Egyptian Self-Taught/Vocabularies
< Egyptian Self-Taught
The Alphabet
Egyptian Self-Taught (1914)  by Carl Albert Thimm
Vocabularies
The Grammar of Arabic
VOCABULARIES.
ABBREVIATIONS.
L.—Lower Egypt.
U.—Upper Egypt.
Plu. Plural.
Imp. Imperative.
N.B.— The ī denotes the presence of yey (see page 10) in the Arabic, as does also final i. Thus 'arableh (carriage) when plural becomes 'arabīyat as the yey in such words has more of the sound value of y. The feminine ah becomes at before a vowel, e.g., es sikkat el hadīd (the railway).
1. The World and its Elements.
English.Arabic.—Phonetic Pronunciation
GodAllāh
Creatorkhāliq
worlddunya
skysama, gāu
sunshems, sems (l.), shemsh (u.)
moonqamar
starnigmah
airhāua
earthard
watermoyyah
firenār
seabāḥr
animalḥāywān, plu. ḥāywānāt
cattleplu. bahayim
naturetab'iah
lightnūr
darkatmah, zalara
weatherhāua
windrīḥ, plu. aryāḥ
stormnāu
cloudghāim
rainmatar
snow, icetelg
hailbard, galīd
thunderra'ad
lightningbarq
fogshābūrah
heatharārah
coldbard, bārid
Northbāhri, shemāl
Southqibli
Eastsharq
Westgharb
whirlwindzoba'ah
North-windtiyāb
earthquakezilzilah, plu. zalāzil
eclipse of the suninkisāf
eclipse of the moonkhusūf
2. Land and Water.
Landard
islandgezīrah, plu. gazāyir
mountaingebel, plu. gibāl
valleywādi
riverbāḥr, plu. buḥūr
lakebirkah
watermoyyah
rocksakhrah, plu. sukhūi
wavemōgah, plu. ámwāg
shorebarr, shāti, sāhil
gardengineynah, plu. ganāyii
reservoirkhazzān
moundkom, plu. kimān
the first cataractshallālah el āuwal
the second cataractshallālah et-tāni
claytīn
clear watermoyyah rāyqah
cold watermoyyah bāridah
hot watermoyyah sukhnah
3. Minerals and Metals.
Golddahab
silverfaddah
coppernhhās aḥmar
brassnahhās asfar
ironhadīd
tinsafīeh, tanak
steelsolb, bulād
leadrusās
coal (charcoal stone)faḥm hagar
marblerokhām
stonehagar
sandraml, ramleh
metalm'adan, plu. ma'ādin
charcoalfaḥm ḥatab
mineralm'adāni
amberkahramān
granitesawān
gravelhasā, local haswah
mercuryzeybaq
quicksilverzeybaq
4. Animals, Birds and Fishes.
Animalhaywān, plu. ḥāywānāt
horsehosān, plu. kheyl
cowbaqarah
calfigl, plu. agūl
lionsab'a, plu. sub'ua
lionesslabwah, plu. labwāt
Pigkhanzīr, plu. khanāzīr
sheepghanam
lambkharūf, plu. khirfān
goatm'izah, plu. ma'iz
dogkelb, plu. kelab
catqottah, plu. qotat
harearnab, plu. ārānib
wolfdīb, plu. diyab
foxta'aleb
mouse, ratfār, plu. fīrān
cockdīk, plu. doyūk
henfarkhah, plu. fīrākh
fowlteyr, plu. tiyūr
chickenkatkūt, plu. katakīt
goosewizzah, plu. wizz
duckbatta, plu. batt
birdasfūr, plu. asafīr
doveyamnāmah, plu. yamāin
eaglenisr, plu. nesūr
crowghorāb
turkey|dik rūrmi
pelicanrakhamah
birdlimedibk
owlbūmah
pigeonhamāmah, plu. hamām
hawksaqr
partridgehagal
fishsamak
lobsterābū-galambo
cattlema-wāshi, bahāyim (bovine)
