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List of presidents of Turkey
  (Redirected from List of Presidents of Turkey)
The following is a complete list of people who held the office of President of Turkey. There have been twelve heads of state since the inception of the republican period in 1923, following the Turkish War of Independence.For a list of rulers of the predecessor Ottoman Empire, see List of sultans of the Ottoman Empire.
List of presidents (1923–present)
Political parties
Other factions
Status
  Denotes acting president
No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Term of officePolitical partyPrevious officeElected
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
Parliamentary system (1923–2018)
1
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
(1881–1938)
29 October 19231 November 192715 years, 12 daysRepublican People's Party1st Speaker of the Grand National Assembly11923
1 November 19274 May 193121927
4 May 19311 March 193531931
1 March 193510 November 1938
(died in office.)
41935
Abdülhalik Renda
(1881–1957)
10 November 193811 November 19381 dayRepublican People's Party4th Speaker of the Grand National Assembly
2
İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
11 November 19383 April 193911 years, 197 daysRepublican People's Party1st Prime Minister of Turkey51938
3 April 19398 March 194361939
8 March 19435 August 194671943
5 August 194627 May 195081946
3
Celâl Bayar
(1883–1986)
27 May 195014 May 195410 yearsDemocrat Party3rd Prime Minister of Turkey91950
14 May 19541 November 1957101954
1 November 195727 May 1960[a]111957
National Unity Committee
Milli Birlik Komitesi
Chairman: General Cemal Gürsel
(1895–1966)
27 May 196010 October 19611 year, 136 daysMartial law (sıkıyönetim)
by Turkish Armed Forces
10th Commander of the Turkish Army
4
Cemal Gürsel
(1895–1966)
10 October 19612 February 1966[b]4 years, 115 daysIndependentChairman of the National Unity Committee121961
İbrahim Şevki Atasagun
(1899–1984)
2 February 196628 March 196654 daysIndependent3rd Chairman of the Senate of Turkey
5
Cevdet Sunay
(1899–1982)
28 March 196628 March 19737 yearsIndependent12th Chief of the Turkish General Staff131966
Tekin Arıburun
(1903–1993)
28 March 19736 April 19739 daysJustice Party4th Chairman of the Senate of Turkey
6
Fahri Korutürk
(1903–1987)
6 April 19736 April 19807 yearsIndependent3rd Commander of the Turkish Navy141973
İhsan Sabri Çağlayangil
(1908–1993)
6 April 198012 September 1980[c]159 daysJustice Party6th Chairman of the Senate of Turkey
National Security Council
Milli Güvenlik Kurulu
Chairman: General Kenan Evren
(1917–2015)
12 September 19809 November 19822 years, 58 daysMartial law (sıkıyönetim)
by Turkish Armed Forces
17th Chief of the Turkish General Staff
7
Kenan Evren
(1917–2015)
9 November 19829 November 19897 yearsIndependentChairman of the National Security Council151982
8
Turgut Özal
(1927–1993)
9 November 198917 April 1993
(died in office.)
3 years, 159 daysMotherland Party19th Prime Minister of Turkey161989
Hüsamettin Cindoruk
(born 1933)
17 April 199316 May 199329 daysTrue Path Party17th Speaker of the Grand National Assembly
9
Süleyman Demirel
(1924–2015)
16 May 199316 May 20007 yearsTrue Path Party12th Prime Minister of Turkey171993
10
Ahmet Necdet Sezer
(born 1941)
16 May 200028 August 20077 years, 104 daysIndependent14th President of the Constitutional Court of Turkey182000
11
Abdullah Gül
(born 1950)
28 August 200728 August 20147 yearsJustice and Development Party40th Minister of Foreign Affairs192007
12
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
(born 1954)
28 August 20149 July 20183 years, 315 daysJustice and Development Party25th Prime Minister of Turkey202014
Presidential system (2018–present)
12
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
(born 1954)
9 July 2018Incumbent3 years, 76 daysJustice and Development Party25th Prime Minister of Turkey212018
Timeline
Notes
  1. ^ Deposed in the 1960 Turkish coup d'état.
  2. ^ Removed from office due to ill health.
  3. ^ Deposed in the 1980 Turkish coup d'état.
See also
External links
Past presidents, Presidency of the Republic of Turkey.
Last edited on 23 September 2021, at 17:05
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