Habitability: Difference between revisions
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 * must be heated in the winter months (typically between October 1 and May 31 in the [[Northeastern United States]])<ref>In New York, see N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law § 79.</ref> * must be heated in the winter months (typically between October 1 and May 31 in the [[Northeastern United States]])<ref>In New York, see N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law § 79.</ref>
 * must not be infested with [[vermin]], roaches, termites, or [[mold]]<ref>[http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3898/is_200406/ai_n9435714 Mold in condominium: Negligent maintenance: Breach of warranty of habitability: Settlement: Verdict | Law Reporter | Find Articles at BNET.com<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> * must not be infested with [[vermin]], roaches, termites, or [[mold]]<ref>[http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3898/is_200406/ai_n9435714 Mold in condominium: Negligent maintenance: Breach of warranty of habitability: Settlement: Verdict | Law Reporter | Find Articles at BNET.com<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>
* requires the landlord to stop other tenants from making too much noise (as measured by the [[decibel]] scale), [[second-hand smoke]],<ref>​[​http://ganshore.com/news10-06.html​]​</ref> or from selling [[narcotics]]+* requires the landlord to stop other tenants from making too much noise (as measured by the [[decibel]] scale), [[second-hand smoke]],<ref>{{cite web |url=​http://ganshore.com/news10-06.html |title=Archived copy |accessdate=2007-05-02 |deadurl=yes |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20070928142609/http://ganshore.com/news10-06.html |archivedate=2007-09-28 |df= }}</ref> or from selling [[narcotics]]
 * must provide [[potable water]] * must provide [[potable water]]
 * each [[jurisdiction]] may have various rules.<ref>[http://www.tenant.net/Other_Areas/Penn/lvls/llt4wh.html Pennsylvania]</ref><ref>[http://www.allbusiness.com/legal/contracts-agreements-real-estate/4094-1.html generally, United States]</ref><ref>[http://www.dca.ca.gov/publications/landlordbook/problems.shtml California]</ref><ref>[https://www.jstor.org/stable/1371688 District of Columbia]</ref><ref>[http://www.dhca.state.vt.us/Housing/Rules/Part%20III%20Habitability.pdf Vermont (form).]</ref><ref>[http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth97278/m3/11/high_res_d/adopted/10.COMMUNITY%20DEVELOPMENT.html TITLE 10.COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT Part 7. TEXAS RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION COMMISSION Chapter 304. WARRANTIES AND BUILDING AND PERFORMANCE STANDARDS] Texas Residential Construction Commission</ref><ref>[http://foreclosuresmass.com/help/view/glossary/termid/501 Massachusetts]</ref> * each [[jurisdiction]] may have various rules.<ref>[http://www.tenant.net/Other_Areas/Penn/lvls/llt4wh.html Pennsylvania]</ref><ref>[http://www.allbusiness.com/legal/contracts-agreements-real-estate/4094-1.html generally, United States]</ref><ref>[http://www.dca.ca.gov/publications/landlordbook/problems.shtml California]</ref><ref>[https://www.jstor.org/stable/1371688 District of Columbia]</ref><ref>[http://www.dhca.state.vt.us/Housing/Rules/Part%20III%20Habitability.pdf Vermont (form).]</ref><ref>[http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth97278/m3/11/high_res_d/adopted/10.COMMUNITY%20DEVELOPMENT.html TITLE 10.COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT Part 7. TEXAS RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION COMMISSION Chapter 304. WARRANTIES AND BUILDING AND PERFORMANCE STANDARDS] Texas Residential Construction Commission</ref><ref>[http://foreclosuresmass.com/help/view/glossary/termid/501 Massachusetts]</ref>
  
 ==New York law== ==New York law==
Some states, such as [[New York (state)|New York]], have given additional statutory protections in addition to those created by [[caselaw]].<ref>See [http://www.oag.state.ny.us/realestate/habitability.html N.Y. Attorney General's Website], [[q.v.]], and in External sources.</ref> These statutes include:+Some states, such as [[New York (state)|New York]], have given additional statutory protections in addition to those created by [[caselaw]].<ref>See [http://www.oag.state.ny.us/realestate/habitability.html N.Y. Attorney General's Website] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070312162610/http://www.oag.state.ny.us/realestate/habitability.html |date=2007-03-12 }}, [[q.v.]], and in External sources.</ref> These statutes include:
 # Lobby attendant service by a [[concierge]] or landlord <ref>N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law §50-c</ref> # Lobby attendant service by a [[concierge]] or landlord <ref>N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law §50-c</ref>
 # Elevator mirrors <ref>N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law §51-b; NYC Admin. Code §27-2042</ref> # Elevator mirrors <ref>N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law §51-b; NYC Admin. Code §27-2042</ref>
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 ==Consequences== ==Consequences==