mulebaghlah, plu. bigbāl
camelgamal, plu. gimal
hump of the camelsanamat el gamal
donkeyhomār, plu. hemīr
dromedaryhagīn, plu. hegāna
elephantiīl, plu. afyāl
horse shoeḥidwā, plu. hadāwi
hide (of a beast)gild, plu. gelūd
hornqurn, plu. qorūn
monkeynisnās, plu. nasanīs
quailsimmānah
sandgrouseqatt'a
gazelleghazāl
5. Reptiles and Insects.
White antdūdah, plu. dūd
antnamlah, plu. naml
flydibbānah, plu. dibbān
beenaḥlah, plu. naḥl
fleabarghūt, plu. baraghīt
spider'ainkabūt
crocodiletimsāḥ, plu. tamāsḥ
waspdabbūr, plu. dobābīr
mosquitonamūsah, plu. namūs
mothītāh
bugbaqqah, plu. baqq
insecthasharah, waghish
reptilesdabīb, ha-wām
frogdofd'ah, plu. dafad'ih
6. Fruit, Trees, Flowers, Herbs and Vegetables
Fruitsfawakih
appletīffaḥ
pearkommittrah
plumbarkūkah, plu. barkūk
treeshagarah, plu. ashgār, or shagar
nutgōzah
walnutgōz
grapes'aneb
lemonleymūn
oakballūt
rosewardah
flowerzahrah, plu. zuhūr
grasshashīsh
herbsnegīl
barleysha'ir
cabbagekoronb
carrotsgazar
cauliflowerkarnablt
celerykarafs
cinnamonqirfah
cloveqorónfil
cornghallah or qamb
garlictōm
melonbattīkh
yellow melonabdel-lāwi, shamām
oliveszeytūn
onionsbassal
7. The Human Body.
Bodygasad, gism
skingild, plu. gelūd
heartqalb, plu. qulūb
headrās, plu. ru-us
hairsh'arah, plu. sh'ar
facewish, wegḥ
foreheadgibhah
eye'āyn, plu. 'āyūn
nosemanākhīr
nostrilsmonkhār
mouthhanak, fomm
tonguelissān
earwidn, plu. āudān
neck'onq or rakabah, plu. rikāb
backdahr
bellybatn
stomachm'ida
shinqasabat errigl, sāq, plu. sīqān
footrigl, qadam
armdirā'a
handyed
fingersoba'a, plu. sawābi'a
finger-naildofr, plu. adāfir
thumbbāhim
eye-lidgifn, plu. gifūn
eye-browhāgib, plu. hawāgib
eye-lashrimsh, plu. rimūsh
toothsinn, plu. assnān
molarders, plu. adras
bearddakn
elbowku'a, plu. akw'a
blooddam
lungsfishshah
blindness'āma
dumbakhras
deafatrash
deadmāyyit
alive'āyish, ḥāi
nakedaryān
bowelsmasarīn
navelsorrah
right-handyemīn
left-handshemāl
hand (palm of the)kaff
breathnafas
drum of the earsomākh e widn
8. Mankind; Relations.
Peoplenās
manrāgil, plu. rigāl
womanmarah, plu. nisswān
husbandzōg
wifezōgah, marah
boywalad, plu. āulād
girlbint, plu. benāt
parentswālideyn
fatherabū
motheromm, plu. onimahāt
sonibn, walad; plu. abna or beni, āulād
daughterbint
brotherakhū, plu. akhwān
sisterokḥt, plu. akhawāt
femalenitāyah
maledakar, zakar; plu. dokūr, zokūr
maid (virgin)bint bikr, plu. benāt bukkār
widowāzbah, armalah
widowerāzib
bridearūsah, plu. arāyis
bridegroomarīs, plu. irsān
fatherlessyatīm
relationqarābah
relativeqarīb
Christianmasīḥi, nusrāni
grand-childibn el ibn, ibn el bint, bafīd
grand-fathergidd
grand-mothergiddah
negro'abd, plu. 'abīd
negressgāryah, plu. gūwār
nephewibn el ākb, ibn el okht
niecebint el ākh, bint el okht
9. Dress.
Coatsitrah
cloakbarnūs
shirtqamīs, pi. qumsān
waistcoatsadeyrah
pocketgeyb, plu. go-yūb
buttonzirr, plu. ezrār
stockingsshorabāt, gorabāt
bootsgazmah
shoemarkub, gazmah; plu. marakīb, gizām
hatborneytah, plu. barānīt
handkerchiefmandīl, plu. manādīl
watchsa'ah
pursekīss, plu. akyāss
brushfurshah, plu. forāsh
combmisht, plu. amshāt
glovesguanti, kufūf
soapsābūn
ringkhātim, plu. khawātim
shawlshāl, plu. shīlān
a pair of trousersbantalón
spectaclesnadārah
necktiekirawātah
scissorsmaqās
slippersbābūsh
clothgūkh
collary-āqah, plu. y-aqāt
cottonqotn
lacetonteylah
needleibrah, plu. obār
drawerslibās
pindabbūs
threadkheyt
umbrellashemsīeh
10. Food and Drink.
Meatlāḥm
breakfastfutūr
lunchghada
supper, dinner'asha
soupshorbah
boiled meatlāḥm maslūq
fishsamak
beeflaḥm baqari
muttonlāḥm dani
porklāḥm khanzīr
beansfūi
boiled eggsbeyd maslūq
fried eggs (baked)beyd maqli
eggbeydah, plu. beyd
omeletiggat beyd
cheesegibnah
bread'eysh
saltmelḥ
pepperfilfil
mustardkhardal
vinegarkhall
saladsalātā
milkleben
creamqishtah
sugarsukkar
teashai
coffeeqāhwah
watermoyyah
winenebīd
bottleqizāzah, plu. qazāyiz
glasskubbāyah
fresh bread'eysh tāzah
saucesalsa
sausagesogokk
foodakl
drink (to)shereb, imperative ishrab
vegetableskhodār
datesbelāḥ
oliveszeytūn
cakefetīr, kahk
celerykarafs
cauliflowerkarnabīt
parsleybaqdonos
cabbagekoronb
riceruz
brannokhālah
a mouthfulloqmah
brothmarakah
chickenkatkūt, plu. katakīt
creamqishtah
flourdeqīq
a glass of winekubbāyah nebīd
a glass of waterkubbāyah moyyah
lemonadelimonāda
11. Eating and Cooking Utensils.
Table clothghata es soffrah
table napkinfūtah es soffrah
platesaḥn, tabaq
dishsaḥn
knifesikkīn, plu. sakakīn
forkshōkah
spoonma'alaqah
cupfingān, plu. fanagīn
salt-cellarmallāḥah
tea-potibrīk shāi
frying-panmiqlāyah
kettleghallāyah, ghallayāt, ibrīk
corkscrewbarīmah
hoefās (l.), turiyeh (u.)
shovelkureyk
stovekanun
traytisht
ovenforn
filtermisfāyah
hatchetbaltah
12. House and Furniture.
The houseel beyt
roomōdah, plu. owad
bedfarshah
bedsteadserīr
pillowmakhaddah, plu. makbaddāt
blanketbatanīeh
sheetmilāyah, plu. milāyāt
doorbāb, plu. abwāb
windowshibbāk, plu. shebabīk
bellgaras
wallheytah, plu. heytān
roofsatḥ
floorardīeh
chairkursi, plu. karāsi
sofadīwan
carpetsaggādah, plu. saggādát
tablesoffrah, tarabeyzah
broomfurshah
looking-glassmirāyah, plu. mirayāt
mattressmertábah
quiltlihāf
fireplace, chimneymadkhanah
jug or potkūz
pailsutl
towelfūtah or bashkīr; plu. fuwāt, bashākīr
basintisht
bath (warm)hammām
basketmishannah, maqtaf, alaq
candlestickshamadān
candlesham'a, plu. shumū'a
lockquflah, keylūn
keymuftah, plu. mafātīḥ
furnituremobiliāt
stableisstabl
matcheskabrīt
matḥāsīrah, plu. ḥosr
bottleqizāzah, plu. qazāyiz
landlordmuaggir, saḥib el-beyt
tenant (or merchant)tagir
lease, rental (or wages)ugra
brickstūb
bouse (a) to be letbeyt lil igār
water closetmustarāh, beyt el 'adeb, 'adebkhānah
kitchenmatbakh
13. Town and Country.
City, or town (large)medīnah, plu. madayin
country (native)beled
villagebeled
streetsikkah, plu. sikak
squaremāidán
marketsūk, plu. aswāk
palacesarāyah or qasr; plu. sarāyāt qusur
churchkenīsah, kanāyis
towerburg, plu. abrāg
postbosta
post-officebosta, moḥall el bosta
police-officezabtīeh
hospitalisbitāliah
exchangeborsa
bridgeqantarah, plu. qanātir
custom-housegumruk
prisonḥabs
shopdokkān, plu. dakākīn
hotellokanda
castle, fortressqal'aah
cornerrukn, plu. arkān
foot pavementbalat
railwaysikkat el ḥadīd
fieldgheyt, plu. ghītān
forestghābab, plu. ghabāt
cross-roadarb'a mafāriq
farm'abadīeh
fence-wallsūr
gatebāb, plu. abwāb
pathtarīq
grasshashīsh
moundkom, plu. kimān
pyramidḥaram, plu. aḥrām
desertgebel
roadtarīq, darb, sikkah
where does this road lead to?es sikkah deh tawadīna feyn?
