Yazid ibn Abdallah al-Hulwani Yazid ibn Abdallah ibn Dinar al-Hulwani
(also called al-Turki
: يزيد بن عبد الله التركي
) was the military governor (wālī al-jaysh
for the Abbasid Caliphate
from 856 to 867.
He was the first Turk
to govern Egypt.
Yazid rose to prominence as a lieutenant of the Turkish commander Itakh
, and he served for a time as the chief of police (ṣāḥib al-shurṭa
) of Samarra
as the latter's deputy.
His career appears to have survived Itakh's fall from power in 849,
and in 856 he was selected to govern Egypt on behalf of the Abbasid prince al-Muntasir
who had been assigned the province as part of the caliph al-Mutawakkil's
Yazid's tenure as governor was characterized by a lack of stability in the country. In Upper Egypt
, rebellious Arab
tribes had effectively seized control of the area around Aswan
. In the north, Yazid was concerned with keeping dissent followers of Ali
in check. Several Alawis were arrested and deported to Samarra, and the central government sent him instructions to severely limit the freedoms Alids
and their supporters in the province. In 866 a revolt in the region of Alexandria
was begun by one Jabir ibn al-Walid
and enjoyed the support of the local Arabs, Christians
. Soon the rebels had spread across the Delta region
and defeated the Turkish garrison stationed at Fustat
. As a result of Yazid's failure to suppress the rebellion, he was recalled from his post by the central government in 867.
Part of the reason for Yazid's failure was that his powers as governor were limited. He had been given responsibility for Fustat and the Nile
districts, but Alexandria and Barqa
had been removed from the jurisdiction of the Egyptian government and were separately administered at the time.
In addition, in accordance with the normal practice of the era, Yazid had control over the military and administration of the province, but not its fiscal affairs; these were delegated to a separate director of finance ('āmil
From 861 on this latter post was occupied by Ahmad ibn al-Mudabbir
, whose heavy taxes likely exacerbated the feelings of discontent among the populace.
Yazid was replaced as governor by Muzahim ibn Khaqan
, who had been dispatched to the province with reinforcements to put down Jabir's rebellion.
- ^ a b Gordon, p. 109
- ^ Bianquis, p. 92
- ^ a b Kennedy, p. 85
- ^ a b c Brett, p. 589
- ^ Gordon, p. 113
- ^ Tabari, v. 34: pp. 95-6
- ^ Brett, pp. 589-91
- ^ Gordon, p. 110; Brett, p. 589; Bianquis, p. 92
- ^ Brett, p. 590; Gottschalk, p. 880
- Bianquis, Thierry (1998). "Autonomous Egypt from Ibn Ṭūlūn to Kāfūr, 868–969". In Petry, Carl F. (ed.). Cambridge History of Egypt, Volume One: Islamic Egypt, 640–1517. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 86–119. ISBN 0-521-47137-0.
- Brett, Michael. "The Fatimid revolution (861-973) and its aftermath in North Africa." The Cambridge History of Africa, Volume 2: c. 500 B.C. - A.D. 1050. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1978. ISBN 0-521-21592-7
- Gordon, Matthew S. (2001). The Breaking of a Thousand Swords: A History of the Turkish Military of Samarra (A.H. 200–275/815–889 C.E.). Albany, New York: State University of New York Press. ISBN 0-7914-4795-2.
- Gottschalk, H.L. (1971). "Ibn al-Mudabbir". In Lewis, B.; Ménage, V. L.; Pellat, Ch. & Schacht, J. (eds.). The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume III: H–Iram. Leiden: E. J. Brill. OCLC 495469525.
- Kennedy, Hugh (1998). "Egypt as a province in the Islamic caliphate, 641–868". In Petry, Carl F. (ed.). Cambridge History of Egypt, Volume One: Islamic Egypt, 640–1517. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 62–85. ISBN 0-521-47137-0.
- Kraemer, Joel L., ed. (1989). The History of al-Ṭabarī, Volume XXXIV: Incipient Decline: The Caliphates of al-Wāthiq, al-Mutawakkil and al-Muntaṣir, A.D. 841–863/A.H. 227–248. SUNY Series in Near Eastern Studies. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press. ISBN 978-0-88706-874-4.
Last edited on 13 January 2021, at 19:25
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