Finance minister
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Public finance
Agricultural​Economic​Energy​Industrial​Investment​Social​Trade​Fiscal​Monetary​Policy mix
Budget policyDebt internalDeficit / surplusFinance ministryFiscal unionRevenueSpending deficitTax
Bank reserves requirementsDiscount windowGold reservesInterest rateMonetary authority central bankcurrency boardMonetary baseMonetary (currency) unionMoney supply
Balance of tradeFree tradeGains from tradeNon-tariff barrier​Protectionism​Tariff​Trade blocTrade creationTrade diversionTrade / commerce ministry
Non-tax revenueTax revenueDiscretionary spendingMandatory spending
Balanced budgetEconomic growthPrice stability
Fiscal adjustmentMonetary reform
A finance minister is an executive or cabinet position in charge of one or more of government finances, economic policy and financial regulation.
A finance minister's portfolio has a large variety of names across the world, such as "treasury", "finance", "financial affairs", "economy" or "economic affairs". The position of the finance minister might be named for this portfolio, but it may also have some other name, like "Treasurer" or, in the United Kingdom​, "​Chancellor of the Exchequer​".
The duties of a finance minister differ between countries. Typically, they encompass one or more of government finance, fiscal policy, and financial regulation​, but there are significant differences between countries:
Finance ministers are also often found in governments of federated states or provinces of a federal country. In these cases their powers may be substantially limited by superior legislative or fiscal policy, notably the control of taxation, spending, currency, inter-bank interest rates and the money supply.
The powers of a finance minister vary between governments. In the United Kingdom and Australia​, the finance minister (called the "​Chancellor of the Exchequer​" and the "​Treasurer​" respectively) is in practice viewed as the most important cabinet post after the Prime Minister.
In the United States, the finance minister is called the "​Secretary of the Treasury​", though there is a separate and subordinate Treasurer of the United States, and it is the director of the Office of Management and Budget who drafts the budget.
In the United Kingdom​, the equivalent of the finance minister is the Chancellor of the Exchequer​. Due to a quirk of history, the Chancellor of the Exchequer is also styled Second Lord of the Treasury with the Prime Minister also holding the historic position of First Lord of the Treasury​. This signals the Prime Minister's seniority and superior responsibility over the Treasury​.
In Hong Kong the finance minister is called the Financial Secretary​, though there is a Secretary for the Treasury subordinate to him.
In Australia​, the senior minister is the Treasurer​, although there is a Minister for Finance who is more junior and, as of 2018, heads a separate portfolio of Finance and the Public Service.
Finance ministers can be unpopular if they must raise taxes or cut spending​. Finance ministers whose key decisions had directly benefited both the performance and perception of their country’s economic and financial achievements are recognised by the annual Euromoney Finance Minister of the Year award.
See also​[​edit​]
Ministry of Finance
Common types of government ministers and ministries
Defence / Foreign Affairs /
Public Safety
Economics / Infrastructure
Environment / Natural resources
Categories: Government ministers by portfolioFinance ministersFinance ministries
This page was last edited on 2 July 2021, at 21:53 (UTC).
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