14. Professions and Trades.
Professionkār, sena'ah
ambassadorelchi (Turkish)
professor, teachermu'allim
scholar (pupil)talmīz, plu. talámza
doctor'ālem, plu. 'ulama; hakīm, (plu. hukama) doktōr
medicinedāuwa
chemistkimāwi
policeman'askari
policebulīs, zabīleh
postmasterwakīl el bostā
postmanbostágy
guard, station agent) or masterwakīl, or rā, is maḥattah
store-keepermakhzangi
merchanttāgir, plu. togār
merchandisebuda'ah
clerkkātib
booksellerkutbi, plu. kutbiyā
bookbindermogallid kutub
shoemakergizamāti, saramāti
tailorkhāyyāt, plu. khāyyātīn
blacksmithhaddād
barbermozāyyin, hallāq
watchmakersa'ati
jewellergawāhirgi
oculistḥakīm 'oyūn
laundressghassālah
farmermuzari'a
porter (carrier)shāyyāl, ḥammāl
lawyeravokāto
midwifedāyah
servantkhaddām, plu. khaddāmīn
grocerbaqqāl
groomsāyis, plu. siyās
sailorbaḥri, marákbi
gentlemankhawāgah (Persian)
ladysitt, plu. sittāt
guidedalīl
interpretermotargim, plu. motargimln
dragomantergumān
coachmanarbági
carpenternaggār, plu. naggārīn
watchmanghafīr, plu. ghufara
fish-mongersammāk, plu. sammākīn
cutlersakakīni
slave'abd
plaintiffmudd'āi
defendantmudda'a 'aleyh
appellant
mustānif
auctioneerdallāl
bakerkhabbāz, farrān
engineermohándis, plu. mohándisīn
engravernāqqāsh
gardenerganāyni
gildertallā
goldsmithsāyigh
missionarymursal, plu. mursalīn
nunrahbah, plu. rahbāt
nurse-
surgeongarrāḥ
Beduin chiefsheykh el-'orbān
15. Ships and Shipping.
Steamerbabūr, wabūr
shipmerkeb, plu. marākib
boat, bargesandal, plu. sanādil
mastsāri, plu. sawāri
rudderdaffat el markab
sailqil'a, plu. qulū'a
oarmuqdāf, plu. maqādīf
flagbandeyrah
anchormersāh
sailor|marākbi
drownedgharaq
mapkhartah
boatmanmarākbi
fishermansāyyād, plu. sāyyāldīn
afloat'ayim
swimming'om
cargowasqat, hamūlah.
steersmandomāngi
cableghomanah, ḥabl
fleet (of ships)dunanmah, plu. dunanmāt
compassibrat
engineer (of the steamer)usta el wabūr
yachtyaht
float of paddle-wheelmuqdāf tāra
dockyardtarsānah
Nile-bargedahabieh
Nile house-boatqanga
brokersamsār, plu. samāsrah
brokeragesamsārah
pilotkalāwuz
small boatfelukkah
16. Travelling.
VoyageSafar
journeySafar
railway-stationmahattah
steamboatwabūr
captainkabtān, rā,is
sailormarākbi, bāḥri
custom-housegumruk
keymuftaḥ, plu. mafatīḥ
arrivalwusūl
railwaysikkat el ḥadīd
trainqattr
luggage'afsh
bagkīs, plu. akyās
interpretertergumān, motargim, plu. motargimīn
return tickettazkārah rāiḥ wa gāi
billhesāb
receiptwasl, sanad; plu. wosulāt sanadāt
officediwān
guard's vandispensa
coachmanarbaggi
pillowmakhaddah, plu. makhuddāt
whiptīlah, kurbāg
caravankaflah
saddle (for a donkey)barda'ah, plu. barad'ih
saddle (for a horse)sarg, plu. surug
strapseyr
passenger-trainqatr rukkāb
goods-trainqatr el buda'ah
travellermusāfir, plu. musāfrīn
travel (to)sāfar
carriage'arabīeh, plu. 'arabīyāt
medicinedāuwa, plu. adwīya
moneyfulūs
Pound (£1.)giney (guinea) inglīzi
Napoleon (20fr. piece)bintu
Pound (Egyptian)giney masri
Pound (Turkish)giney magīdi
When does the train leave?el qatr yisafir imta?
17. Writing.
Paperwaraq
blotting paperwaraq nashshāf
sheet (of paper)farkh waraq
quire (ditto)farīdat waraq
penqalam, plu. aqlām
inkhibr
inkstanddawāyah
penknifematwah, plu. matāwi
pencilqalam rusās
sealing-wax (red)sham'a aḥmar
lettergawab or maktūb; plu. gawābat, makātīb
datetarīkh
signatureimdā
post-stampwaraq damghah
manuscriptnuskhaḥ, kitāb khatt
write (to) (copy)katab, imp. iktib
writing (s)kitābah
writtenmaktūb
bookkitāb, plu. kutub
index (of a book)fahrāsah
seal (to)khatam, imp. ikhtim
sign the letterimdi el gawāb
postbosta
post-officebosta, diwan el bosta
postmasterwakīl el bosta
he registered the letter (at the post-office)huwa saggar el gawāb
envelopezarf
dictionaryqamūs
when does the post leave?imta tisāfir el bosta?
18. Shooting Implements and Fishing Tackle.
Knifesikkīn, plu. sakakīn
pocket-knifematwah, plu. matāwi
hammerqādūm, shakūsh
filemabrad, plu. mabārid
nailmismār, plu. manashīr
nail (to)sammar, imp. sammar
axefās
sawminshār, plu. manashīr
grindstonemisānn
gunbunduqīeh
gunpowderbarūd
shot (a shot fired)darbah
netshabakah, plu. shibāk, or shabakāt
fish-hooksinnārah
basketmishannah
boxsandūk, plu. sanadīk
shootingdarb al barūd
sportseyd
at one shotbi-darbah, or bi-nishān wāḥid
padlockqafi, plu. aqfāl
tobacco-pipeshibūk, plu. shubukāt
pistoltabangah, plu. tabangāt
19. Time and Seasons.
Yearsenah, plu. senīn
monthshaḥr, plu. ushḥur
weekgum'aah, plu. gum'aāt
two weeksgum'ateyn
dayyom, plu. eyyām
hoursa'ah, plu. sa'āt
half-an-hournuss sa'ah
minutedeqīqah, plu. daqāyiq
seasonfasl or awan, plu. fosūl
Springrābī'a
Summerseyf
Autumnkharīf
Wintershita
the months of the yearshuḥūr es senah
Lunar months shuḥūr 'arabīya
Coptic monthsshuḥūr qibtīya
timewaqt
to-morrow morningbukra fi subḥ
how many weekskām guma'ah ?
day-timenahār
mid-dayed duhr
every daykull yom
after to-morrowb'ad bukra
to-dayen-nahār-deh
to-morrowbukra
January[1]yenāir
Februaryfebrāir
Marchmarss
Aprilabrīl
Maymāyeh
Juneyūunia
Julyyūlia
Augustaghostos
Septembersebtember
Octoberoktober
Novembernofember
Decemberdezember
Sundayyom el ḥad
Mondayyom el etnīn
Tuesdayyom et telāt
Wednesdayyom el arb'a
Thursdayyom el khamīs
Fridayyom el gum'a
Saturday, or Sabbathyom es sabt
birthdaymāulid
holidaybatūlah, 'eyd, fantasīeh
Christmas'eyd el mīlād
Easter'eyd el qiyāmah
dawnfagr
morningsubḥ or sabaḥ
early in the morningbadri fi subḥ
eveningmaghrib
this eveningel leylah deb or eleylāhdeh
in the eveningfil maghrib
noonduhr
forenoonqabl ed duhr
afternoonel 'asr, b'ad ed duhr
nightleyl, plu. lāyāl
midnightnuss el-leyl
yesterdayembāreh[2]
