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World Heritage Committee
The World Heritage Committee selects the sites to be listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the World Heritage List and the List of World Heritage in Danger, defines the use of the World Heritage Fund and allocates financial assistance upon requests from States Parties.[1] It comprises representatives from 21 state parties[2][1] that are elected by the General Assembly of States Parties for a four-year term.[3] These parties vote on decisions and proposals related to the World Heritage Convention and World Heritage List.
Logo of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee
According to the World Heritage Convention, a committee member's term of office is six years. However many State's Parties choose to voluntarily limit their term to four years, in order to give other States Parties an opportunity to serve.[3] All members elected at the 15th General Assembly (2005) voluntarily chose to reduce their term of office from six to four years.[3]
Deliberations of the World Heritage Committee are aided by three advisory bodies, the IUCN, ICOMOS and ICCROM.[4][5]
Sessions
See also: List of World Heritage Sites by year of inscription
The World Heritage Committee meets once a year for an ordinary session to discuss the management of existing World Heritage Sites, and accept nominations by countries.[3] Extraordinary meetings can be convened at the request of two-thirds of the state members.[6] Meetings are held within the territory of state members of the World Heritage Committee at their invitation. Rotation between regions and cultures is a consideration for selection and the location for the next session is chosen by the committee at the end of each session.[6]
Session[7]YearDateHost city
1197727 June–1 July
Paris
219785 September–8 SeptemberWashington, D.C.
3197922 October–26 October
Cairo & Luxor
419801 September–5 September
Paris
5198126 October–30 OctoberSydney
6198213 December–17 December
Paris
719835 December–9 December
Florence
8198429 October–2 NovemberBuenos Aires
919852 December–6 December
Paris
10198624 November–28 November
Paris
1119877 December–11 December
Paris
1219885 December–9 December
Brasília
13198911 December–15 December
Paris
1419907 December–12 DecemberBanff
1519919 December–13 December
Carthage
1619927 December–14 DecemberSanta Fe
1719936 December–11 December
Cartagena
18199412 December–17 December
Phuket
1919954 December–9 DecemberBerlin
2019962 December–7 DecemberMérida
2119971 December–6 December
Naples
22199830 November–5 December
Kyoto
23199929 November–4 December
Marrakech
24200027 November–2 DecemberCairns
25200111 December–16 DecemberHelsinki
26200224 June–29 JuneBudapest
27200330 June–5 July
Paris
28200428 June–7 July
Suzhou
29200510 July–17 July
Durban
3020068 July–16 JulyVilnius
31200723 June–1 JulyChristchurch
3220082 July–10 JulyQuebec City
33200922 June–30 June
Seville
34201025 July–3 August
Brasília
35201119 June–29 June
Paris
36201225 June–5 July
Saint Petersburg
37201317 June–27 June
Phnom Penh
38201415 June–25 JuneDoha
39201528 June–8 JulyBonn
40201610 July–20 July
Istanbul
4120172 July–12 JulyKraków
42201824 June–4 JulyManama
43201930 June–10 JulyBaku
442020Originally scheduled for 29 June–9 July.
Postponed to June–July 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[8]
Fuzhou
Bureau
At the end of each ordinary session, the committee elects a chairperson, five vice-chairpersons and a Rapporteur from those members whose term will continue through the next session.[6] These are known as the Bureau, and their representatives are responsible for coordinating the work of the World Heritage Committee, including fixing dates, hours and the order of business meetings.[1]
Voting
Each state member of the World Heritage Committee has one vote. Decisions require a simple majority with abstentions counted as not voting. Votes are delivered by a show of hands unless a secret ballot is requested by either the chairperson or two or more states members.[6]
Members
Current members of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee
Member state[9]Mandate
 Australia2017–2021
 Bahrain2017–2021
 Bosnia and Herzegovina2017–2021
 Brazil
2017–2021
 China
2017–2021
 Egypt
2019–2023
 Ethiopia2019–2023
 Guatemala2017–2021
 Hungary2017–2021
 Kyrgyzstan2017–2021
 Mali
2019–2023
 Nigeria2019–2023
 Norway
2017–2021
 Oman2019–2023
 Russia
2019–2023
 Saint Kitts and Nevis
2017–2021
 Saudi Arabia
2019–2023
 South Africa
2019–2023
 Spain
2017–2021
 Thailand
2019–2023
 Uganda
2017–2021
Total21
Criticism
Increasing politicization of World Heritage Committee decisions to the detriment of conservation aims has been alleged, particularly with regard to new nominations for the World Heritage List, but also with the consideration of sites for the List of World Heritage in Danger.[10][11] In 2010, states parties including Hungary, Switzerland and Zimbabwe submitted an official protest against such politicization.[5]
An external audit requested by the World Heritage Committee for its Global Strategy of the World Heritage List concluded in 2011 that political considerations were indeed influencing decisions.[5] It observed that the composition of committee representatives had shifted from experts to diplomats in spite of World Heritage Convention Article 9 and found that opinions from advisory bodies often diverged from World Heritage Committee decisions.[5]
In 2016, Israel recalled its UNESCO ambassador after the World Heritage Committee adopted a resolution in a secret ballot that referred to one of Jerusalem's holiest sites, the Temple Mount, only as a “Muslim holy site of worship,” not mentioning that Jews and Christians venerate the site.[12][13]
See also
Lists of World Heritage Sites
References
  1. ^ a b c UNESCO. "The World Heritage Committee". UNESCO. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  2. ^ According to the UNESCO World Heritage website, States Parties are countries that signed and ratified The World Heritage Convention. As of March 2013, there were a total of 170 State Parties.
  3. ^ a b c d "The World Heritage Committee". UNESCO World Heritage Site. Retrieved 2006-10-14.
  4. ^ UNESCO World Heritage Centre. "Advisory Bodies". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d Office of the External Auditor for the United Nations Scientific, Educational and Cultural Organization (2011) Independent Evaluation by the UNESCO External Auditor, Volume 1: Implementation of the Global Strategy for the Credible, Balanced and Representative World Heritage List. UNESCO Headquarters, Paris.
  6. ^ a b c d UNESCO Intergovernmental Committee for the Protection of the World Natural and Cultural Heritage (2015) Rules of Procedure. World Heritage Centre, Paris. Download available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/committee/ (27 June 2019)
  7. ^ "Sessions". UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  8. ^ UNESCO. "44th session of the World Heritage Committee". UNESCO. Retrieved 8 June 2020.
  9. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "UNESCO World Heritage Centre – 40th session of the Committee". whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 27 March 2018.
  10. ^ Meskell, Lynn (Winter 2014). "States of Conservation: Protection, Politics, and Pacting within UNESCO's World Heritage Committee". Anthropological Quarterly. 87: 217–243. doi​:​10.1353/anq.2014.0009​. S2CID 143628800.
  11. ^ The Economist. 2010. UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites: A Danger List in Danger. Accessed 27 June 2019.
  12. ^ "U.S. to Withdraw From UNESCO. Here's What That Means". Nationalgeographic.com. 2017-10-12. Retrieved 2020-03-21.
  13. ^ Tress, Luke (2016-10-26). "UNESCO adopts another resolution ignoring Jewish link to Temple Mount". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 2020-03-21.
External links
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Last edited on 14 May 2021, at 05:16
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