) is an international news agency
headquartered in Paris
. Founded in 1835 as Havas
, it is the world's oldest news agency.
AFP has regional headquarters in Nicosia, Cyprus
, Montevideo, Uruguay
, Hong Kong
and Washington, D.C.
, and news bureaus
in 151 countries in 201 locations. AFP transmits stories, videos, photos and graphics in French
, and German
Established as a state enterprise
, AFP devoted the post-war years to developing its network of international correspondents. One of them was the first Western journalist to report the death of the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin
on 6 March 1953. AFP was keen to shake off its semi-official status, and on 10 January 1957, the French Parliament
passed a law establishing its independence. Since that date, the proportion of the agency's revenues generated by subscriptions from government departments has steadily declined. Such subscriptions represented 115 million Euros in 2011.
In 1982, the agency began to decentralize its editorial decision-making by setting up the first of its five autonomous regional centres, in Hong Kong, then a British dependent territory
. Each region has its own budget, administrative director
and chief editor
. In September 2007, the AFP Foundation was launched to promote higher standards of journalism worldwide.
On 10 December 2009, the French Culture Minister Frédéric Mitterrand
announced that he was setting up a Committee of Experts under former AFP CEO Henri Pigeat to study plans for the agency's future status.
On February 24, 2010, Pierre Louette unexpectedly announced his intention to resign as CEO by the end of March, and move to a job with France Télécom
In November 2013, AFP and Getty Images
were ordered to pay $1.2 million compensation to freelance photojournalist Daniel Morel for using his images posted on Twitter
related to the 2010 Haiti earthquake
without his permission, in violation of copyright and Twitter's terms of service.
Prizes and awards
In 1983, the Albert Londres Prize
was awarded to Patrick Meney [fr]
who wrote a series of articles about 600 French people forcibly detained in the Gulag
after World War II. In 1984, his book Les Mains coupées de la Taïga
In 1988, Sammy Ketz received the next Albert Londres Prize.
Together with his colleague from the liberation movement, Serge Chalandon, he covered the events of the Libyan Civil War for 6 years.
On October 17, 2014, AFP international director Michelle Leridon received the Investigation and Reporting Award at the International Congress of Journalism and Information. Michelle Leridon sat the author of the article "Covering ISIS", which was posted on the agency's blog.
In December 2014, Bulent Kilic was named Time
magazine Photojournalist of the Year for his coverage of events in the Middle East and Europe.
The photographer received the same acknowledgement from The Guardian
In 1988, the agency has its own department of infographics
- AFP Graphics, which today creates about 70 graphics per day. According to the information provided by the agency's website, thematically infographics have the following distribution: 31% - politics
, 27% - economics
, 18% - sports
, 12% - society
, 10% - general news
, 2% - culture
. Infographics are available in 6 languages: French, English, Arabic, Portuguese, Spanish and German.
In 2014, AFP launches a content platform that is available on all electronic media: computers, tablets and mobile phones. The AFP forum is divided into several sections, including homepage, text materials, photos, videos and graphics. News can be filtered by headings (news, business, sports, science), hashtags and by geographical regions (Africa, North America, Europe, etc.). All information is available in 8 languages: French, English, Arabic, Portuguese, Spanish, German, Traditional and Simplified Chinese. In total, there are about 1250 illustrated materials per day, available in XML
AFP Video services
In July 2001, the agency announced the launch of AFP Video services, a video graphics division. Already in 2007, the agency launches AFPTV - a project in which all news from 2011 appear in HD video format. As of 2015, 200 videos in 7 different languages appear on the site every day.
In 2008, Mobile services appeared - a separate digital platform for mobile phones. News in Mobile services is available in 6 languages (French, English, Arabic, Portuguese, Spanish, German) and is divided into 22 thematic blocks: world news, world sports, football, top pages, Middle East, US news, Asia and Pacific news region, photos, videos, UK news, Africa, business, sports in the US, South African news, science, cricket, US politics, culture, Canada, lifestyle, technology and media, more. In addition to the section by headings, the news is divided into 100 categories (crime, energy, military conflicts, human rights, etc.), 43 countries, 70 cities and 100 hashtags. There is also a general search.