yesterday morningembāreh fi subḥ
yesterday eveningembāreh el maghrib
the day before yesterdayāauwel embāreh
three days agoāuwel āuwel embāreh
dailyyōmi
last yeares-senah illi fātet
year before lastqabl senateyn
twenty years old (son of twenty years)ibn 'ashrīn senah
day timenahār
full moonbadr
Leap-yearsenah kabīs
20. Countries and Nations.
Countrybeled, plu. bilād
nationommah
native countrywatan
statemamlakah, plu. mamālik
Europeāurobba
Europeanāurobbi, ferangi
Englandbilād el-ingilīz
Englishingilīzi
Americanamerikāni
Arabiahegāz
Arabian'arabi
Arabs (nomads)'arab
Beduinbedawi, plu. bedwān, 'arab, 'orbān
Syriaesh-shām
Francefransā
Frenchfransāwi
Russiabilād el moskof
Russianmoskówi
Chinabilād es sīn
Greekrūmi
Greekyunāni
Greecebilād er rūm, yūnán
Turkeybilād et turk
Turkishturki
His Highness the Khediveel khedéywi
His Highness (Our Lord)effendīna
Egyptberr masr
Egyptianmasri
Lower Egyptbeheyrah
Upper Egyptes-sa'id
Persiabilād el agam
Persianāgami
Cairomasr mahrūsah
Old Cairomasr 'atīqah
The districts of Cairoatmān masr
Constantinopleistambūl
Alexandriaiskendirīeh
Suez Canalel kanāl
Suezes sues
Ismailiehel isma 'ilīeh
Arisheel 'arīsh
Kosseirel quseyr
Damietftadumyāt
Rosettarāshīd
Suakinsawākin
The Nile (River)en nīl
Foreigneregnebi, gharīb; plu. ghuraba, khawāgah
21. Numbers.
Numbersa'dād
onewāḥed
twoetnīn
threetalātah
fourarba'ah
fivekhamsah
sixsittah
sevensab'ah
eighttemāniah
ninetis'ah
ten'ashrah
elevenḥadāsher
twelveetnāsher
thirteentalattāsher
fourteenarb'ātasher
fifteenkhamastāsher
sixteensittāsher
seventeensab'atāsher
eighteentemantāsher
nineteentis'atāsher
twenty'ashrīn
twenty-onewaḥed wa 'ashrīn
twenty-twoitnīn wa 'ashrīn
thirtytelātīn
fortyarba'īn
fiftykhamsīn
sixtysittīn
seventysab'īn
eightytemānīn
ninetytis'īn
a hundredmīyah (sometimes before a vowel, mīt)
101mīyah wa wahed
110mīyah wa 'ashrah
200mīteyn
300tultemīyah
400rub'amīyah
500khumsemīiyah
600sittemīyah
700sub'amīyah
800tumnemīyāh
900tis'amīyah
937tis'amiyah sab'a wa telātīn
a thousandelf
1,015elf wa khamastāsher
2,000elfeyn
10,000'ashrat elāf
30,000telātīn elf
100,000mīt elf
a millionmilyūn
22. Collective Numbers, etc.
Pairgōz, plu. agwāz
dozen, packetdastah -
oncemarrah wahidah, nōbah waḥidah
twicemarrateyn
singlefard, wāḥed
doublemigwiz
firstāuwal
secondtāni
thricetelāt marrāt
four timesarba' marrāt
five timeskhams (khamas) marrāt
a halfnuss, nusf
a thirdtult
a fourthrub'a
three-fourths
nuss wa rub'a
a fifthkhums
an eighthtumn
23. Colours.
Whitem. abiad, f. beyda
blackm. iswad, f. soda
brownm. asmar, f. samara
bluem. azraq, f. zerqa
sky coloursamawi
redm. ahmar, f. hamara
greenm. akhdar, f. khadara
greenishkhadrāwi, yiddi al khadār
yellowm. asfar, f. safara
greyazraq (also blue)
yellowishmissfirr
to make yellowsaffar
violetm. banafsig
indigom. nīlah
24. Adverbs, &c.
Above, upstairsfōq
afterba'd
afterwards, thenbādeyn
alwaysdāi y man, tamalli
at firstāuwalan
because'ala shān, li-an
beforeqodām
behindwara
by forcebil ghassb, bil gabr
downtaḥt
easilybi-rāḥah, bi-sohūlah
enoughkifāyah, bass, bi-ziādah
entirelybilkullīyah
falselybi-zūr
far offba'îd
gratis, for nothingballāsh
firstāuwel
herehena
home, housebeyt
in, there isfi
insidegūwa
instead ofbadal, gbeyr
justlybil ḥaqq
lastākhir
lastly, at lastakhīran
latewakhri, mot, akbar
longtawīl
near, close, sideganb
neverabadan
no
not yet, stilllissa
not-at-allmottláqan
nowdelwaqt
often, many timesmirāran, murrāt ketīr
only, enoughbass
outbarra
outsidebarra
particularlykhosūsan
perhapsyumkin
quickly, soon, immediatelyḥālan
quickly|bil 'agal, qawām
seldomfil nādir
slowlybi-shweysh, 'ala mahl, shuwāyyah
sokeda
sometimesba'd al ahyān
soonbād shwāi
stillbardu, lissā [(not yet)
therehenāk
thisdeh, da, di
to-dayen-nahār-deh
to-morrowbukra
to whom?li-mīn?
too, also, againkamān
undertaḥt
welcomeāhlan wa sāhlan or marhabba
whenlamma
when?imta?
whencemineyn
where?feyn?
where from?min eyn? min feyn?
where to?'ala feyn? lifeyn?
whomilli (=whom or which)
whose?bit'a mīn?
why?leyh? 'ala shān eyh ?
yesāywa, na'am
yesterdayembāreh
yetlissa
25. Adjectives.
Angryza'alān
awkward, stupidghashīm
badbattāl
beautiful, elegantgamīl, latīf
betteraḥsan
bittermurr
blinda'ama
broadarīd
civilm'arūf or sāhib adab
cleannadīf
clevershatīr
coldbard
coolbarīd
darkatmah
dearazīz, ḥabīb
dear (expensive)ghāli
deceitfulghashāsh
deepghawīt, wāti
delightfulyifrih, mufrih
difficultsa'ab
dirtywisekh
drynāshif
eldest (oldest)bakri
emptyfarigh, khali
falsekeddāab (kidb, a lie)
fatsamīn
filthywehesh
finegamīl
flatmastū, mebattat
fullmalyān
gladfarhān
goodtāyyib
greatazīm
happysa'īd
hard (not soft), drynāshif
hard (severe or cruel)qāsi
healthysālīm, sāgh sālīm, bis-sāha
heavyteqīl
high'ali
ill (sick)āyyān
impertinent (shameless)qalīl el hā-ya
largekebīr, 'azīm
lazykeslān
leannahīf
leastaqall
lessaqall
light (bright)nūr
light (not heavy)khafīf
little (small)soghāyyar
longtawīl
loud (high)'ali
lowwāti
mad, foolishmagnūn
narrowdāyyiq
nearqarīb
newgedīd
nicekwȳyīs, latīf
old managūz
old (ancient)qādīm, antīqa
openedmaftūḥ
politezarīf, latīf
poormeskīn, faqīr; plu. masakīn, foqara
proudmotakabbir
richghani
ripemistūwi
right (true)saḥīḥ
roundmedāuwar
satisfiedmabsūt, sheb'ān (satiated)
shadymuzallil or daffeh
sharp (having a keen edge)ḥād
sharp wordskalām qāsi
sharp (severe)qāsi
shortqussāyyar
soft (moist)tari
sour (acid)hāmed
squaremoruba'a
still, quietsākit
stronggāmid
stupid (ass)balīd (homār), balāwi
sweetḥelu
thicktekhīn
thinrofāyy'a, raqīq
tipsysakrān
tiredta'abān
tough (dry)yābis
truehaqīq, saḥīḥ, sadīq
unintelligiblemush mafhūm
unluckyma lūsh bakht
usefulnāfi'a
warmhāmi
weakdaīf
welltāyyib
wettari, mablūl
wickedsharīr
widewāasi'a, or was'a
wildwehesh, birri
wise (clever)'aqil (shātir)
