Demand-pull inflation
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Aggregate Demand increasing faster than production
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Demand-pull inflation is asserted to arise when aggregate demand in an economy outpaces aggregate supply. It involves inflation rising as real gross domestic product rises and unemployment falls, as the economy moves along the Phillips curve. This is commonly described as "too much money chasing too few goods​.​"​[1] More accurately, it should be described as involving "too much money spent chasing too few goods," since only money that is spent on goods and services can cause inflation. This would not be expected to happen, unless the economy is already at a full employment level. It is the opposite of cost-push inflation.
1How it happens
2Causes of demand-pull inflation
3See also
5External links
How it happens​[​edit​]
In Keynesian theory, increased employment results in increased aggregate demand (AD), which leads to further hiring by firms to increase output. Due to capacity constraints, this increase in output will eventually become so small that the price of the good will rise. At first, unemployment will go down, shifting AD1 to AD2, which increases demand (noted as "Y") by (Y2 − Y1). This increase in demand means more workers are needed, and then AD will be shifted from AD2 to AD3, but this time much less is produced than in the previous shift, but the price level has risen from P2 to P3, a much higher increase in price than in the previous shift. This increase in price is what causes inflation in an overheating economy.
Demand-pull inflation is in contrast with cost-push inflation, when price and wage increases are being transmitted from one sector to another. However, these can be considered as different aspects of an overall inflationary process: demand-pull inflation explains how price inflation starts, and cost-push inflation demonstrates why inflation once begun is so difficult to stop.[2]
Causes of demand-pull inflation​[​edit​]
See also​[​edit​]
  1. ^ Barth, J. R. & Bennett, J. T. (1975). Cost-push versus Demand-pull Inflation: Some Empirical Evidence. Journal of money, credit & banking (Ohio State University Press),7(3), 391.
  2. ^​ OxfordIndex, A Dictionary of Economics
  3. ^ "Causes of Inflation: Demand-Pull Inflation | Intelligent Economist"​. Intelligent Economist​. Retrieved 2016-02-03​.
External links​[​edit​]
Theory 1 - Demand-pull inflation - is inflation demanding?​, Bank of Biz/ed
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François QuesnayAdam SmithDavid RicardoThomas Robert MalthusJohann Heinrich von ThünenFriedrich ListHermann Heinrich GossenJules DupuitAntoine Augustin CournotJohn Stuart MillKarl MarxWilliam Stanley JevonsHenry GeorgeLéon WalrasAlfred MarshallGeorg Friedrich KnappFrancis Ysidro EdgeworthVilfredo ParetoFriedrich von WieserJohn Bates ClarkThorstein VeblenJohn R. CommonsIrving FisherWesley Clair MitchellJohn Maynard KeynesJoseph SchumpeterArthur Cecil PigouFrank KnightJohn von NeumannAlvin HansenJacob VinerEdward ChamberlinRagnar FrischHarold HotellingMichał KaleckiOskar R. LangeJacob MarschakGunnar MyrdalAbba P. LernerRoy HarrodPiero SraffaSimon KuznetsJoan RobinsonE. F. SchumacherFriedrich HayekJohn HicksTjalling KoopmansNicholas Georgescu-RoegenWassily LeontiefJohn Kenneth GalbraithHyman MinskyHerbert A. SimonMilton FriedmanPaul SamuelsonKenneth ArrowWilliam BaumolGary BeckerElinor OstromRobert SolowAmartya SenRobert Lucas Jr.Joseph StiglitzRichard ThalerPaul KrugmanThomas Pikettymore
Categories: DemandInflation
This page was last edited on 13 May 2021, at 16:06 (UTC).
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