Violation of the warranty of habitability results in [[constructive eviction]], whereby the [[landlord]] or [[wikt:Special:Search/lessor|lessor]] has, in effect, evicted the [[leasehold estate|tenant]] or [[lessee]].<ref>[http://www.nolo.com/dictionary/constructive-eviction-term.html Constructive Eviction] [https://web.archive.org/web/20060519034219/http://www.nolo.com/definition.cfm/term/458FB18C-EC71-46F1-AAC9A2B083302857 archive]</ref> The tenant may remedy the problem,<ref>See N.Y. Real Property Law §235-b.</ref><ref>[http://www.tenant.net/Other_Areas/Penn/lvls/llt4wh.html Warranty of Habitability (rev 7/96)<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> or complain to local government authorities for remedies.<ref>N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law (MDL) §78 and §80; Multiple Residence Law (MRL) §174. (Note: The MDL applies to cities with a population of 325,000 or more and the MRL applies to cities with less than 325,000 and to all towns and villages; from [http://www.oag.state.ny.us/realestate/habitability.html N.Y. Attorney General's Website].</ref>+Violation of the warranty of habitability results in [[constructive eviction]], whereby the [[landlord]] or [[wikt:Special:Search/lessor|lessor]] has, in effect, evicted the [[leasehold estate|tenant]] or [[lessee]].<ref>[http://www.nolo.com/dictionary/constructive-eviction-term.html Constructive Eviction] [https://web.archive.org/web/20060519034219/http://www.nolo.com/definition.cfm/term/458FB18C-EC71-46F1-AAC9A2B083302857 archive]</ref> The tenant may remedy the problem,<ref>See N.Y. Real Property Law §235-b.</ref><ref>[http://www.tenant.net/Other_Areas/Penn/lvls/llt4wh.html Warranty of Habitability (rev 7/96)<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> or complain to local government authorities for remedies.<ref>N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law (MDL) §78 and §80; Multiple Residence Law (MRL) §174. (Note: The MDL applies to cities with a population of 325,000 or more and the MRL applies to cities with less than 325,000 and to all towns and villages; from [http://www.oag.state.ny.us/realestate/habitability.html N.Y. Attorney General's Website] {{webarchive|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070312162610/http://www.oag.state.ny.us/realestate/habitability.html |date=2007-03-12 }}.</ref>
  
 ==See also== ==See also==
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 ==External links== ==External links==
 * [http://www.nyevictiononline.com Evicting Tenants in New York] * [http://www.nyevictiononline.com Evicting Tenants in New York]
* [http://www.oag.state.ny.us/realestate/habitability.html The Attorney General of the State of New York's page]+* [​https://web.archive.org/web/20070312162610/​http://www.oag.state.ny.us/realestate/habitability.html The Attorney General of the State of New York's page]
 * [http://www.tenant.net/Other_Areas/Penn/lvls/llt4wh.html Tenant's rights] * [http://www.tenant.net/Other_Areas/Penn/lvls/llt4wh.html Tenant's rights]
 * [http://www.tenant.net/Other_Areas/Penn/lvls/llt4wh.html Pennsylvania law - Lehigh Valley Legal Services] * [http://www.tenant.net/Other_Areas/Penn/lvls/llt4wh.html Pennsylvania law - Lehigh Valley Legal Services]
Revision as of 17:15, 27 October 2017
For habitability of planets, see Planetary habitability​. For habitability of planet systems, see Habitable zone.
"Living conditions" redirects here. For the philosophical concept, see quality of life. For the Buffy the Vampire Slayer episode, see Living Conditions​.
Habitability is the conformance of a residence or abode to the implied warranty of habitability. A residence that complies is said to be habitable​. It is an implied warranty or contract, meaning it does not have to be an express contract, covenant​, or provision of a contract. It is a common law right of a tenant or legal doctrine​.​[1]
In order to be habitable, such housing usually:
Contents
1New York law
2Consequences
3See also
4References
5External links
New York law
Some states, such as New York, have given additional statutory protections in addition to those created by caselaw​.​[12] These statutes include:
  1. Lobby attendant service by a concierge or landlord [13]
  2. Elevator mirrors [14]
  3. Smoke detectors​[15]
  4. Window guards​[16]
  5. Intercoms and self-locking doors[17]
  6. Protection from lead paint [18]
Consequences
Violation of the warranty of habitability results in constructive eviction, whereby the landlord or lessor has, in effect, evicted the tenant or lessee​.​[19] The tenant may remedy the problem,​[20]​[21] or complain to local government authorities for remedies.​[22]
See also
References
  1. ^ Nolo
  2. ^ In New York, see N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law § 79.
  3. ^ Mold in condominium: Negligent maintenance: Breach of warranty of habitability: Settlement: Verdict | Law Reporter | Find Articles at BNET.com
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28​. Retrieved 2007-05-02​.​Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (​|url-status= suggested) (help)
  5. ^ Pennsylvania
  6. ^ generally, United States
  7. ^ California
  8. ^ District of Columbia
  9. ^ Vermont (form).
  10. ^ TITLE 10.COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT Part 7. TEXAS RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION COMMISSION Chapter 304. WARRANTIES AND BUILDING AND PERFORMANCE STANDARDS Texas Residential Construction Commission
  11. ^ Massachusetts
  12. ^ See N.Y. Attorney General's Website​Archived 2007-03-12 at the Wayback Machine, q.v., and in External sources.
  13. ^ N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law §50-c
  14. ^ N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law §51-b; NYC Admin. Code §27-2042
  15. ^ N.Y. Multiple Residence Law §15; Buffalo Code Ch. 395; NYC Admin. Code §27-2045, §27-2046
  16. ^ NYC Health Code §131.15
  17. ^ N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law §50-a
  18. ^ NYC Health Code §173.14;
  19. ^ Constructive Eviction archive
  20. ^ See N.Y. Real Property Law §235-b.
  21. ^ Warranty of Habitability (rev 7/96)
  22. ^ N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law (MDL) §78 and §80; Multiple Residence Law (MRL) §174. (Note: The MDL applies to cities with a population of 325,000 or more and the MRL applies to cities with less than 325,000 and to all towns and villages; from N.Y. Attorney General's Website Archived 2007-03-12 at the Wayback Machine.
  23. ^ (Note to editors: merge with this article?)
External links
Categories: Contract lawLandlord–tenant lawReal property lawReal estateLegal doctrines and principles
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