worseal'an
worse and worseal'an wa al'an
wrong (mistaken)ghalat, ghaltān
youngsoghāyyar
younger (smaller)assghar
26. Conjunctions
Afterwardsba'deyn
after itb'adu
andwa
becauseli-an, 'alashān
butlākin, walākin
evenḥatta
for'ala shān
neither
norwa-lā
orwa-illa, walla
thatin
27. Prepositions.
Abovefōq
afterb'ad
roundhāuwaleyn
byb, be, wa
for'ala shān
frommin, 'an
inb, be, fl
of'an
on (upon)'ala
nearganb
to1, le
undertaḥt
withb, bi
28. Pronouns.
Singular.
Iana
thouinta (mas.), inti (fem.)
he, ithūwa
shehīyah
Plural.
Weehna
you, yeintum
theyhum, huma
Singular. (Suffixes.)
My——ī
thy——ak (mas.), ik (fem.)
his——u
her——ha
Plural (Suffixes.)
Our——na
your——kum
their——hum
Myself-
thyselfnafs-ak, zāt-ak
himselfnafs-u, zāt-u
herselfnafsi-ha, zātiha
ourselvesnafsi-na, zātina
yourselfnafs-ak, zāt-ak
yourselvesnafsi-kum, zāt-kum
themselvesnafsi-hum, zāt-hum
Singular.
Mine, or my ownbit'a-ī
thine, or thy ownbit'a-ak (m.), bitā-ik (f.)
his, or his ownbit'a-u
hers, or her ownbit'a-ha
Plural.
Ours, or our ownbit'a-na
yours, or your ownbit'a-kum
theirs, or their ownbit'a-hum
Relative.
Who, whom,that, which, whatilli.
Note.—Illi is the only Relative Pronoun used in conversational Arabic.
29. Interrogatives.
Who?min?
to whom?le-mīn?
which?'anhu?
what?eyh?
whose?bit'a-mīn?
why?leyh?
how (are you)?izzāy (ak)?
from memin-ni
from himmin-nu
from youmin-nak
30. Verbs.
To abandon[3]tarak
,, acceptqebel, 'imp. igbal
,, admireta'aggab
,, agree toittafaq 'ala
,, allowazan, samaḥ
,, alterghāyyar, imp ghāyyar
,, answergawab
,, appearzahar
,, arrivewasal
,, asksa,al imp. is,al
,, assistsa'ad
,, avoidigtanab, imp. igtanib
,, awakesehi, imp. is-ha
,, beatdarab imp. idrab
,, beginibtada, imp, ibtidi
,, believesadaq
,, bind (to tie)rabat imp, orbot
,, bite'add imp. 'odd
,, breakkassar
,, bringgāb imp. gīb
,, burnharaq, imp. ihraq
,, burydafan, imp. idfin
,, buyishtara, imp, ishtiri
,, callnada imp. inda
,, catchmesek imp. imsik
,, changeghāyyar
,, change moneysaraf, imp. isrif
,, cheat, defraud.ikhtalas
,, cleannaddar, imp. naddaf
,, comegeh, gā; imp. ta'ala
,, consultshāwar, imp. shāwir
to conveynaqal
,, cooktabakh, imp. ithokh
,, count'add, ḥasab
,, cutqat'a, imp. iqt'a
,, deceiveghashsh
,, deliversallam
,, denyankar, gahad
,, dreamhelem
,, dresslebes, imp. ilbis
,, drinkshereb, imp. ishrab
,, drive outtarad
,, eatākal, imp. kol
,, examinefaḥas
,, excavatefahat, imp. ifhat
,, excusesamah
,, explainwaddah, imp. waddah
,, feedwakkal, imp. wakkil
,, fetchgāb, imp. gib
,, findiltaqa, wagad
,, forgetnessi
,, get upqām, imp. qūm
,, give'ata, idda ; imp. iddi
,, gorah, imp. ruh
,, go on footraḥ māshi
,, go on horsebackraḥ rākib
,, go outkharag
,, governḥakam
,, greasedahan
,, hang (suspend)āllaq, imp. āllaq
,, happenḥasal, ittafaq
I haveana 'andi
he hashuwa 'andu
she hashiyah 'andiha
we haveeḥna 'andena
you haveintum 'andikum
they havehumma 'andihum
to hearsama'a, imp. isma'a
,, helpsa'ad, imp. sa'id
,, hidekhabba, imp. khabbi
,, hireaggar
,, hurryist 'agel
to jumpnatt, imp. nott
,, killkatal, imp. iktil
,, kissbas, imp. buss
,, knockkbabat, imp. ikbbat
,, knowa'araf
,, laughdcḥek, imp. idhak
,, leapnatt, imp. nott
,, learnta'allam, imp. ita'allim
,, lendsallaf
,, let alonekhalla, imp. khalli
,, lie downraqad, itsattah; imp. orqod, itsattah ; (sleep) nām, nūm
,, lookshāf, imp. shāf
,, make'amal, imp. 'amil
,, meetsādaf
,, mendsallaḥ, imp. sallaḥ
,, mentionzakar,imp. ozkur
,, obeytāwa'a, imp. tāw'ī
,, object'iatarad
,, oblige (favour)āmal ma'arūf
,, obtainta-ḥassal 'ala
,, offend (anger)aghdab
,, offerqaddam, imp. qaddim
,, openfataḥ, imp. iftaḥ
,, opposeqāwam
,, orderamar
,, paydaf'a, imp. idf'a
,, proceedtaqaddam
,, promise (gave word)wa'ād (idda qōl)
,, pronouncelafaz, imp. olfoz
,, pullsbadd, garr; imp. shidd, gurr
,, puthatt, imp. hott
,, readqara, imp. iqra
,, receiveistalam, imp. istilim
,, remembertazakkar, imp. itzakkar
,, remindzakkar, fakkar
,, repairsallaḥ, 'ammar
,, repeatkerrar
,, return (come or go back)rag'a, imp. irg'a
,, return (give back)ragg'a, imp. ragg'a
,, riderekeb, imp. irkab
to riseqāam, imp. qūm
,, rubda'ak, imp. ida'ak
,, rungeri, imp. igri
,, run awayḥarab, imp. iḥrab
,, sayqāl, imp. qul
,, seeshāf, imp. shūf
,, seizemesek, imp. imsek
,, sellbā'a
,, selectintakhab, akbtār; imp. intakhib, ikhtar
,, sendba,at, imp. ib,at
,, sendback ragg'a, imp. ragg'a
,, setḥatt, wada; imp. ḥott, ūda
,, shootasstād, darab bundoqīeh, darab rusāsah (bullet)
