Cumbia refers to a number of musical rhythm and folk dance traditions of Latin America, generally involving musical and cultural elements from Amerindians, Africans enslaved during colonial times and Europeans. Examples include:
Colombian cumbia, is a musical rhythm and traditional folk dance from Colombia. It has contents of three cultural aspects, indigenous, blacks and to a lesser extent, Spanish, being the result of the long and intense miscegenation between these cultures during the Conquest and the Colony.
Panamanian cumbia, a Panamanian folk dance and musical genre, developed by blacks enslaved during colonial times and later syncretized with Amerindian and European cultural elements.
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