Timothy Garton Ash
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Timothy Garton Ash

Timothy Garton Ash, Charlemagne Prize 2019
Born12 July 1955 (age 65)
London
NationalityBritish
Alma materUniversity of Oxford
Timothy Garton Ash CMG​FRSA (born 12 July 1955) is a British historian, author and commentator. He is Professor of European Studies at Oxford University​. Much of his work has been concerned with the late modern and contemporary history of Central and Eastern Europe.
He has written about the former Communist regimes of that region, their experience with the secret police, the Revolutions of 1989 and the transformation of the former Eastern Bloc states into member states of the European Union. He has examined the role of Europe and the challenge of combining freedom and diversity, especially in relation to free speech.
Contents
1Education
2Life and career
3Geopolitics
4Personal life
5Bibliography
6Awards and honours
7See also
8Notes
9External links
Education​[​edit​]
Garton Ash was born to John Garton Ash (1919–2014) and Lorna Judith Freke. His father was educated at Trinity Hall, Cambridge and was involved in finance, as well as being a Royal Artillery officer in the British Army during the Second World War.[1] Garton Ash was educated at St Edmund's School, Hindhead​, Surrey,[2] before going on to Sherborne School, a well-known public school in Dorset in South West England, followed by Exeter College, Oxford where he studied Modern History.
For post-graduate study, he went to St Antony's College, Oxford, and then, in the still divided Berlin, the Free University in West Berlin and the Humboldt University in East Berlin. During his studies in East Berlin, he was under surveillance from the Stasi, which served as the basis for his 1997 book The File.[3] Garton Ash cut a suspect figure to the Stasi, who regarded him as a "bourgeois-liberal" and potential British spy.[4] Although he denies being or having been a British intelligence operative, Garton Ash described himself as a "soldier behind enemy lines" and described the German Democratic Republic as a "very nasty regime indeed."​[4]

Pavel Žáček, Timothy Garton Ash and Kristian Gerner (Tallinn, 2012)
Life and career​[​edit​]
In the 1980s, Garton Ash was Foreign Editor of The Spectator and a columnist for The Independent​. He became a Fellow at St Antony's College in 1989, a senior fellow at Stanford University​'s Hoover Institution​[5] in 2000, and Professor of European Studies at the University of Oxford[6] in 2004. He has written a weekly column in The Guardian since 2004 and is a long-time contributor to the New York Review of Books.[7] His column is also translated in the Turkish daily Radikal​[8] and in the Spanish daily El País, as well as other papers.
In 2005, Garton Ash was listed in Time magazine as one of the 100 most influential people.​[9] There it is mentioned that "Shelves are where most works of history spend their lives. But the kind of history Garton Ash writes is more likely to lie on the desks of the world's decision makers."
Geopolitics​[​edit​]
Garton Ash describes himself as a liberal internationalist​.​[10] He is a supporter of what he calls the free world and liberal democracy​, represented in his view by the European Union, the United States as a super-power, and Angela Merkel's leadership of Germany. Garton Ash opposed Scottish independence and argued for Britishness​, writing in The Guardian​: "being British has changed into something worth preserving, especially in a world of migration where peoples are going to become ever more mixed up together. As men and women from different parts of the former British empire have come to live here in ever larger numbers, the post-imperial identity has become, ironically but not accidentally, the most liberal, civic, inclusive one."[11]
Garton Ash first came to prominence during the Cold War as a supporter of free speech and human rights within countries which were part of the Soviet Union and Eastern Bloc, paying particular attention to Poland and Germany. In more recent times he has represented a British liberal pro-EU viewpoint, nervous at the rise of Vladimir Putin, Donald Trump and Brexit. He is strongly opposed to conservative and populist leaders of EU nations such as Viktor Orbán of Hungary, arguing that Merkel should "freeze him out", evoking "​appeasement​."​[12] Garton Ash was particularly upset about Orbán's move against George Soros' Central European University​.​[12] Anti-Soviet themes and Poland remain topics of interest for Garton Ash; once a promoter of the anti-Eastern Bloc movement in Poland, he notes with regret the move away from liberalism and globalism towards populism and authoritarianism under socially conservative political and religious leaders such as Jarosław Kaczyński​, in a similar manner to his criticisms of Hungary's Orbán.​[13]
Personal life[edit]
Garton Ash and his Polish-born wife Danuta live primarily in Oxford, England, and also near Stanford University in California as part of his work with the Hoover Institution.​[14] They have two sons, Tom Ash, a web-developer based in Canada, and Alec Ash, a writer living in China.​[14] His older brother Christopher is a Church of England clergyman.​[​citation needed]
Bibliography​[​edit​]
Awards and honours​[​edit​]
See also​[​edit​]
Notes​[​edit​]
^ "John Garton Ash – obituary". The Telegraph​. London. 16 July 2014. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
^ "St. Ed's – OSE". saintedmunds.co.uk​. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
^ Ash, Timothy (31 May 2007).