,, showwarra
,, smellshamm, imp. shimm
,, smoke (tobacco)sharab dokhān, imp. ishrab dokhān
,, speaktakallam, imp. itkallim
,, spoilkhassar, talaf, atlaf
,, standweqef, imp. uqaf
,, starvemāt min el gū'a, māt bil gū'a
,, stayfedel, isstanna
,, stealsaraq, imp. issraq
,, studyta'allam
,, suffertaḥammal
,, suggestashār
,, swallowbalā, imp. iblā
,, swearḥelef, imp. iḥlif
,, swim'am, imp. 'um
,, takeakhad, imp. khud
,, tastezāq, imp. zuq
,, teach'allam, imp. 'allim
,, tearsharmat, imp. sharmat
,, tellqal, imp. qui
,, thankshakar, imp. oshkor
,, thinkzann, iftakar
,, throw awayrama, imp. ermi
,, translatetargam, imp. targim
to travelsafar
,, treaddāss, imp. doss
,, turn (round)dāauwar, imp. dāuwar
,, understandfehem
,, upsetqalab, imp. iqlib
,, useist'amal, imp. ist'amil
,, waitistanna, imp. istanna
,, walkmeshi, imp. imshi
,, wantaḥtag
,, warmsakhkhan, daffa; imp. sakhkhan, daffi
,, warnnassaḥ, imp. insah
,, washghasal, imp. ighsil
,, watchghaffar, ḥarass; imp, oghfor, ohross
,, water (horses)saqa
,, wetball, imp. bill
,, whipdarab, imp. iddrab
,, whisperwashwash, imp. washwish
,, winghalab
,, wipenasshef, masah; imp. nasshif, imsaḥ
,, wisharad
,, workishtaghal, imp. ishtaghal
,, woundgaraḥ
,, worship'ābad, imp. 'ibid
,, wraplaff, imp. liff
,, writekatab, imp. iktib
,, yield one's-self upsalara
31. The Government Ministries and Administrations.
Department of the Household of H.H.the Khediveed dā,irah el khassa
Financeel malīeh
Foreign Officeel khargīeh
Interiored dakhlīeh
Justiceel ḥaqqanīeh
Public Worksel ashgāl el 'umumīeh
Public Instructionel ma'arif el 'umumīeh
War Officeel ḥarbīeh, diwān el geḥadīeh
Public Health Departmentmaslahat es siḥa el 'umumīeh
Police Departmentmaslahat el bolīs
Prison Departmentmaslahat es sugūn
Department of the Suppression of Slaverymaslahat man'a tigāret er raqīq or qalam el raqīq
Office of the Inspector - General of Irrigationtaftīsh 'uinūm er rā,i
Railway Administrationmaslabat es sikkat el ḥadīd
Nile Steamers Servicemaslahat waburāt en nil
Public Debt Officesandūq ed deyn el 'umūmi
Customs Departmentidārat 'umūm el gamārik
Coast Guard Servicemaslahat ghafar es sawāhil
Post Administrationidārat 'umūm el bosta
Postal Servicebarīd
Native Courtsel maḥākim el ahlīeh
Court of First Instanceel maḥkamat el ibtidaīeh (maḥkamat āuwel daragah)
Court of Appealmaḥkamat el ist'īnaf
Quarantine Boardmaslaḥat es siḥa el baḥrīeh wal karantīnāt
Municipal Councilel komisyon el baladi
32. [4]Military Titles.
Private nafar
bugler; drummerburūgi; tabbāl, trombetgi
farrierbeytār
trumpetertrombetgi, burūgi
lance-corporalwakīl onbāshi
corporalonbāshi
sergeantshaweysh
sergeant-majorbash shaweysh
quarter-master sergeantbuluk amīn
adjutant-majorsaghkolaghāsi
chief clerkbash kātib
warrant officersōl
sub-lieutenantmulāzim tāni
lieutenantmulāzim āuwel
captainyuzbāshi
majorbinbāshi
lieutenant-colonelqāimaqām
colonelmiralāi
brigadier-generallewa
lieutenant-generalfarīk
field-marshalmushīr
doctorḥakīm, plu. ḥukama
surgeonḥakīm, plu. ḥukama
paymaster (treasurer)khiznidār, sarrāf
adjutantmo'awin, plu. mo'awnīn
commanding officerhukumdār, komandān
commandanthukumdār, komandān
chief-of-the-staffrā,is arkān el ḥarb
field-officerzābit 'azīm
general officerzābit karīm
staff-officerzābit arkān el ḥarb
brigade-majorarkān ḥarb el lewa
commander-in-chiefsirdar
His Excellency (address of a field-marshal)dāulátlu
Your Excellencysa 'adétkum
33. [5]Naval and Military Terms.
Together with useful Words for all Banks.
Absence (leave of)agāzah
accoutrementsmeheymāt
acquittaltabrīah
admiralamīr el bāhr
advanceīlaréy
advance (to)taqaddam
advanced guardbashdār
,,partygemā'ah muteqaddamah
,, postnuqtah muteqaddamah
alarm postnuqtat el kabsah
alertházir ol
ambulanceshefakhānah
ammunitiongabakhānah, zakhīrah
ammunition pouchkaffah
ammunition wagon'arabīet el gabakhānah
anchormirsāh
anchoragemarsa
armisticematārakah, hudnah
armourertufekgi [pronounce tufenkshi)
armsasliḥa
armygeysh, 'askar
army-corpsfirkah
army order'amr 'askari
arrownibl, sahm
arsenaltubkhānah
artillerytubgīeh
as you were!
yárina!
attackhugūm, mukagamah
,,,form forhugūma (teshkil ol)
,,, falsehugum kāzib
,, , flankhugūm 'ala el gamb
,, , fronthugūum 'ala el muwágahah
,, , 1st line ofāuwel kbatt el hūgum
,, , 2nd line oftāni khatt el hugūm
attention!zinhār
axleqotb
backsightnishangah
badges'alāmāt er rutab
bandmuslkah
barrackqishlaq
baseasās
battalionorta, plu. orat
battery (field)batarīeh (māidān)
battlewaq'ah
bayonetsinga (Turkish sungi)
bayonets, fixsǘngey dik
,,unfixsúngey inder
beltqāyish, hizām
binocularsnadārah
bit (for horse)fekk, ligām
bivouac (to)bāyit bidūn khiyām
blackingbōyah
bombbombah
bombard (to)darab bil bomb
booty ghanīmah
bootgezmah
breadth'ard
breastbandsinaband
bribebartīl, rashwah
bridleligām, plu. ālgima
brigadelewa
broadarīd
buglebūri
,,soundnōbah
bulletrusāsah
by the right, left, centresaghdá, soldá, wasátda
camelgamal, plu. gimāl; f. nāqa
camel's riding-saddlemakhlūfah, gabīt
camel for ridinghegīn
campmmu'askar, urdī
camp kettleqazān
cannon, gunmadf'a
capture (to)asar
carriage wheel'agalah
cartridgekartūsh, fishenk
,,, blankfishenk (fārigh)
cavalrysuwāri, khiyālah
cavalry walksīr el ashkīn
,, trotsīr el gār
,,, prepare for!sawāri karshu dāuwarān!
