φάος - Wiktionary
φάος
Ancient Greek
Alternative forms
Etymology
From Proto-Hellenic *pʰáos, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰéh₂os, from *bʰeh₂- (“shine”). Compare φαεινός (phaeinós), φάω (pháō), and φαίνω (phaínō). Cognates include Latin iubar(“radiance, light”); Sanskrit भास् (bhās, “light, brilliance”) and भास (bhāsa, “luster, light”); and Old English basu (“purple”).
Pronunciation
 
Noun
φάος (pháos) n (genitive φᾰ́εος); third declension
  1. light, especially daylight
    Homer, Odyssey 23.371
    1. the light of a torch, fire, a light
    2. of the light or time of day
  2. (poetic) the life of men
  3. a day
    Euripides, Rhesus 447
  4. the light of the eyes
    Pindar, Nemean Ode 10.75
  5. a window
    Plutarch, Moralia 2.515B
  6. (figuratively or poetic) delight, deliverance, happiness, victory, glory, etc.
  7. the dark ring around the nipple, areola
    Pollux, Onomasticon 2.163
Inflection
Third declension of τὸ φᾰ́ος; τοῦ φᾰ́εος (Attic)
Case / #SingularDualPlural
Nominativeτὸ φᾰ́ος
tò pháos
τὼ φᾰ́εε
tṑ pháee
τᾰ̀ φᾰ́εᾰ
tà pháea
Genitiveτοῦ φᾰ́εος
toû pháeos
τοῖν φᾰέοιν
toîn phaéoin
τῶν φᾰέων
tôn phaéōn
Dativeτῷ φᾰ́εῐ̈
tôi pháeï
τοῖν φᾰέοιν
toîn phaéoin
τοῖς φᾰ́εσῐ / φᾰ́εσῐν
toîs pháesi(n)
Accusativeτὸ φᾰ́ος
tò pháos
τὼ φᾰ́εε
tṑ pháee
τᾰ̀ φᾰ́εᾰ
tà pháea
Vocativeφᾰ́ος
pháos
φᾰ́εε
pháee
φᾰ́εᾰ
pháea
Notes:
This table gives Attic inflectional endings. For declension in other dialects, see Appendix:Ancient Greek dialectal declension.
Derived terms
-φαής (-phaḗs)
References
Last edited on 24 October 2020, at 05:49
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