The fauna of Nicaragua
is characterized by a very high level of biodiversity
. Much of Nicaragua
's wildlife lives in protected areas
. There are currently 78 protected areas in Nicaragua, covering more than 22,000 square kilometers (8,500 sq mi), or about 17% of its landmass.
The barranquero (Lesson's motmot
, Mamota lessonii
) is the national bird of Nicaragua.
Many of Nicaragua's birds are brilliantly colored, including various species of parrots
, and hummingbirds
is the national bird
of Nicaragua. Natural range for the scarlet macaw has been vastly reduced by the pet trade. Most of the Pacific region of Nicaragua no longer is inhabited by the species.
The bull shark
is a species of shark that can survive for an extended period of time in fresh water. It can be found in Lake Nicaragua
and the San Juan River
, where it is often referred to as the "Nicaragua shark".
Nicaragua has recently banned freshwater fishing of the Nicaragua shark and the sawfish
in response to the declining populations of these animals.
The Midas cichlid
, native to the San Juan River basin in Nicaragua and Costar Rica, is now recognized as a species complex with dozens of species, most or all of them inhabiting extremely reduced ranges.
Five species from a Lake Apoyo, a volcanic crater lake, have been described recently.
There are currently 78 protected areas in Nicaragua, covering more than 22,000 square kilometers (8,500 sq mi), or about 17% of its landmass. These include wildlife refuges
and nature reserves
that shelter a wide range of ecosystems
. There are more than 1,400 animal species classified thus far in Nicaragua. Some 12,000 species of plants have been classified
thus far in Nicaragua, with an estimated 5,000 species not yet classified.
- ^ Cuarón, A.D.; Morales, A.; Shedden, A.; Rodriguez-Luna, E. & de Grammont, P.C. (2008). "Ateles geoffroyi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008. Retrieved 7 October 2008. Database entry includes justification for why this species is endangered
- ^ Nicaragua.com - Wildlife - Nicaragua
- ^ "Conserving Nicaragua's marine turtles". Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved 2011-01-23.
- ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-10-18. Retrieved 2007-02-24.
- ^ "The Nature Conservancy in Nicaragua - Nicaragua Nature - Nicaragua Conservation - Nicaragua Environment - Nature and Conservation". Archived from the original on 2007-04-05. Retrieved 2007-02-24.
- ^ UnderwaterTimes|Nicaragua bans freshwater shark fishing amid dwindling population numbers
- ^ Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution|Not a Simple Case - A First Comprehensive Phylogenetic Hypothesis for the Midas Cichlid Species Complex in Nicaragua (Teleostei: Cichlidae: Amphilophus) Archived October 3, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- ^ Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington|Three new species of cichlid fishes (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from Lake Apoyo, Nicaragua
- ^ Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington|Description of two new species of the Midas cichlid complex (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from Lake Apoyo, Nicaragua
- ^ (in Spanish) Pérez A. M., Sotelo M., Arana I. & López A. (2008). "Diversidad de moluscos gasterópodos terrestres en la región del Pacífico de Nicaragua y sus preferencias de hábitat". Rev. Biol. Trop. 56(1): 317-332,. PDF
- ^ National Parks and Protected Areas of Nicaragua
Last edited on 14 April 2021, at 08:42
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0
unless otherwise noted.