Ibn Fadlallah al-Umari
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Shihab al-Din Abu al-Abbas Ahmad ibn Fadlallah al-Umari (Arabic: شهاب الدين أبو العبّاس أحمد بن فضل الله العمري‎, romanized​Shihāb al-Dīn Abū al-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn Faḍlallāh al-ʿUmarī​), commonly known as Ibn Fadlallah al-Umari or al-Umari, (1300 – 1349) was an Arab historian, born in Damascus​.​[1] His major works include at-Taʾrīf bi-al-muṣṭalaḥ ash-sharīf​, on the subject of the Mamluk administration, and Masālik al-abṣār fī mamālik al-amṣār​, an encyclopedic collection of related information.​[1] The latter was translated into French by Maurice Gaudefroy-Demombynes in 1927.
A student of Ibn Taymiyya​,​[2] Ibn Fadlallah visited Cairo shortly after the Malian Mansa​Kankan Musa I's pilgrimage to Mecca, and his writings are one of the primary sources for this legendary hajj. In particular, Ibn Fadlallah recorded that the Mansa dispensed so much gold that its value fell in Egypt for a decade afterward, a story that is often repeated in describing the wealth of the Mali Empire.​[3]
Ibn Fadlallah also recorded Kankan Musa's stories of the previous mansa; Kankan Musa claimed that the previous ruler had abdicated the throne to journey to a land across the ocean, leading contemporary Malian historian Gaoussou Diawara to theorize that Abu Bakr II reached the Americas years before Christopher Columbus​.​[4]​[​citation needed]
His works also provide a basis for the Muslim side on the wars of Amda Seyon I against Ifat, Adal, and other regions.​[​citation needed]
Ibn Faḍl Allāh al-‘Umārī, Masālik al-abṣār​, éd. Sayyid​[5]​[6]​[7]​[8]
  1. ^ a b "Al-ʿUmarī - Syrian scholar". Encyclopedia Britannica​. Retrieved 2020-09-04​.
  2. ^ Mehdi Berriah (2020).
    The Mamluk Sultanate and the Mamluks seen by Ibn Taymiyya: between Praise and Criticism. Arabian Humanities​. doi​:​10.4000/cy.6491​. ISSN 2308-6122​. OCLC 8930826072​. Archived from the original on March 9, 2021.
  3. ^ Kingdom of Mali Primary Sources - Boston University: African Studies Center
  4. ^ "Kharīṭat al-ʻālam allatī ṣanaʻahā jughrāfīyū al-Khalīfah al-Maʼmūn (ḥakama min 198 H-218 H) = World map of the geographers of the Caliph Al-Maʼmūn (reigned 813-833 A.D.)". Frankfurt: Institut für Geschichte der Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaften. 1990. LCCN 91682448​. OCLC 24107059​. Retrieved July 21, 2021 – via archive.is.
  5. ^ "Masalik al-absar fi mamalik al-amsar : l'Egypte, la Syrie, le Higaz at le Yemen / Ibn Fadl Allah al-'Umari Ahmad ibn Yahya edite et presente par Ayman Fu'ad Sayyid" (in French and Arabic). Cairo. 1885.
  6. ^ Cited in: Vallet, Éric (October 16, 2015). "Chapitre 3. Le fisc d'Aden, percepteur, acheteur et vendeur".
    L'Arabie Marchande. État et commerce sous les sultans rasūlides du Yémen (626-858/1229-1454)​. Bibliothèque historique des pays d’Islam (in French). Paris: Éditions de la Sorbonne. p. 870. doi​:​10.4000/books.psorbonne.2441​. ISBN 9782859448714​. OCLC 960808924​. Archived from the original on September 22, 2017.
  7. ^ Ibn Faḍl Allāh Al‑ʿUmarī, Masālik al‑abṣār fī mamālik al‑amṣār, ed. Muḥammad ʿAbd al‑Qādir Kharīsāt et al., al‑ʿAyn, Zayd Center for Heritage and History, 2001–2004, 25 vols. As cited in: Mehdi Berriah (2020).
    The Mamluk Sultanate and the Mamluks seen by Ibn Taymiyya: between Praise and Criticism. Arabian Humanities​. doi​:​10.4000/cy.6491​. ISSN 2308-6122​. OCLC 8930826072​. Archived from the original on March 9, 2021.
  8. ^ D.S. Richards (January 6, 2017).
    Egypt and Syria in the Early Mamluk Period: An Extract from Ibn Faḍl Allāh Al-‘Umarī's Masālik Al-Abṣār Fī Mamālik Al-Amṣā. Taylor & Francis. p. 115. ISBN 9781315458809​. OCLC 1257806554​.
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Notable works
The Meadows of GoldHistory of the Prophets and KingsMu'jam al-BuldanConcise History of HumanityThe Complete HistoryAl-Bidaya wa'l-NihayaThe Remaining Signs of Past CenturiesFutuh al-BuldanKitab al-I'tibarAl-Milal wa al-NihalHistory of the CaliphsKitab al-Rawd al-MitarTarikh al-YaqubiMuqaddimahBook of IdolsRihla
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Categories: 1300 births1384 deaths14th-century ArabsArab Muslim historians of Islam14th-century historiansScholars of the Mamluk Sultanate​Satanism​Syrian Sufi religious leaders
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