The King of the Kingdom of Bahrain
: ملك مملكة البحرين
) is the monarch
and head of state
. Between 1783 and 1971, the Bahraini monarch held the title of Hakim
, and, from 1971 until 2002, the title of Emir. On 14 February 2002, the then-Emir of Bahrain, Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, declared Bahrain a kingdom and proclaimed himself the first king.