List of modern conflicts in the Middle East From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
, North Cyprus
, Saudi Arabia
, United Arab Emirates
- Conflicts are separate incidents with at least 100 casualties, and are listed by total deaths, including sub-conflicts.
- The term "modern" refers to the First World War and later period, in other words, since 1914.
List of conflicts
Annexation of Al-Hasa and Qatif (1913) – unknown.
Battle of Kanzaan (1915) – unknown.
1921 Ikhwan raid on Iraq – 700 killed.
Turkish–Armenian War – 60,000–432,500 casualties.
Ahmad Barzanji revolt (1931) – unknown.
1943 Iraqi Kurdish revolt (1943) – unknown.
2003 invasion of Iraq – several hundred killed (~300) on the Kurdish front, at least 24 Peshmerga killed. Civil interregnum – 500 killed.
Arab–Israeli War (1948–1949) – 14,400 casualties.
Israeli–Palestinian conflict (1965–present) – 24,000 killed
1982 Lebanon War
First Palestinian Intifada – 2,000 killed
Al-Aqsa Intifada – 7,000 killed
Gaza–Israel conflict – 3,500+ killed
War of Attrition (1967–1970) – 6,403 killed.
1979 Khorasan uprising – unknown.
1979 Azeri uprising – unknown.
1979 Baluchistan uprising – 50 killed.
1979–1980 Tehran clashes – unknown.
[k].^ Iraq War 2003–2011 (combined casualty figure of 192,361–226,056+):
Ongoing conflicts in World :
Albert Hourani et al., The Modern Middle East: A Reader.
1993: p. 2.
^ Statistics Branch, GS, War Department, 25 February 1924; cited in World War I: People, Politics, and Power, published by Britannica Educational Publishing (2010) Page 219. ^
Totten, Samuel, Paul Robert Bartrop, Steven L. Jacobs (eds.) Dictionary of Genocide. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2008, p. 19. ISBN 978-0-313-34642-2.
James L. Gelvin, The Israel–Palestine Conflict: One Hundred Years of War, Publisher: Cambridge University Press ISBN 978-0-521-61804-5
^ Rubin 2015
, p. 508: "Despite Iran’s official neutrality, this pattern of interference continued during World War I as Ottoman-, Russian-, British-, and German-supported local forces fought across Iran, wreaking enormous havoc on the country. With farmland, crops, livestock, and infrastructure destroyed, as many as 2 million Iranians died of famine at the war’s end. Although the Russian Revolution of 1917 led to the recall of Russian troops, and thus gave hope to Iranians that the foreign yoke might be relenting, the British quickly moved to fill the vacuum in the north, and by 1918, had turned the country into an unofficial protectorate."
^ Ward 2014
, p. 123: "As the Great War came to its close in the fall of 1918, Iran’s plight was woeful. The war had created an economic catastrophe, invading armies had ruined farmland and irrigation works, crops and livestock were stolen or destroyed, and peasants had been taken from their fields and forced to serve as laborers in the variousarmies. Famine killed as many as two million Iranians out of a population of little more than ten million."
Maria T. O'Shea. Trapped Between the Map and Reality: Geography and Perceptions of Kurdistan. Routledge, 2004: p. 100 "Simultaneously, 1000 Christians were killed in Salmas, in a massacre instigated by Simko"
^ Jonathan Glancey (19 April 2003). "Our last occupation". London: Guardian. Archived
from the original on 22 August 2013. Retrieved
1 February 2011.
"The rebellion was thwarted, with nearly 9,000 Iraqis killed."
Yusuf Mazhar, Cumhuriyet
, 16 Temmuz 1930, … Zilan harekatında imha edilenlerin sayısı 15,000 kadardır. Zilan Deresi ağzına kadar ceset dolmuştur...
^ Ahmet Kahraman, ibid
, p. 211, Karaköse, 14 (Özel muhabirimiz bildiriyor) …
M. Kalman, Belge, tanık ve yaşayanlarıyla Ağrı Direnişi 1926–1930, Pêrî Yayınları, İstanbul, 1997, ISBN 975-8245-01-5
, p. 105.
