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Voiced bilabial plosive
The voiced bilabial plosive or stop is a type of consonantal sound used in many spokenlanguages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨b⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is b. The voiced bilabial stop occurs in English, and it is the sound denoted by the letter ⟨b⟩ in obey[obeɪ] (obeI).
Voiced bilabial plosive
b
IPA Number102
Encoding
Entity (decimal)b
Unicode (hex)U+0062
X-SAMPAb
Braille
Audio sample
Features
Features of the voiced bilabial stop:
Varieties
IPADescription
bplain b
labialised
b̜ʷsemi-labialised
b̹ʷstrongly labialised
palatalised
breathy voiced
velarised
Occurrence
LanguageWordIPAMeaningNotes
Adygheбгъу/bġ°[bʁʷə] (help·info)'nine'
ArabicStandard[1]باب‎/baab/bāb[baːb]'door'See Arabic phonology
Assyrianܒܒܐ baba[baːba]'father'
ArmenianEastern[2]բարի/bari[bɑˈɾi] (help·info)'kind'
Basque
bero
[beɾo]'hot'
Bengaliলো/balo[bɔlo]'say!'Contrasts with aspirated form. See Bengali phonology
Catalan[3]
bèstia
[ˈbɛstiə]'beast'See Catalan phonology
ChineseSouthern Min/ ban[ban]'Fujian province'Only in colloquial speech.
Wu/ bi[bi]'skin'
Xiang/ baw[bau]'to float'
Czech
bota
[ˈbota]'boot'See Czech phonology
Dutch[4]
boer
[buːr]'farmer'See Dutch phonology
English
aback
[əˈbæk]'aback'See English phonology
Esperanto
batalo
[baˈtalo]'war'See Esperanto phonology
Filipino
buto
[buto]'bone'
French[5]
boue
[bu]'mud'See French phonology
Georgian[6]ავშვი/ bavšvi[ˈbavʃvi]'child'
German
aber
[ˈäːbɐ]'but'See Standard German phonology
Greekμπόχα / bócha[ˈbo̞xa]'reek'See Modern Greek phonology
Gujaratiક્રી/bakri[bəkri]'goat'See Gujarati phonology
Hebrewבית‎/báyit[bajit]'house'See Modern Hebrew phonology
Hindiबाल / bāl[bäːl]'hair'Contrasts with aspirated version ⟨भ⟩. See Hindi-Urdu phonology
Hungarian
baba
[ˈbɒbɒ]'baby'See Hungarian phonology
Italian[7]
bile
[ˈbile]'rage'See Italian phonology
Japanese[8] / ban[baɴ]'(one's) turn'See Japanese phonology
Kabardianбгъуы/bg"uy[bʁʷə] (help·info)'nine'
Korean지붕 / jibung[t͡ɕibuŋ]'roof'See Korean phonology
KurdishNorthern
bav
[bɑːv]'father'See Kurdish phonology
Centralباوک/bâwk[bɑːwk]
Southernباوگ/bâwig[bɑːwɨg]
Luxembourgish[9]geblosen[ɡ̊əˈbloːzən]'blown'More often voiceless [p].[9] See Luxembourgish phonology
Macedonianубав/ubav[ˈubav]'beautiful'See Macedonian phonology
Malay
baru
[bäru]'new'
Maltese
għatba
[aːtˈba]'threshold'
Marathiटाटा / baṭāṭā[bəˈʈaːʈaː]'potato'See Marathi phonology
Nepaliबाटो / bāṭo[bäʈo]'path'See Nepali phonology
Norwegian
bål
[ˈbɔːl]'bonfire'See Norwegian phonology
Odiaବା/barô[bärɔ]'twelve'Contrasts with aspirated form.
Persianخوب‎/ xub[xub]'good'See Persian phonology
Pirahãpibaóí[ˈpìbàóí̯]'parent'
Polish[10]
bas
[bäs] (help·info)'bass'See Polish phonology
Portuguese[11]
bato
[ˈbatʊ]'I strike'See Portuguese phonology
Punjabiਬਿੱਲੀ/billī[bɪlːi]'cat'
Romanian[12]
bou
[bow]'bull'See Romanian phonology.
Russian[13]рыба/ryba[ˈrɨbə]'fish'Contrasts with palatalized form. See Russian phonology
Serbo-Croatian[14]биће / biće[bǐːt͡ɕě]'creature'See Serbo-Croatian phonology
Slovak
b
[bi̞c̟]'to be'
Spanish[15]
invertir
[ĩmbe̞ɾˈt̪iɾ]'to invest'See Spanish phonology
Swedish
bra
[ˈbɾɑː]'good'May be an approximant in casual speech. See Swedish phonology
Thaiัด/bam-bàt[bam.bat̚]'therapy'See Thai phonology
Turkish
bulut
[ˈbuɫut̪]'cloud'See Turkish phonology
Tyapbai[bai]'to come'
Ukrainian[16]брат / brat[brɑt̪]'brother'See Ukrainian phonology
Urduبال‎/bāl[bɑːl]'hair'Contrasts with aspirated version(بھ). See Hindi-Urdu phonology
Welshmab[mɑːb]'son'See Welsh phonology
West Frisianbak[bak]'tray'
Yi / bbo[bo˧]'mountain'
ZapotecTilquiapan[17]bald[bald]'few'
See also
Notes
  1. ^ Thelwall (1990:37)
  2. ^ Dum-Tragut (2009:13)
  3. ^ Carbonell & Llisterri (1992:53)
  4. ^ Gussenhoven (1992:45)
  5. ^ Fougeron & Smith (1993:73)
  6. ^ Shosted & Chikovani (2006:255)
  7. ^ Rogers & d'Arcangeli (2004:117)
  8. ^ Okada (1999:117)
  9. ^ a b Gilles & Trouvain (2013), pp. 67–68.
  10. ^ Jassem (2003:103)
  11. ^ Cruz-Ferreira (1995:91)
  12. ^ DEX Online : [1]
  13. ^ Padgett (2003:42)
  14. ^ Landau et al. (1999), p. 66.
  15. ^ Martínez-Celdrán, Fernández-Planas & Carrera-Sabaté (2003:255)
  16. ^ Danyenko & Vakulenko (1995), p. 4.
  17. ^ Merrill (2008:108)
References
External links
List of languages with [b] on PHOIBLE
Last edited on 5 May 2021, at 16:37
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