"The Stasi on Our Minds". The New York Review of Books. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
^ a b Glover, Michael (2 September 1998). "Memoirs of an inadvertent spy". The Independent​. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
^
"Fellows: Timothy Garton Ash". Hoover Institution. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
^ "Governing Body Fellows: Professor Timothy Garton Ash". St. Anthony's College. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
^ "Timothy Garton Ash". The New York Review of Books. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
^ "timothy garton ash son dakika gelişmeleri ve haberleri Radikal'de!"​. Radikal (in Turkish). Retrieved 23 April 2016.
^ Ferguson, Niall (18 April 2005).
"Timothy Garton Ash". TIME.com​. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
^ Garton Ash, Timothy (13 October 2016).
"Liberal internationalists have to own up: we left too many people behind". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
^ Garton Ash, Timothy (3 May 2007).
"Independence for Scotland would not be good for England". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
^ a b Garton Ash, Timothy (12 April 2017).
"We know the price of appeasement. That's why we must stand up to Viktor Orbán". The Guardian. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
^ Garton Ash, Timothy (7 January 2016). "The pillars of Poland's democracy are being destroyed"​. The Guardian. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
^ a b "Biography"​. timothygartonash.com​. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
^ "Premio di Giornalismo"​. premionapoli.it​.
^
"Timothy Garton Ash :: Biography"​. timothygartonash.com​.
^
"Eredoctoraten voor Maria Nowak, Timothy Garton Ash en Claudio Magris". Dagkrant Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (in Dutch). 22 December 2010. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
^ europeonline-magazine.eu, europe online publishing house gmbh -.
"Historian Garton Ash receives Germany's Charlemagne Prize 2017 | EUROPE ONLINE". en.europeonline-magazine.eu​. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
External links​[​edit​]
Wikiquote has quotations related to: Timothy Garton Ash
Recipients of the Charlemagne Prize
1950–1975
1976–2000
2001–present
1 Received extraordinary prize.
1940s
Morgenthau PlanHukbalahap RebellionJamaican political conflict​Dekemvriana​Percentages agreementYalta ConferenceGuerrilla war in the Baltic states Forest BrothersOperation PriboiOperation JungleOccupation of the Baltic statesCursed soldiersOperation UnthinkableOperation DownfallPotsdam ConferenceGouzenko AffairDivision of KoreaOperation MasterdomOperation BeleaguerOperation Blacklist FortyIran crisis of 1946Greek Civil WarBaruch PlanCorfu Channel incidentTurkish Straits crisisRestatement of Policy on GermanyFirst Indochina WarTruman DoctrineAsian Relations ConferenceMay 1947 crisesMarshall PlanComecon1948 Czechoslovak coup d'étatAl-Wathbah uprising1947–1949 Palestine war 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine1948 Arab–Israeli War1948 Palestinian exodusTito–Stalin splitBerlin BlockadeWestern betrayalIron CurtainEastern BlocWestern BlocChinese Civil WarMalayan EmergencyMarch 1949 Syrian coup d'étatAlbanian Subversion
1950s
1960s
Congo CrisisSimba rebellion1960 U-2 incidentBay of Pigs Invasion1960 Turkish coup d'étatSoviet–Albanian splitIraqi–Kurdish conflict First Iraqi–Kurdish WarBerlin Crisis of 1961Berlin WallPapua conflictSand WarPortuguese Colonial War Angolan War of IndependenceGuinea-Bissau War of IndependenceMozambican War of IndependenceCuban Missile CrisisEl PorteñazoSino-Indian WarCommunist insurgency in SarawakRamadan RevolutionEritrean War of IndependenceNorth Yemen Civil War1963 Syrian coup d'étatAssassination of John F. KennedyAden EmergencyCyprus crisis of 1963–64Vietnam WarShifta WarMexican Dirty War Tlatelolco massacreGuatemalan Civil WarColombian conflict1964 Brazilian coup d'étatDominican Civil WarRhodesian Bush WarSouth African Border WarTransition to the New Order (Indonesia)Domino theoryASEAN DeclarationLaotian Civil War1966 Syrian coup d'étatArgentine RevolutionKorean DMZ ConflictGreek military junta of 1967–1974Years of Lead (Italy)USS Pueblo incidentSix-Day WarWar of AttritionDhofar RebellionAl-Wadiah WarNigerian Civil WarProtests of 1968 May 68Cultural RevolutionPrague Spring1968 Polish political crisisCommunist insurgency in MalaysiaWarsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia17 July Revolution1969 Libyan coup d'étatFootball WarGoulash CommunismSino-Soviet border conflictCommunist rebellion in the PhilippinesCorrective Move
