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Voiceless labiodental fricative
The voiceless labiodental fricative is a type of consonantal sound used in a number of spokenlanguages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨f⟩.
Voiceless labiodental fricative
f
IPA Number128
Encoding
Entity (decimal)f
Unicode (hex)U+0066
X-SAMPAf
Braille
Audio sample
Voiceless labiodental approximant
ʋ̥
IPA Number150 402A
Encoding
X-SAMPAP_0
Some scholars also posit the voiceless labiodental approximant distinct from the fricative. The approximant may be represented in the IPA as ⟨ʋ̥⟩. The distinction is not recognized by the International Phonetic Association.
Features
Features of the voiceless labiodental fricative:
Occurrence
LanguageWordIPAMeaningNotes
Abkhazфы/fy[fə]'lightning'See Abkhaz phonology
Adygheтфы/tfy[tfə] (help·info)'five'Corresponds to [xʷ] in Kabardian and Proto-Circassian
Albanian
faqe
[facɛ]'cheek'
ArabicModern Standard[1]ظرف‎/th'arf[ðˤɑrf]'envelope'See Arabic phonology
ArmenianEastern[2]ֆուտբոլ/futbol[fut̪bol] (help·info)'football'
Assyrianܦܬܐ pata[fɔθɔ]'face'Used mostly by Western speakers; corresponds to /p/ in most other dialects.
Assameseবৰ/borof[bɔɹɔf]'snow/ice'
Azerifəng[t̪y̆fæɲɟ]'ɡun'
Basque
fin
[fin]'thin'
Bengaliফু/ful[ful]'flower'Allophone of /pʰ/. See Bengali phonology
Catalan[3]
fase
[ˈfazə]'phase'See Catalan phonology
Chechenфакс / faks[faks]'fax'
ChineseCantonese / fēi[fei̯˥]'to fly'See Cantonese phonology
Mandarin (traditional) / (simplified) / fēi[feɪ̯˥]See Mandarin phonology
Copticϥⲧⲟⲟⲩ/ftoow[ftow]'four'
Czech
foukat
[ˈfoʊ̯kat]'to blow'See Czech phonology
Dutch[4]
fiets
[fits]'bike'See Dutch phonology
EnglishAll dialects
fill
[fɪɫ]'fill'See English phonology
Cockney[5]
think
[fɪŋk]'think'Socially marked,[6] with speakers exhibiting some free variation with [θ] (with which it corresponds to in other dialects).[7] See th-fronting.
Many British urban dialects[8]
Some younger New Zealanders[9][10]
Broad South African[11]More common word-finally.
Indian South African[12]
fair
[ʋ̥eː]'fair'Described as an approximant. Corresponds to /f/ in other accents.
Esperanto
fajro
[ˈfajɾo]'fire'See Esperanto phonology
Ewe[13]
eflen
[éflé̃]'he spit off'
French[14]
fabuleuse
[fäbyˈløːz̪]'fabulous'See French phonology
Galicianfaísca[faˈiska]'spark'See Galician phonology
German
fade
[ˈfaːdə]'bland'See Standard German phonology
Goemaif'at'[fat]'to blow'
Greekφύση / fysī[ˈfisi]'nature'See Modern Greek phonology
Gujarati / faļ[fəɭ]'fruit'See Gujarati phonology
Hebrewסופר‎/sofer[so̞fe̞ʁ]'writer'See Modern Hebrew phonology
Hindustaniसाफ़ / صاف‎/saaf[sɑːf]'clean'See Hindustani phonology
Hungarian
figyel
[ˈfiɟɛl]'he/she pays attention'See Hungarian phonology
Indonesian
vandalisme
[fandalismə]'vandalism'See Indonesian phonology
Italian
fantasma
[fän̪ˈt̪äzmä]'ghost'See Italian phonology
Kabardianфыз/fyz[fəz]'woman'Corresponds to [ʂʷ] in Adyghe and Proto-Circassian
Kabyle
afus
[afus]'hand'
Macedonianфонетика/fonetika[fɔnetika]'phonetics'See Macedonian phonology
Malay
feri
[feri]'ferry'Only occurs in loanwords
Maltese
fenek
[fenek]'rabbit'
Norwegian
filter
[filtɛɾ]'filter'See Norwegian phonology
Persianفکر/fekr[fekr]'thought'
Polish[15]
futro
[ˈfut̪rɔ] (help·info)'fur'See Polish phonology
Portuguese[16]
fala
[ˈfalɐ]'speech'See Portuguese phonology
Punjabiਫ਼ੌਜੀ/faujī[fɔːd͡ʒi]'soldier'
Romanian[17]
foc
[fo̞k]'fire'See Romanian phonology
Russian[18]ор​ф​огра​ф​ия​/orfografiya[ɐrfɐˈɡrafʲɪjə]'orthography'Contrasts with palatalized form. See Russian phonology
Serbo-Croatian[19]фаза / faza[fǎːz̪ä]'phase'See Serbo-Croatian phonology
Slovak
fúkať
[ˈfu̞ːkäc̟]'to blow'See Slovak phonology
Somalifeex[fɛħ]'wart'See Somali phonology
Spanish[20]
fantasma
[fã̠n̪ˈt̪a̠zma̠]'ghost'See Spanish phonology
Swahilikufa[kufɑ]'to die'
Swedish
fisk
[ˈfɪsk]'fish'See Swedish phonology
Thai/fon[fon˩˩˦]'rain'
Turkish
saf
[säf]'pure'See Turkish phonology
Ukrainian[21]Фастів/fastiv[ˈfɑsʲtʲiw]'Fastiv'See Ukrainian phonology
Vietnamese[22]
pháo
[faːw˧ˀ˥]'firecracker'See Vietnamese phonology
Welsh
ffon
[fɔn]'stick'See Welsh phonology
West Frisianfol[foɫ]'full'See West Frisian phonology
Yi / fu[fu˧]'roast'
ZapotecTilquiapan[23]cafe[kafɘ]'coffee'Used primarily in loanwords from Spanish
See also
List of phonetics topics
Notes
  1. ^ Thelwall (1990:37)
  2. ^ Dum-Tragut (2009:18)
  3. ^ Carbonell & Llisterri (1992:53)
  4. ^ Gussenhoven (1992:45)
  5. ^ Wells (1982), p. 328.
  6. ^ Altendorf (1999), p. 7.
  7. ^ Clark & Trousdale (2010), p. 309.
  8. ^ Britain (2005), p. 1005.
  9. ^ Wood (2003), p. 50.
  10. ^ Gordon & Maclagan (2008), p. 74.
  11. ^ Bowerman (2004), p. 939.
  12. ^ Mesthrie (2004), p. 960.
  13. ^ Ladefoged (2005:156)
  14. ^ Fougeron & Smith (1993:73)
  15. ^ Jassem (2003:103)
  16. ^ Cruz-Ferreira (1995:91)
  17. ^ DEX Online : [1]
  18. ^ Padgett (2003:42)
  19. ^ Landau et al. (1999), p. 67.
  20. ^ Martínez-Celdrán, Fernández-Planas & Carrera-Sabaté (2003:255)
  21. ^ Danyenko & Vakulenko (1995), p. 4.
  22. ^ Thompson (1959:458–461)
  23. ^ Merrill (2008:109)
References
External links
List of languages with [f] on PHOIBLE
Last edited on 6 May 2021, at 11:33
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