On the 22 May 2013, IDB tripled its authorized capital to $150 billion to better serve Muslims in member and non-member countries.
The Bank has received credit ratings of AAA from Standard & Poor's,
Saudi Arabia holds about one quarter of the bank's paid up capital.
The IDB is an observer
at the United Nations General Assembly
The present membership of the Bank consists of 57 countries. The basic condition for membership is that the prospective member country should be a member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
(OIC), pay its contribution to the capital of the Bank and be willing to accept such terms and conditions as may be decided upon by the IDB Board of Governors.
IDB Major Shareholders as at 30 Dhul Hijjah 1432H (25 November 2011)
Ranked on the basis of paid-up capital
(as of August 2015),
major shareholders include:
- Saudi Arabia (26.57%)
- Algeria (10.66%)
- Iran (9.32%)
- Egypt (9.22%)
- Turkey (8.41%)
- United Arab Emirates (7.54%)
- Kuwait (7.11%)
- Pakistan (3.31%)
- Libya (3.31%)
- Indonesia (2.93%)
Country Membership in the Entities of IDB Group 
IDB has evolved into a group of five Entities, consisting of Islamic Development Bank (IDB), Islamic Research & Training Institute (IRTI), Islamic Corporation for Development of the Private Sector (ICD), Islamic Corporation for Insurance of Investment and Export Credit
(ICIEC) and International Islamic Trade Finance Corporation (ITFC).
IDB Group is engaged in a wide range of specialized and integrated activities such as:
- Project financing in the public and private sectors;
- Development assistance for poverty alleviation;
- Technical assistance for capacity-building;
- Economic and trade cooperation among member countries;
- Trade financing;
- SME financing;
- Resource mobilization;
- Direct equity investment in Islamic financial institutions;
- Insurance and reinsurance coverage for investment and export credit;
- Research and training programs in Islamic economics and banking;
- Awqaf investment and financing;
- Special assistance and scholarships for member countries and Muslim communities in non-member countries;
- Emergency relief; and
- Advisory services for public and private entities in member countries.
Projects and programs
The Gao Bridge in Mali:
Until a few years ago, crossing the Niger River at Gao
was done by a ferry that might or might not be operating. This hindered progress and discouraged trade. The Gao Bridge financed by the IDB connected the once isolated Gao Region in eastern Mali to the heartland.
Dr. Ali had previously declared that IDB was responsible for the smooth functioning of al-Quds Intifada Fund and al-Aqsa Fund, both established during an Arab summit in Cairo in October 2000. According to the final communiqué of the summit, “Al-Quds Intifada Fund will have capital of 200 million dollars to be allocated for disbursement to the families of Palestinian martyrs fallen in the Intifada.”
According to a US State Department cable sent in 2007 and later released by Wikileaks, a State Department investigation found no "evidence sufficient to corroborate Israeli and press allegations of IDB links to terrorism".
However, according to NGO Monitor
, a pro-Israeli NGO based in Jerusalem, the Islamic Development Bank is a major contributor to Islamic Relief Worldwide
, an organization considered by some to support terrorism and extremism.
For example, the United Arab Emirates
listed Islamic Relief Worldwide as a terrorist organization in 2014.
However, the British government undertook a national investigation into the matter at the request of the UAE government and the final report cleared the international charity.
Neither the Islamic Development Bank nor the Islamic Relief Worldwide organization has ever been designated a terrorist entity or as an organization funding terrorism by the UN or the US government.
- ^ "UN Secretary General Praises IDB Group's Role in Supporting Member Countries' Plans and Programs". Retrieved 4 February 2016.
- ^ Taylor & Francis Group; Dean, Lucy (2003), The Middle East and North Africa 2004: 2004 (Illustrated ed.), Routledge, ISBN 1-85743-184-7
- ^ "About IDB". Islamic Development Bank. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
- ^ Epstein, Matthew (September 2003). "Saudi Support for Islamic Extremism in the United States" (PDF). Islam Daily. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 December 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2012.
- ^ Islamic Development Bank triples authorised capital| reuters.com|2013/05/22
- ^ "Capital Markets". ISDB. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- ^ "Moody's rating" (PDF). ISDB. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- ^ "Fitch rating" (PDF). ISDB. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- ^ a b "IDB Group in Brief". Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- ^ "The Gao Bridge in Mali" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 December 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
- ^ "Jihad Economics and Islamic Banking". Archived from the original on 1 February 2016. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
- ^ Dave Clark. "Banking on terrorism in Australia". Retrieved 27 January 2016.
- ^ >Silverberg, Kristen (March 23, 2007). "Instructions on Resolution Requesting Observer Status for the Islamic Development Bank Group". Wikileaks Cable.
- ^ "Islamic Relief Worldwide (IRW)". NGO Monitor. 2020-08-25. Retrieved 2020-09-13.
- ^ "List of groups designated terrorist organizations by the UAE". The National. 2014-11-16. Retrieved 2020-09-13.
- ^ "Report clears Muslim charity of institutional antisemitism". 29 January 2021.
- ^ https://scsanctions.un.org/consolidated/
- ^ "Foreign Terrorist Organizations".
Last edited on 28 August 2021, at 12:16
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