2014 Tunisian parliamentary election From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia 2014 Tunisian parliamentary election Parliamentary elections
were held in Tunisia
on 26 October 2014. Campaigning started on 4 October 2014. They were the first free regular legislative elections since independence in 1956, and the first elections held following the adoption of the new constitution
in January 2014, which created a 217-seat Assembly of the Representatives of the People
. According to preliminary results, Nidaa Tounes gained a plurality of votes, winning 85 seats in the 217-seat parliament, beating the Ennahda Movement
(69 seats) and many smaller parties.
Electoral system The 217 members of the Assembly of the Representatives of the People were elected in 33 constituencies. There were 27 multi-member constituencies in Tunisia varying in size from four to ten seats and electing a total of 199. There were also six overseas constituencies electing a total of 18 seats: two constituencies in France electing five seats each, one three-seat constituency in Italy, a single-member constituency in Germany, a two-member constituency covering the rest of Europe and the Americas, and a two-member constituency covering the Arab world and the rest of the world. Seats were elected by party-list proportional representation
, using the largest remainder method
Poll results are listed in the table below in chronological order, showing the most recent polls last.
Initially, the Elections Authority decided to sanction Nidaa Tounes in Kasserine electoral district by withdrawing one seat following reported irregularities conducted by partisans. However, the decision was overturned by the administrative court after an appeal by Nidaa Tounes. The ruling took away the only seat obtained by Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties leaving the party with no presence in parliament. A low youth voter turnout was recorded with over 80% of 18- to 25-year-olds boycotting the vote.
Results of the Tunisian parliamentary election 2014 by district.
Ennahda's Lotfi Zitoun said the party had "accepted this result and congratulate[s] the winner." The result was hailed internationally for its democratic viability as the only one of the major Arab Spring uprisings, including Libya and Egypt, that is not convulsed by instability and turmoil. In the United States, President Barack Obama hailed the free, fair and non-violent elections as a "milestone," while Secretary of State John Kerry
said it was an example of "why Tunisia remains a beacon of hope, not only to the Tunisian people, but to the region and the world."
Government formation With Nidaa Tounes having won a plurality it has the right to name a prime minister and form a government in coalition. Beji Caid Essebsi said it was too early to talk of a coalition government – including one with Ennahda. Instead he said the 2014 Tunisian presidential election will give direction to the formation of a new government.
On 5 January 2015, Nidaa Tounes nominated independent Habib Essid as Prime Minister and asked him to form a new government. He was chosen over former trade unionist Taieb Baccouche "because he is independent and has experience in the areas of security and the economy," said the speaker of Congress, Mohamed Ennaceur. The nomination of a politician who had served under former autocratic president Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali however was widely criticized. Popular Front
leader Hamma Hammami stated that with Essid as prime minister, "the real power" would rather be in the presidential palace.
On 23 January 2015, Essid surprisingly presented a minority cabinet
including 10 ministers from Nidaa Tounes and three from the liberal Free Patriotic Union
, after the other liberal power Afek Tounes
was said to have abruptly pulled out of the coalition. Without Afek Tounes, the two parties could, however, only count on 102 of the 217 seats.
Both Ennahda and the Popular Front announced to vote against the proposed government.
This page was last edited on 13 February 2021, at 17:59