1970s
DétenteNuclear Non-Proliferation TreatyBlack SeptemberAlcora ExerciseCorrective Movement (Syria)Western Sahara conflictCambodian Civil WarVietnam WarKoza riotRealpolitikPing-pong diplomacy1971 JVP insurrectionCorrective Revolution (Egypt)1971 Turkish military memorandum1971 Sudanese coup d'étatFour Power Agreement on BerlinBangladesh Liberation War1972 Nixon visit to ChinaNorth Yemen-South Yemen Border conflict of 1972Yemenite War of 1972Munich massacreCommunist insurgency in BangladeshEritrean Civil Wars1973 Uruguayan coup d'état1973 Afghan coup d'état1973 Chilean coup d'étatYom Kippur War1973 oil crisisCarnation RevolutionSpanish transition to democracy​Metapolitefsi​Strategic Arms Limitation TalksSecond Iraqi–Kurdish WarTurkish invasion of CyprusAngolan Civil WarMozambican Civil WarOromo conflictOgaden War1978 Somali coup d'état attemptWestern Sahara WarEthiopian Civil WarLebanese Civil WarSino-Albanian splitCambodian–Vietnamese WarOperation CondorDirty War (Argentina)1976 Argentine coup d'étatLibyan–Egyptian WarGerman AutumnKorean Air Lines Flight 902Nicaraguan Revolution​Uganda–Tanzania WarNDF RebellionChadian–Libyan conflictYemenite War of 1979Grand Mosque seizureIranian RevolutionSaur RevolutionSino-Vietnamese WarNew Jewel Movement1979 Herat uprisingSeven Days to the River RhineStruggle against political abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union
1980s
Salvadoran Civil WarSoviet–Afghan War1980 and 1984 Summer Olympics boycottsGera DemandsPeruvian conflictEritrean Civil Wars1980 Turkish coup d'étatUgandan Bush WarGulf of Sidra incidentCasamance conflictFalklands War1982 Ethiopian–Somali Border WarNdogboyosoi WarUnited States invasion of GrenadaAble Archer 83Star WarsIran–Iraq WarSomali Rebellion1986 Black Sea incidentSouth Yemen Civil WarToyota War1987 Lieyu massacre1987–1989 JVP insurrectionLord's Resistance Army insurgency1988 Black Sea bumping incident8888 UprisingSolidarity (Soviet reaction)ContrasCentral American crisisRYANKorean Air Lines Flight 007People Power Revolution​Glasnost​Perestroika​First Nagorno-Karabakh WarAfghan Civil WarUnited States invasion of Panama1988 Polish strikes1989 Tiananmen Square protestsRevolutions of 1989Fall of the Berlin WallFall of the inner German borderVelvet RevolutionRomanian RevolutionPeaceful Revolution
1990s
Frozen conflicts
Foreign policy
Ideologies
Organizations
Propaganda
Technological competition
Historians
Gar Alperovitz​Thomas A. Bailey​Michael Beschloss​Archie Brown​Warren H. Carroll​Adrian Cioroianu​John Costello​Michael CoxNicholas J. CullWillem DreesRobert D. English​Herbert FeisRobert Hugh FerrellAndré Fontaine​Anneli Ute Gabanyi​John Lewis GaddisLloyd Gardner​Timothy Garton AshGabriel Gorodetsky​Fred Halliday​Jussi Hanhimäki​John Earl Haynes​Patrick J. Hearden​Tvrtko Jakovina​Tony JudtHarvey KlehrGabriel KolkoWalter LaFeber​Walter Laqueur​Melvyn LefflerGeir Lundestad​Mary Elise Sarotte​Vojtech MastnyJack F. Matlock Jr.Thomas J. McCormick​Timothy Naftali​Marius OpreaDavid S. Painter​William B. Pickett​Ronald E. Powaski​Yakov M. Rabkin​Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr.Ellen Schrecker​Giles Scott-Smith​Shen ZhihuaAthan Theoharis​Andrew Thorpe​Vladimir Tismăneanu​Patrick Vaughan​Alex von Tunzelmann​Odd Arne Westad​William Appleman Williams​Jonathan Reed Winkler​Rudolph Winnacker​Ken Young
Espionage and intelligence
See also
Authority control
Categories: 1955 birthsLiving peopleBritish foreign policy writersBritish historiansBritish male journalistsFellows of St Antony's College, OxfordAlumni of Exeter College, OxfordHoover Institution peopleHistorians of EuropeCold War historiansTheorists on Western civilizationThe Guardian journalistsFellows of the Royal Historical SocietyFellows of the Royal Society of LiteratureCompanions of the Order of St Michael and St GeorgeRecipients of the Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of GermanyPeople educated at Sherborne SchoolMembers of the European Academy of Sciences and ArtsFellows of the Royal Society of ArtsBritish columnistsCarnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs
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