Ahmed Al Thani worked in different petroleum engineering projects in Qatar and abroad. He was a board member at Qatargas. After resignation of Wadah Khanfar from Al Jazeera, Al Thani became the director general of the channel in September 2011. He left channel on 26 June 2013 when he was appointed minister of Economy and Commerce. from 3 July until November 2018, he was made member to the administrative council of the Qatar Investment Authority (QIA). He was appointed in 2020 as the economic advisor to the Amir, and also in 2021 as the secretary general of the Supreme Council of Economic Affairs and Investment.