AFP operates under a 1957 law as a commercial business independent of the French government
. AFP is administered by a CEO
and a board comprising 15 members:
- Agence France-Presse may under no circumstances take account of influences or considerations liable to compromise the exactitude or the objectivity of the information it provides; it may under no circumstances fall under the control, either de facto or de jure, of any ideological, political or economic grouping;
- Agence France-Presse must, to the full extent that its resources permit, develop and enhance its organisation so as to provide French and foreign users with exact, impartial and trustworthy information on a regular and uninterrupted basis;
- Agence France-Presse must, to the full extent that its resources permit, ensure the existence of a network of facilities giving it the status of a worldwide information service.
The board elects the CEO for a renewable term of three years. The AFP also has a council charged with ensuring that the agency operates according to its statutes, which mandate absolute independence
and neutrality. Editorially, AFP is governed by a network of senior journalists.
The primary client of AFP is the French government, which purchases subscriptions for its various services. In practice, those subscriptions are an indirect subsidy
to AFP. The statutes of the agency prohibit direct government subsidies.
Number of employees
Based in Paris, AFP covers 151 countries, with 201 offices, 50 local correspondents and five regional centres:
Washington (North America) Hong Kong (Asia-Pacific) Montevideo (Latin America) Nicosia (Middle East) Paris (Europe and Africa)
AFP says it employs 2,400 people of 100 different nationalities, including 1,700 journalists. It provides information in six languages (French, English, Spanish, German, Portuguese and Arabic), twenty-four hours a day.
Notable investments include:
- ^ a b c Toal, Gerard (2014). Thrift, Nigel; Tickell, Adam; Woolgar, Steve; Rupp, William H. (eds.). Globalization in Practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 199. ISBN 978-0199212620.
- ^ James F. Broderick; Darren W. Miller (2007). Consider the Source: A Critical Guide to 100 Prominent News and Information Sites on the Web. Information Today, Inc. pp. 1. ISBN 978-0-910965-77-4.
- ^ Kuhn, Raymond (1 March 2011). The Media In Contemporary France. New York: McGraw-Hill Education. p. 3. ISBN 978-0335236220.
- ^ Palmer, M. B. (1976). "L'Office Français d'Information (1940-1944)". Revue d'Histoire de la Deuxième Guerre Mondiale. 26 (101): 19–40. JSTOR 25728734.
- ^ "N° 3806 tome VII – Avis de M. Michel Françaix sur le projet de loi de finances pour 2012 (n°3775)". Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- ^ Andrew, Christopher, Vasili Mitrokhin (2000). The Sword and the Shield: The Mitrokhin Archive and the Secret History of the KGB. Basic Books. ISBN 0-465-00312-5. p. 169-171
- ^ AFP and Financial Wires Encroach on Original Market : Reuters News: Clients Defect. By Erik Ipsen, Published: February 13, 1992 nytimes.com
- ^ Thomson Financial acquires AFX. Publication: Information World Review Publish date: July 10, 2006, highbeam.com
- ^ "Bienvenue sur le site du SNJ". Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- ^ "Actualités". Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- ^ "December 2009: Government Sets up Committee to Study Agency's Future". Archived from the original on 16 January 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- ^ Ax, Joseph (22 November 2013). "Photographer wins $1.2 million from companies that took pictures off Twitter". Reuters. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
- ^ Laurent, Olivier (24 November 2013). "Getty Images disappointed at $1.2m Morel verdict". British Journal of Photography. Incisive Media. Archived from the original on 26 November 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
- ^ Agence France-Presse (17 January 2012). "AFP management".
- ^ a b "Les lauréats". www.scam.fr.
- ^ https://time.com/3611797/bulent-kilic-wire-photographer-of-2014/
- ^ "Full Text of AFP's Statutes in English". Agence France-Presse. 12 June 2017. Retrieved 22 October 2018.
- ^ Agence France-Presse (2020). "L'AFP en chiffres". Archived from the original on 1 January 2020.
- ^ Aubert, Aurélie; Nicey, Jérémie (2017). Allan, Stuart (ed.). Photojournalism and Citizen Journalism: Co-operation, Collaboration and Connectivity. New York, NY: Taylor & Francis. p. 238. ISBN 978-1351813457.
Last edited on 11 June 2021, at 02:57
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