, (يحيى التركي
), born Yahia Ben Mahmoud El Hajjem
in 1903 in Istanbul
, died 1 March 1969, was a Tunisian painter
described as the "father of Tunisian painting". After the Independence in 1956, Yahia became the president of l'Ecole de Tunis, which was created in 1947 by Pierre Boucherle in an attempt to gather Tunisian artists, regardless of their religious, racial, or artistic background, and with the common interest of establishing a Tunisian painting style.
Turki experienced his first success in 1923 in the Tunisian salon
Turki’s first painting was made in oil on canvas. He later obtained a scholarship
and went to Paris
in 1927, where he kept company with Albert Marquet
and Lucien Mainssieux
He studied at the Centre d’art de Tunis
with a scholarship from the French Protectorate
which he achieved with the help of Alexandre Fichet and Pierre Boyer.
In 1928, he stayed in France
and took part in the Colonial
Exhibition of French artists and the Salon des Indépendents
During his stay in Paris from 1926 to 1928 and from 1931 to 1935 he used to visit the studios of French artists the likes of Matisse
On his return to Tunis in 1935, he exhibited a series of works with Parisian themes.
He was a member of the Groupe des Dix
in 1947 and one of the founders of the École de Tunis
(Tunisian School) in 1948.
In 1956, after Tunisian independence, he succeeded Pierre Boucherle
as the president of the Tunisian School
, a post he occupied until his death.
He also became the vice-president of the Tunisian salon.
He made a great influence at younger artists who was eager to "reconcile Tunisian national identity within an inherited system of artistic practices". This concept of him easily can be traced in his works. Turki's architectural spaces, landscapes, still lives, and portraits depicted everyday life of Tunisia. In the 1950s he made a murals in the École d’Agriculture de Moghrane
(Agricaultural School in Mograne
Among his student were the likes of Abdelaziz ben Rais (1903-1962), Hatem El Mekki
(1918-2003) and Ammar Farhat
Some of his works have been sold at auction, including Femme en sefsari
which was sold at Artcurial Orientalism
in 2013 for $9,576.
At age 52, Turki married a Tunisian, and had a daughter named Nazly.
- ^ a b c d e f g h (in French) Peintres de Tunisie de 1900 à 1960 (Harissa.com)
- ^ a b Aïcha Filali, Yahia, père de la peinture en Tunisie, coll. Peinture, éd. Cérès Productions, Tunis, 2002
- ^ a b c d Yahia Turki (1901–1969) Retrieved on 19 Feb 2018
- ^ Yahia Turki Retrieved on 19 Feb 2018
Jonathan M. Bloom; Sheila S. Blair, eds. (2009). The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture, vol 1, 2 and 3
. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 356.
Last edited on 30 December 2020, at 22:28
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