayalam[13]കമ്മി/kammi[kəmmi]'shortage'
Malteseilma[ilma]'water'
Marathi/man[mən]'mind'See Marathi phonology
Mutsunmuruṭ[muɾuʈ]'night'
Nepaliमा/āmā[ämä]'mother'See Nepali phonology
Norwegian
mamma
[ˈmɑmːɑ]'mom'See Norwegian phonology
Ojibwe/anaamim[ənaːˈmɪm]'accuse'See Ojibwe phonology
Odiaମା/mä[mä]'mother'
Persianمادر/mâdar[mɒdær]'mother'See Persian phonology
Pirahãbaíxi[ˈmàí̯ʔì]'parent'allophone of /b/
Polish[14]
masa
[ˈmäsä] (help·info)'mass'See Polish phonology
Portuguese[15]
mato
[ˈmatu]'bush'See Portuguese phonology
Punjabiਮੈਂ/mēm̐[mɛ̃ː]'I'
Russian[16]муж/muzh[muʂ] (help·info)'husband'Contrasts with palatalized version. See Russian phonology
Serbo-Croatian[17]мој / moj[mȏːj]'my'See Serbo-Croatian phonology
Slovak
m
[mu̞ʃ]'man'
Slovene
m
[míʃ]'mouse'
Spanish[18]
grumete
[ɡɾuˈme̞te̞]'cabin boy'See Spanish phonology
Swahili
miti
[ˈmiti]'trees'
Swedish
mask
[mask]'worm'See Swedish phonology
Thaiมม / mommaem[mɔːm.mɛːm]'shabby'See Thai phonology
Toki Ponamani[mani]'money'
Tsezмец/mec[mɛ̝t͡s]'tongue'
Turkish
benim
[be̞nim]'mine'See Turkish phonology
Ukrainian[19]молоко/moloko[mɔɫɔˈkɔ]'milk'See Ukrainian phonology
Urduمکان‎/makān[məkaːn]'house'See Hindi-Urdu phonology
Uyghurمهن/men[mæn]'I'
Vietnamese[20]
muối
[mwojˀ˧˥]'salt'See Vietnamese phonology
Welsh
mam
[mam]'mother'See Welsh phonology
West Frisianmar[mar]'lake'See West Frisian phonology
Yi / ma[ma˧]'bamboo'
ZapotecTilquiapan[21]man[maŋ]'animal'
See also
List of phonetics topics
Notes
  1. ^ Thelwall (1990:37)
  2. ^ Dum-Tragut (2009:19)
  3. ^ Carbonell & Llisterri (1992:53)
  4. ^ Gussenhoven (1992:45)
  5. ^ Fougeron & Smith (1993:73)
  6. ^ Shosted & Chikovani (2006:255)
  7. ^ Newton (1972:10)
  8. ^ Ladefoged (2005:139)
  9. ^ Soderberg & Olson (2008:210)
  10. ^ Rogers & d'Arcangeli (2004:117)
  11. ^ Okada (1999:117)
  12. ^ Olson et al. (2010:206–207)
  13. ^ Ladefoged (2005:165)
  14. ^ Jassem (2003:103)
  15. ^ Cruz-Ferreira (1995:91)
  16. ^ Padgett (2003:42)
  17. ^ Landau et al. (1999), p. 67.
  18. ^ Martínez-Celdrán, Fernández-Planas & Carrera-Sabaté (2003:255)
  19. ^ Danyenko & Vakulenko (1995), p. 4.
  20. ^ Thompson (1959:458–461)
  21. ^ Merrill (2008:108)
References
External links
List of languages with [m] on PHOIBLE
Last edited on 6 May 2021, at 19:01
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted.
Privacy policy
Terms of Use
Desktop
HomeRandomNearbyLog inSettingsDonateAbout WikipediaDisclaimers
LanguageWatchEdit