"Zarka" redirects here. For the cantillation note of the same name, see Zarka (trope)
) is the capital of Zarqa Governorate
. Its name means "the blue (city)". It had a population of 635,160 inhabitants in 2015,
and is the most populous city in Jordan after Amman
Although inhabited since the 1st century, the city of Zarqa was established in 1902 by Chechen
immigrants who were displaced from the wars between the Ottoman
They settled along the Zarqa River. At that time a station on the Hejaz Railway
was built in the new settlement. The railway station turned Zarqa into an important hub. On 10 April 1905, the Ottoman governor issued a decree that allowed the Chechen immigrants to own lands which they settled on. The population then quickly grew in size. On 18 November 1928, the new Jordanian government issued a decree to establish the first municipal council for Zarqa.
With an estimated metropolitan population of about 700,000 in 2010, Zarqa has the third largest metropolitan population in Jordan after Amman and Irbid
, whilst the city of Zarqa has the second largest population after Amman with a population of about 500,000.
Districts of Greater Zarqa Municipality
The city of Zarqa is divided into five districts that all together have an area of about 60 km2 (23 sq mi) and another two districts within the radius of influence of the city.
Economy and infrastructure
The Amman-Zarqa highway
Zarqa is connected by the Hejaz Railway
to Amman to the south and to Syria
to the north. A new railway is under construction to connect Amman with Zarqa.
Zarqa lies on the international highway that connects Saudi Arabia
with Syria and on the international Amman-Baghdad
Zarqa is Jordan's industrial centre. It is home to over 50% of Jordanian factories. The growth of industry in the city is the result of low real estate costs and proximity to the capital Amman.
Several facilities that are vital to Jordan's economy are based in Zarqa, such as Jordan's only oil refinery plant. According to the Zarqa Chamber of Commerce, 10% of Jordan's total exports in 2011 came from Zarqa Governorate
, amounting to more than US$512 million.
Leather and garment products constituted about 52% of Zarqa'a exports, followed by chemical, agricultural and pharmaceutical products.
In September 2020, massive explosions occurred at an army munitions depot for mortars near Zarqa, caused by an electric short circuit.
Zarqa in News
In October 2020 Zarqa was a trending regional keyword due to the outrageous crime happened after a teenager had his arms amputated and his eyes gouged out
There are three universities in Zarqa, the largest of which is Hashemite University
. The other two are Al-Balqa` Applied University
and Zarqa University
. Other community colleges and research centres are based in Zarqa such as the Al-Zarqa Educational & Investment. Also, there are many secondary schools (or high schools) in Zarqa, most notably is the Zarqa Secondary School for Boys which is considered one of the oldest high schools in Jordan.
- ^ "The General Census - 2015" (PDF). Department of Population Statistics.
- ^ Su, Alice (14 February 2014). "In the Middle East, Arabic Wikipedia is a flashpoint — and a beacon". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- ^ "Climate: Zarqa". 17 January 2018.
- ^ Natho, Nadir I., 1927- (2009). Circassian history. New York: Nadir I. Natho. p. 480. ISBN 978-1-4415-2389-1. OCLC 712591748.
- ^ Ibragimova, Zarema Ch. (2007). Mir čečencev - XIX vek. Moskva: Probel-2000. pp. chapter 19. ISBN 978-5-98604-089-9. OCLC 220247120.
- ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 12, 2009. Retrieved December 9, 2009.
- ^ Assbeel Newspaper (Arabic content)
- ^ "Major explosion rocks arms depot in Jordan, but no casualties reported". France 24. 11 September 2020.
- ^ "بتر ساعدي مراهق أردني وفقء عينيه ثأرا". BBC News عربي (in Arabic). Retrieved 2021-01-20.
Last edited on 18 March 2021, at 20:24
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