^ "Der Krieg am Ararat" (Telegramm unseres Korrespondenten) Berliner Tageblatt, 3 October 1930, "... die Türken in der Gegend von Zilan 220 Dörfer zerstört und 4500 Frauen und Greise massakriert." ^ a b "The purpose of this chapter is not to debate the extent of Assyrian civilian deaths at Summayl; the Assyrians claim 3000, while the British cite the figure as no greater than 300." Archived 14 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine ^ a b c Rongxing Guo. Cross border resource management, theory and practice. Ed. S.V.Krupa. Elsevier, 2005: p.115. ^
Ahmed Abdalla, The Student Movement and National Politics in Egypt 1923–1973
. 2008: pp. 64–77 (1946: The Climax)
^ "Archived copy"
(PDF). Archived from the original
(PDF) on 20 March 2012. Retrieved
15 October 2012. "Since 1965, the Libyan-backed Front for the Liberation of Occupied South Yemen and the National Liberation Front had unleashed brutal violence on British forces in the south. In the end, the conflict claimed some 200,000 lives."
^ Derek Hopwood. Syria 1945–1986: Politics and Society
. Unwin Himan ltd., 1988: p.45.
^ J.E.Peterson, British Counter-Insurgency Campaigns and Iraq
. August 2009: p.12.
^ Seale, Patrick (1989). Asad of Syria: The Struggle for the Middle East. University of California Press. p. 93. ISBN 0-520-06667-7. ^ Paul, James A.; et al. (1990). Human Rights in Syria. Middle East Watch Organization. p. 10. ^ Files of Major General Khalil Jassim, Jordan 2017, Ghaith Khalil,اوراق اللواء خليل جاسم الدباغ, د.م. غيث الدباغ, دار دجلة للطباعة والنشر, الاردن ^ John J. Mearsheimer (Aug. 1990 Atlantic Monthly). "1,500 to 5,000 killed" ^ Devrimci Yol Savunması, Defense of the Revolutionary Path. Ankara, January 1989, pp. 118–119. ^ E. Baqi, `Figures for the Dead in the Revolution`, Emruz
, 30 July 2003
^ "Turkey tries to heal coup detat wounds"
. Today's Zaman
. 15 January 2011. Archived from the original
on 14 October 2012. Retrieved 9 December
2015. During this coup 650,000 people were detained, prosecutors demanded the death penalty for 7,000 people, 517 were sentenced to death, and 50 were executed. A further 500 people died in prisons, some under suspicious circumstances, some during torture and others on hunger strikes. Sixteen prisoners were shot while attempting to escape. Official records say 74 others were killed during prison riots
^ Europa Publications Limited, The Middle East & North Africa
, Volume 50: p. 303
Matthew Duss and Peter Juul. The Fractured Shia of Iraq. Center for American Progress, January 2009. p.9.
^ MidEastWeb. Kurdish agony – the forgotten massacre of Qamishlo
. March 2004. Archived
9 October 2017 at the Wayback Machine MidEastWeb
^ "Bloody 2009"
. Yemen Post
. 10 April 2010. Archived from the original
on 24 July 2011. Retrieved
1 February 2011.
"The long ongoing war in Sa'ada that has killed over 8000 Yemenis in 2009 alone."
Noel Joseph Guckian. British Relations with Trans-Jordan, 1920–1930. University College of Wales, Aberystwyth. Ph.D Thesis: pp. 217–218. May 1985.
Vahakn N. Dadrian. (2003). The History of the Armenian Genocide: Ethnic Conflict from the Balkans to Anatolia to the Caucasus. New York: Berghahn Books, pp. 360–361. ISBN 1-57181-666-6;
Jordi Tejel. Syria's Kurds: history, politics and society
. 2009. p.156.
^ Nat. Arch. 891.00/1-1547, 15 January 1947. Touraj Atabaki, Azerbaijan: Ethnicity and the Struggle for Power in Iran. [Revised Edition of Azerbaijan, Ethnicity and Autonomy in the Twentieth-Century Iran] London: I.B.Tauris, 2000. pg 227. "A British source cited by the US Embassy in Tehran gives the number of killed Democrats as 421. The American Embass's report has been classified under wash." ^ Tadeusz Swietochowski
, Russia and Azerbaijan: A Borderland in Transition. New York: Columbia. University Press, 1995. p. 154. "Rossow conservatively estimated 500 killed during the lawless interregnum that preceded the coming of the Iranian troops. Hundreds of others were tried and jailed, and scores were hanged."
^ David McDowall. A Modern History of the Kurds
^ Great Britain, 1930: Report of the Commission on the disturbances of August 1929, Command paper 3530 (Shaw Commission report), p. 65. ^ NA 59/8/353/84/867n, 404 Wailing Wall/279 and 280, Archdale Diary and Palestinian Police records. ^ Benjamin Grob-Fitzgibbon: Imperial Endgame: Britain's Dirty Wars and the End of Empire, p. 100
This page was last edited on 19 April 2021, at 12:36