In power, the YSP was beset by internal divisions. In 1980 Ismail was replaced as President of South Yemen
by Ali Nasir Muhammad
, who was a more moderate and conciliatory leader compared to the pro-Soviet leftism of Ismail. He sought to improve relations with South Yemen's Arab neighbours and the West. Conflict between the two factions led to the South Yemen Civil War
in 1986 which led to the death of Abdul Fattah Ismail, although his ally Ali Salem al Beidh
took control of the party, while the more moderate Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas
became president. Al-Beidh and al-Attas would occupy positions in the government of a reunified Yemen until the 1994 civil war
. Parliamentary elections
were held in October 1986, and although the YSP remained the sole legal party, independent candidates were allowed to contest the elections, winning 40 of the 111 seats, with the YSP winning the other 71.
Surviving many upheavals and civil strife in Yemen, the collapse of the Soviet Union, and the crisis of international socialism, the YSP was instrumental in achieving Yemeni unity and the establishment of multi-party democracy in the Republic of Yemen in May 1990.
In the first parliamentary elections
in unified Yemen in 1993, the YSP won 56 of the 301 seats, finishing third behind the General People's Congress
(GPC) and al-Islah
. The three parties subsequently formed a coalition government.
Following the 1994 civil war the party's infrastructure and resources were confiscated by the GPC government and its cadres and members were regularly subjected to unwarranted arrests and torture. It boycotted the 1997 parliamentary elections
and was unable to nominate a candidate for the 1999 presidential elections
, as any potential candidate required the backing of 31 MPs. In 2002 it was one of five parties to form the Joint Meeting Parties opposition alliance,
it returned to contest the 2003 parliamentary elections
, it received only 3.8% of the popular vote and won eight seats.
South Yemeni parliamentary elections
House of Representatives elections
- ^ Frank Tachau (1994) Political parties of the Middle East and North Africa, Greenwood Press, p638
- ^ a b Browers, Michaelle (2007). "Origins and Architects of Yemen's Joint Meeting Parties". International Journal of Middle East Studies. 39 (4): 571–576. ISSN 0020-7438. Retrieved 22 March 2021.
- ^ Ahmed, Mohammed Ghaleb (29 November 2012). "عضو المكتب السياسي للحزب الاشتراكي محمد غالب أحمد ل"26سبتمبر":الثلاثون من نوفمبر1967حققه تلاحم وكفاح وتضحيات المناضلين من كل اليمن" [Letter from Politburo member Mohammed Ghaleb Ahmed to "26th September" Newspaper on achievements of 30th November 1967.]. 26 September (in Arabic). Archived from the original on 3 December 2012.
- ^ Victoria Clark (2010) Yemen: Dancing on the Heads of Snakes, Yale University Press
- ^ a b c Robert D. Burrowes (2010) Historical Dictionary of Yemen, Rowman & Littlefield, p450
- ^ The Yemeni Socialist Party Issues its first Statement New Yemen, 3 July 2012
Last edited on 9 May 2021, at 01:39
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