Not to be confused with Zoba
In the Hebrew Bible
In I Samuel
, the kings of Zobah were said to have fought with Israelite king Saul
(I Samuel 14:47
). Kirkpatrick suggests that "the 'kings' were apparently independent chiefs", but by the time of King David there was a single king, Hadadezer bar Rehob
Later, King Hadadezer bar Rehob allied with Ammon
against King David, who defeated Zobah and made the kingdom tributary to Israel
(II Samuel 10
). In this war, Arameans from across the Euphrates came to Hadadezer's aid (II Sam. 10:16
). Upon the accession of Solomon
, Zobah became independent of Israel (compare I Kings xi. 23
In Mesopotamian sources
After the 10th century BCE, Zobah is not mentioned in the Hebrew Bible
, but the city of Subiti, which is mentioned in the annals of Ashurbanipal
as having been conquered by him in the 7th century BCE, is probably identical with it (compare Schrader, "K. B." ii. 217).
The same city is mentioned in some broken cuneiform
lists of towns in connection with Hamath and Damascus
Medieval Rabbinical sources
Some sources indicate that Zobah city is the modern town of Anjar
's Bekaa Valley.
In later Assyrian documents it may have been named a provincial center derived from the recently incorporated city of Damascus, which might be Deir Khabiyah
west of Al-Kiswah
.[dubious – discuss]
- Aleppo Codex, Hebrew Bible manuscript called in Hebrew "Keter Aram-Zoba", meaning "Crown of Aleppo"
- Hamath-zobah, biblical city
- Homs, city in Syria
- ^ a b c Kirkpatrick, A. F., Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges on 1 Samuel 14, accessed 26 July 2019
- ^ Psalm 60: NKJV
- ^ Psalm 60: RSV
- ^ Psalm 60: NABRE
- ^ World Center for Aleppo (Halab) Jews Traditional Culture, המרכז העולמי למורשת יהדות ארם-צובא (הלב).
- ^ The Book of Psalms (with Rabbi Saadia Gaon's Translation and Commentary), editor: Yosef Qafih, Machon Moshe: 2nd edition, Jerusalem 2010, s.v. Psalm 60:2.
- ^ كتاب صوبا - تاريخ وطن وحياة قرية (in Arabic)
- ^ مملكة آرام حماة (in Arabic)
- Schrader, K. B. ii. 121 et seq;
- Delitzsch, Wo Lag das Paradies? pp. 279 et seq.
Last edited on 16 March 2021, at 11:52
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