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Voiced palatal affricate
The voiced palatal affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spokenlanguages. The symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represent this sound are ⟨ɟ͡ʝ⟩ and ⟨ɟ͜ʝ⟩, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is J\_j\. The tie bar may be omitted, yielding ⟨ɟʝ⟩ in the IPA and J\j\ in X-SAMPA.
Voiced palatal affricate
ɟʝ
IPA Number108 (139)
Encoding
Entity (decimal)ɟ​͡​ʝ
Unicode (hex)U+025F U+0361 U+029D
X-SAMPAJ\_j\
Audio sample
This sound is the non-sibilant equivalent of the voiced alveolo-palatal affricate.
It occurs in such languages as Hungarian and Skolt Sami, among others. The voiced palatal affricate is quite rare; it is mostly absent from Europe as a phoneme (it occurs as an allophone in most Spanish dialects), with the aforementioned Uralic languages and Albanian being exceptions. It usually occurs with its voiceless counterpart, the voiceless palatal affricate.
Features
Features of the voiced palatal affricate:
Occurrence
LanguageWordIPAMeaningNotes
AlbanianVarious dialects[1]
gjë
[ɟ͡ʝə]'thing'
AsturianWestern dialects [es][2]muyyer[muˈɟ͡ʝeɾ]'woman'Alternate evolution of -lj-, -c'l-, pl-, cl- and fl- in the Brañas Vaqueiras area of Western Asturias. May be also realized as [c] or [c͡ç]
Hungarian
gyár
[ɟ͡ʝaːr]'factory'See Hungarian phonology
NorwegianCentral and Western dialects[3]
leggja
[leɟ͡ja]'lay'See Norwegian phonology
Skolt Samivuõˊlǧǧem[vʲuɘlɟ͡ʝːɛm]'I leave'
SpanishCastilian[4]
yate
[ˈɟ͡jate̞]'yacht'Occurs only in the onset. In free variation with the fricative/approximant /ʝ/ elsewhere. See Spanish phonology
See also
Index of phonetics articles
Notes
  1. ^ Palatal controversies Péter Siptár(2013)
  2. ^ "Tinéu. Mapa del conceyu | El Teixu" (in Asturian). Retrieved 2019-11-24.
  3. ^ Skjekkeland (1997:96–100)
  4. ^ Martínez-Celdrán, Fernández-Planas & Carrera-Sabaté (2003:258)
References
External links
List of languages with [ɟʝ] on PHOIBLE
Last edited on 17 March 2021, at 13:25
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