cease fire!nōbet ateshi kās!
certificateshehādah, plu. shehādāt, or tazkārah
certificate of dischargeraftīeh
chainsilsilah, plu. salásil, zingīr
change of fronttaghyīr el ittigāh, tabdīl hāiya
,,,, positiontaghyīr el wad'a, tabdīl yeri
charge, prepare tohugūma házir ol
charge!hugūm!
cholerakoléra
closeyaklasheyn
commencefiring bashlana atésh
companybuluk
,,, halfyārim buluk
,,, doublebuluk muzdāwig
cloak'abāyah, kabud
colours of a regimentbeyraq
columnorda, kōl
,, of building'amū, plu. 'imdān
column, closekōl mutaqārib
,,, doubleshift kōl
,,, halfyārim kōl
,,, line of—stābūr kōlah
,,, mass of—smagmū'a kōlāt
,,of divisionssinfja kōl
,,of routekōl es seyr
,,of sub-divivisionstobja kōl
,,, quarterdar-kōl
combatantmuḥārib
,,,non-gheyr muḥārib
commandḥukumdārīeh
,,, words ofnida
commissariatkism et t'ayināt
compassesbargal, ibrat
cooktabbākh
court-martialmeglis 'askari
,,,,, district,,,,markázi
,,,,, general,,,,'aāli
,,,,, proceedings ofigra,āt el meglis el 'askari
,,,,, regimentalmeglis 'askari alāyi
,,,,, summary,,,,waqti
court of inquirymeglis et taḥqīq
confined to barracksmaḥgūz bil qishlāq
conductsolūk, māshi
connecting filekhabardār
countersignparōlah
couragegarāah
crewnāutīeh
crupperkafal
cut (wound)garḥ, plu. gorūḥ
daggerkhangar, plu. khanagir
decisionqarār
defaultermuznib maḥgūz
defaulter's bookdaftar ez zunub
defaulter's drillta'alīm el muznibīn
defencemudāf'a
defiledarband
deploymentfatḥ
depotasās
deserterḥārib, ḥarbān
detached fileqatar munfásil
detachmentsarīyah
diarrhoeais-hāl, līn
diary, journaldaftar yōmīeh
disciplinezabt va rabt
disembarkationnuzūl min el markab
dismiss (to, from service)raft
,,(off parade)'amal dastūr
dismount!yerra in!
divisionfirqah
dockyardtersānah
don't move!ma taharraksh!
double march!ziāda sora'átteh marsh
dresshizāya
drillta'alīm
,,, aiming,, sībiyeh
,, orderhāiat et ta'alīm
,,, positionta'alīm el qiyām
,,, preliminaryta'alīm ibtidā-i
,,, setting-upta'alīm talyīn el 'ada
driver'arbági
driver of pack animalstarrās
drum;—(big)trombeytah; tablah
drunksakrān
dutieswāgibāt
duty (on)nobetji (pronounce nobátshi)
dysenterydusuntārīeh
ease, march atyolga
,,, stand atyarinda safa
echelontadrīg
embarkationnuzūl fil baḥr
encampmentmu'askar
enemydushman, 'adu
engagement qitāl
engineermuhándis
enlistment iktitāb
entrenchmentdirwah
equipmentmeheymat
escortḥaras
examinationimtiḥān
exercise, bayonet sungi ta'alīm
,,,firingatesh ta'alīm
,,,manualaning silah isti'amāli
,,,reviewmaḥarān sungi ta'alīm
,,, rifleta'allm el bunduqieh
,,, shelter-trenchta'alīm 'amal ed dirwah wal khandaq
expedition (military) safarīeh
extendnōbet achileyn
fall in!sagha bak! (Turkish, look to your right!)
farrierbeytār
fatiguetulbah
,, party tulbah
field-dayyom māidan
,, -exercisesta'alīmāt 'askarīeh
,, -glassnaddārah māidān
field-gunmadf'a urdi, māīdan
field-hospitaltālja naqqāli,isbitalia māidān
field officerzābit 'azīm
fileqatar
,, , blankqatar fārigh
,, , connectingkhabardār
,, , evenqatar shift
,, , leadingqatar amami
,, , oddqatar fardi
,, , in singlefardán fardán, bir-eyr bir-eyr
firenār
fire! atesh!
flagsanjak, beyraq, 'alam
flank gamb, gāanib
flank, directinggamb samt et tawaggah
,,, innerel gamb ed dākhil
,,, leftel gamb esh shemal
,,, outerel gamb el khārig
flank, reverseel gamb el mun 'ākis
,, , rightel gamb el mun 'ākis
flankerganbdar
fleetdunanmah
foot-soldier'askari
forage'alīq
foresight (gun)zīh
,,(rifle)dibbānah
formationtashkīl
fort, fortresstābiya, qal'ah, husn
fortify (to)istaḥkam
fortress wallsūr el qal'ah
forward!li qodam!
form fours!durdeyr!
from the right, left, centresaghdān, soldān, wasátdān
frontqodām
front form!tábra!
front rankes saff el āuwel
funeralginnāzah
furloughrukhset ghiyāb, agāzab
gaiterstuzluq
gallopramah, durtna'l
garrisonhāmiyeh
general (s.)basha
girdlehizām
girthhizām, sherīhah
glovealdiwān
governmentḥukūmah
governorḥākim, mihāfi
grave (s.)kabr, torbah
great-coatkabbūd
groom (brush a horse)timār
groups, formgem'átcha (ol)
guard, escortharas
,,(of soldiers)ghafar
,,(advanced)bashdār
,,(rear)dimdār
guard turn inkarakól dastūr
,,turn outkarakól sitāh
gun (musket)bunduqīeh
gun-carriagegundāq, 'arabīyet el madf'a
gunnertubgi
gun-powderbarud
half-columnyārim kōl
,, companysinf
,, section (cavalry)yarimsinf
halt!oqaf! dur!
halt at noon (to)gāyyel (Ar.)
halt for the night (to)bāyyet (Ar.)
halterrashm
hay (chopped straw)dirīs (tibn)
head-quartersel markaz, el komandanīeh
helmettāsāh
horsehosān, plu. kheyl
,,(a brown)hosān asmar
,,(a dark grey) hosān singābi
horse-brushforshah timār
,,clothfūtah timār
horse's hoofhāfir
,,manema'arafa
,,shoena'al
,,taildeyl
hospitalisbitālia
hutzimlik
imprisonmenthabs
incline!mā,ilan!
independent firingnōbet atesh
infantrybiyādah
,,,mounted biyādah rāakibah
inspection paradetabūr teftīsh
instructorta'alīmgi
insubordination'adam el inqiyād
Intelligence Departmentqalam el mukhābarat
intervalfasil
intoxicatedsākran
intrench (to)istaḥkam
in which direction?ila eyn?
in what strength?bi kām min 'asākīr?
ironcladmerkab ḥadīd
judgeqādi
killedmaktūl
knapsackgarabandīeh
laddersillim
lance, spearmizrāq, ḥarbah
lanternfanūs, plu. fawānīs
lanyardhabl el kabsul
lashingfilāsah
latrineadabkhānah
lay down your arms!irmi silāḥak!
