Habitability
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For habitability of planets, see Planetary habitability​. For habitability of planet systems, see Habitable zone.
"Living conditions" redirects here. For the philosophical concept, see quality of life. For the Buffy the Vampire Slayer episode, see Living Conditions​.
The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article, discuss the issue on the talk page, or create a new article, as appropriate.​(​August 2019) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Contents
1Habitability in Law
1.1New York law
1.2Consequences
1.3See also
2Habitability in Extreme Environments
3Habitability of Islands
4References
5External links
Habitability in Law​[​edit​]
Habitability is the conformance of a residence or abode to the implied warranty of habitability.​[​circular definition] A residence that complies is said to be habitable​. It is an implied warranty or contract, meaning it does not have to be an express contract, covenant​, or provision of a contract. There was no implied warranty of habitability for tenants at common law and the legal doctrine has since developed in many jurisdictions through housing laws and regulations.​[1]​[2] Habitability is a common law doctrine that is largely synonymous with tenantability​.​[3] In Architecture, the term habitabilty is understood to be an umbrella term for the suitability and value of a built habitat for its inhabitants in a specific environment over time.[4]
In order to be habitable, such housing usually:
New York law[edit]
Some states, such as New York, have given additional statutory protections in addition to those created by caselaw​.​[15] These statutes include:
  1. Lobby attendant service by a concierge or landlord [16]
  2. Elevator mirrors [17]
  3. Smoke detectors​[18]
  4. Window guards​[19]
  5. Intercoms and self-locking doors[20]
  6. Protection from lead paint [21]
Consequences​[​edit​]
Violation of the warranty of habitability results in constructive eviction, whereby the landlord or lessor has, in effect, evicted the tenant or lessee​.​[22] The tenant may remedy the problem,​[23]​[24] or complain to local government authorities for remedies.​[25]
See also​[​edit​]
Habitability in Extreme Environments​[​edit​]
Human Factors and habitability are important topics for working and living spaces. For space exploration, they are vital for mission success. One of the critical characteristics for living and working in extreme environments the dependency on the habitat, its technological capability as well as the sociospatial framing. Inhabitants who are exposed to remote and hostile environments, not only must overcome the challenges posed by the dangers and limitations imposed by the particular environment itself, but also experience significant distress from being confined indoors and isolated from civiliazation and social contact​.​[27]
Components of the system include: The setting, the individual, the group or (microsociety) and the time. Support and evidence for the need of integrating habitability can be found in every decade. Thomas M. Fraser suggested "that habitability can be consedered as the equilibrium state, resulting from man-machine-environment-mission interactions which permits man to maintain physiological homeostasis, adequate performance, and psycho-social integrity".​[28]
Habitability of Islands​[​edit​]
In 2020, small islands in Europe not satisfied with the sustainability methods and tools, created a habitability tool to measure their own attractiveness as a place to live. There are 40 indicators grouped into seven areas that can be used to test the habitability of an island society on a four-grade scale. Åbo Academy University is giving a course in making a Habitability analysis.​[29]
References​[​edit​]
  1. ^ "Landlord-Tenant Law". Wex. Cornell Law School. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  2. ^ "Duties of the Landlord". LawShelf. National Paralegal College. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  3. ^ Cudney, Kevin (1975). "Landlord and Tenant--Tenantable Condition of Premises--Relation of Landlord's Statutory Obligations to Common Law Warranty of Landlord's Statutory Obligations to Common Law Warranty of Habitability". Case Western Reserve Law Review. 25 (2): 371.
  4. ^ Verfasser, Häuplik-Meusburger, Sandra. Architecture for Astronauts An Activity-based Approach. ISBN 978-3-7091-0667-9​. OCLC 863786893​.
  5. ^ In New York, see N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law § 79.
  6. ^
    Mold in condominium: Negligent maintenance: Breach of warranty of habitability: Settlement: Verdict | Law Reporter | Find Articles at BNET.com
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28​. Retrieved 2007-05-02​.
  8. ^ Pennsylvania
  9. ^ generally, United States
  10. ^ California
  11. ^ District of Columbia
  12. ^ Vermont (form).
  13. ^
    TITLE 10.COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT Part 7. TEXAS RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION COMMISSION Chapter 304. WARRANTIES AND BUILDING AND PERFORMANCE STANDARDS Texas Residential Construction Commission
  14. ^ Massachusetts
  15. ^ See N.Y. Attorney General's Website​Archived 2007-03-12 at the Wayback Machine, q.v., and in External sources.
  16. ^ N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law §50-c
  17. ^ N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law §51-b; NYC Admin. Code §27-2042
  18. ^ N.Y. Multiple Residence Law §15; Buffalo Code Ch. 395; NYC Admin. Code §27-2045, §27-2046
  19. ^ NYC Health Code §131.15
  20. ^ N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law §50-a
  21. ^ NYC Health Code §173.14;
  22. ^ Josephson, Richard C. (1971). "The Implied Warranty of Habitability in Landlord-Tenant Relations"​. William & Mary Law Review. 12 (3): 580. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  23. ^ See N.Y. Real Property Law §235-b.
  24. ^ Warranty of Habitability (rev 7/96)
  25. ^ N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law (MDL) §78 and §80; Multiple Residence Law (MRL) §174. (Note: The MDL applies to cities with a population of 325,000 or more and the MRL applies to cities with less than 325,000 and to all towns and villages; from N.Y. Attorney General's Website Archived 2007-03-12 at the Wayback Machine.
  26. ^ (Note to editors: merge with this article?)
  27. ^ Häuplik-Meusburger, Sandra; Bishop, Sheryl (2021).
    Space Habitats and Habitability: Designing for Isolated and Confined Environments on Earth and in Space. Space and Society. Springer International Publishing. ISBN 978-3-030-69739-6​.
  28. ^ "NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)"​(PDF)​. ntrs.nasa.gov​. Retrieved 2021-04-27​.
  29. ^ Abo Academy. "Habitability"​. www.abo.fi​. Abo Academy. Retrieved 28 April 2021.
External links​[​edit​]
Categories: Wikipedia articles with content issuesContract lawLandlord–tenant lawReal property lawLegal doctrines and principles
Search
This page was last edited on 9 May 2021, at 14:09 (UTC).
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.
Privacy policy
About Wikipedia
Disclaimers
Contact Wikipedia
Mobile view
Developers
Statistics
Cookie statement
TalkContributionsCreate accountLog in
ArticleTalk
ReadEditView history
Visit the main pageMain pageContentsCurrent eventsRandom articleAbout WikipediaContact usDonateHelpLearn to editCommunity portalRecent changesUpload fileWhat links hereRelated changesUpload fileSpecial pagesPermanent linkPage informationCite this pageWikidata itemDownload as PDFPrintable versionPortuguêsاردوEdit links