leave of absenceagāzah, izn
leftsōla
lie downnām (Ar.), yāt (Tur.)
linetābūr, hiza
,, of columns{alāya kōla
,, ,, communicationskhatt el muwāsilah
,, ,, fireittigāh er rami
,, ,, operationskhatt el harak
,, ,, retreatkhatt er rugū'a
,, ,, sightkhatt en nāzer
main-bodyasās
manœuvremunāura
mapkhartah
march!marsh!
marksmannashāangi
marquee tentmarkuwis
military policebolīs 'askari
,, service'askarīeh
minelughum
mortarhāawun
move a little to the rearta,akhar shuwāyah li wara
move forward!imshi! yallah!
musketrydarb en nār
,,instructionta'alīm darb en nār
musterta'adad
mutiny 'asayān
muzzle (of a gun)fumm
nose-bagmikhlat 'alīq, mikblah
occupy (to)iḥtall
officerzābit, plu. zubāt
officer's undresslibs yōmi
ophthalmiaramad
order (command)'amr, plu. 'awamir
order armsrahāt dor
orderly (on duty)nobetji (pronounce nobátshi)
outpostkarakōl-khārigi
outworksistaḥkāmat amāmīeh
pacekhátwah, plu. khatāwi
packet of ammunitiondāsta, plu. asdās
parade;—, totābur; istaff tābūr
parapetkhatt en-nar
passtazkārat morūr
patroltof
pay, salarymahīyah
peacesulḥ
picketkarakōl
pistoltabangah, ferd
planmasqat
pontoonma' bar
postnuqtah
prepare to mountbin meya házir ol
,,to dismountyerra in házir ol
present armssalām dor
,, (in firing)nishān
prisonsign, ḥabs
prisoner (in guard-room)mahbūs
,,of warasīr
promotiontarqīeh
punishmentgiza
quartersqishlāq
quick marchsora'atleh marsh
,,,, , doubleziāda sora'atleh marsh
quickly! (with wheels)bil'agal!
quininekinīn
rangernasāfah, si'at er rami
,,findertīlīmetr
rank (in army)rutbah
,,(line of men)saff
rank and fileanfār es saff
rank—front, reares saff el āuwel, tāni
rationsgirāyah, t'ayīn, t'ayīnāt
readydoldor
ready (in firing)hāder (Ar.)
reargíria
rear form!,,tábra
reconnaissanceistikshāf
recruit'askari mustegidd
redoubthisn, tābiyah
regimentalāi
regulationsqawanīn
reinforcementtaqwīa (Ar.)
reinssurū'a, plu. asr'a
relief (change)ghiyār
reporttaqrīr
reservesihlīyatīa
retire (to)ta,akhar
retire!gíria!
retreat (to)takahkar
riflebunduqīeh
riflemansheshkhānah
riflingsheshkhānah
rise!qum (Ar.); kalk (Tur.)
rush!īgri (Ar.)
sackkīs
saddle (camel)ghabīt, makhlūfab, iddah
,,(for a horse)serg, plu. surug
saddlerserūgi
salutesalām
sapperbaltaggi
scoutskashāfa
sectionsinf, plu. asnāf
semaphoresamafōr
sentrydidebān, gbafīr, plu. ghufara
shelldānah
ship-of-warmarkab ḥarb
shot (cannon ball)gullah
sight of a gunkumhah
signal; signallerisharah; ishāragi
,,partygemā'at el ishārah
skirmish (to)tasharkhag
skirmishersharkhaggi
slowly!'ala mahlak!
small shotrush
snafflekantarmah
soldiergindi, plu, ganādi, 'askari
spurmamūuz, plu. mahmīz
spygāsūs, basās
squadronorta sawāri
squareqal 'ah
stableisstabl, plu. isstablāt
staff (military)arkān harb
stallakhūr
stirruprikāb, plu. rikabāt
supportimdād
surrender (to)sallam, imp. sallim
,, upon terms (to)sallam bi-shurūt
swordseyf
targettákhtah
tattoonōbet tamām
telescopedūrbīn, nadārah
tentkheymah, plu. khiyām
tent-pegwatad, plu. āutād
theftserīqah
to the rightīla el yamīn
to the leftīla esh shimāl
to the rearīla el khalf
transferintiqāl
transporthamlah
trenches, rampart, redoubtmitrās
troops'asāakir
,,(regular)nizām
,,(reserve)redif
trotel gār
trumpetbūri
tunicsitrah
undress (daily dress)el libs el yōmi
uniformkiswah
valisegarabandīeh sawāri
vedettedidebān sawāri
veterinary surgeonhakīm beytari
victoryzafar, intisār
volley firingtabūr atesh
walk (at a horse's)ashkīn
warḥarb
water-bottlezamzamīeh
wheel, right—leftsaghyāna—solyāna—katar
wheelingdāuarān
wing, left—rightsōl-kōl—sagh-kōl
woundedmagrūḥ, niabtūḥ
wound in the head (contusion)batḥ
34. Commercial and Trading Terms.
Balebālah
bankbank
basalthagar iswad
buy (to)ishtara
calicobaftah, shāsh
capitalrās el-māl
chips (rough stone)dabsh
counting-housemaktab
credit (on)shukuk
debtdeyn
flintsowān
granitehagar sowān
gravelhaswah
leathergild
letter of exchangehawāalah, kambiālah
limestonehagar abiad, or hagar gīr
linenquttān
loansulfah
losskhasārah
merchanttāgir
mudtīn
packagefardah
pay to—daf'a—, wafa—
per cent.bil mīyah
profitfāyidah, maksab
sandrami
sandstonehagar ramleh
sell (to)ba'a
silkḥarīr
weightwazn, tuql
woolsūf
35. Religious Words for Missionary Workers.
Jesus Christyasū'a cl inasīḥ
lifeḥāyat
deathmōt
right (justice)ḥaqq
wrong (mistake)ghalat
praiseḥamd
spiritrūh
heavensama
peacesalam
heartqalb
mind'aql
lovemaḥabbah
faithemām
believeaman
prayer (pray)sāla (salla)
hoperaja
whosoevermīn
giveiddī
receiveqabal
everlastingabadi
lost (lose)mafqūd
diedmāt
substitutenāyib
instead ofbedel 'an
blooddam
forgivenesssimāḥ
forgivesāmaḥ
sinskhatāyā
trusttiqa
enter indakhal
salvationkhalās
holy spiriter rūḥ el quds
holinessqadāsah
obeyt'au
cleannadīf
thoughtsafkār
wordskalimāt
seek (ask for)otlob
gladnessinbisāt
  1. The Egyptians formerly employed the Coptic (ancient Egyptian) names of the solar months. The European names, as given above, are in general use now, concurrently with the Coptic, which are retained for agricultural purposes.
  2. The h is a ha, but pronounced like hay
  3. Note.—Literally—"He abandoned," third person singular, past tense, indicative mood. All the verbs in this list are expressed in same manner, that being regarded in Arabic as the root of the verb. But the imperatives are mostly added here, as being the most requisite form. The past participle is formed by prefixing ma—, matruk, abandoned.
  4. Mostly Turkish.
  5. Including some Turkish words of command, &c.
Last edited on 1 July 2015, at 08:59
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