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List of heads of state of Libya
This article lists the heads of state of Libya since the country's independence in 1951.
Heads of state of Libya (1951–present)
Kingdom of Libya (1951–1969)
No.NamePortraitLifespanReignDynasty
Reign startReign endDuration
King of Libya
1Idris I
1889–198324 December 19511 September 196917 years, 251 daysSenussi
The first and only King of Libya. Deposed in the 1969 coup d'état.
Libya under Gaddafi (1969–2011)
Libyan Arab Republic (1969–1977)
No.NamePortraitLifespanTerm of officePolitical party
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council
2Muammar Gaddafi
1942–20111 September 19692 March 19777 years, 182 daysMilitary /
Arab Socialist Union
Gaddafi dissolved the Revolutionary Command Council on 2 March 1977, after the General People's Congress adopted the Declaration on the Establishment of the Authority of the People.
Secretaries-General of the General People's Congress
(2)Muammar Gaddafi
1942–20112 March 19772 March 19792 years, 0 daysMilitary /
Independent
(Islamic socialist)
Gaddafi renounced all government functions on 2 March 1979. However, as leader of the revolution (officially "Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution"), he retained ultimate control over Libya until he was deposed and killed during the 2011 Civil War.[1][2]
3Abdul Ati al-Obeidi
born 19392 March 19797 January 19811 year, 311 daysIndependent
(Islamic socialist)
Previously served as Secretary-General of the General People's Committee (Prime Minister), from 1977 to 1979.
4Muhammad az-Zaruq Rajab
born 19407 January 198115 February 19843 years, 39 daysIndependent
(Islamic socialist)
Afterwards served as Secretary-General of the General People's Committee (Prime Minister), from 1984 to 1986.
5Mifta al-Usta Umar
1935–201015 February 19847 October 19906 years, 234 daysIndependent
(Islamic socialist)
Served at the time of the 1986 United States bombing (Operation El Dorado Canyon).
6Abdul Razzaq as-Sawsa
1933–20167 October 199018 January 19921 year, 103 daysIndependent
(Islamic socialist)
7Muhammad az-Zanati
born 194418 January 19923 March 200816 years, 45 daysIndependent
(Islamic socialist)
8Miftah Muhammed K'eba
born 19473 March 20085 March 20091 year, 2 daysIndependent
(Islamic socialist)
9Imbarek Shamekh
born 19525 March 2009[3]26 January 2010327 daysIndependent
(Islamic socialist)
Previously served as Secretary-General of the General People's Committee (Prime Minister), from 2000 to 2003.
10Mohamed Abu al-Qasim al-Zwai
born 195226 January 2010[4]23 August 20111 year, 209 daysIndependent
(Islamic socialist)
Served at the time of the First Civil War and the concurrent foreign military intervention. Deposed during the Battle of Tripoli.
Transitional period (2011–present)
Chairman of the National Transitional Council
11Mustafa Abdul Jalil
born 19525 March 20118 August 20121 year, 156 daysIndependent
In rebellion to 23 August 2011, based in Benghazi during this period.
Presidents of the General National Congress
Mohammed Ali Salim
Acting President
born 19358 August 20129 August 20121 dayIndependent
Symbolic head of state for the handover of power from the NTC.
12Mohammed Magariaf
born 19409 August 201228 May 2013292 daysNational Front Party
Resigned to comply with the Political Isolation Law passed by the GNC on 14 May 2013.
Giuma Ahmed Atigha
Acting President
born 195028 May 201325 June 201328 daysIndependent
13Nouri Abusahmain
born 195625 June 20135 April 20162 years, 285 daysIndependent
In rebellion, based in Tripoli. Internationally recognized until 4 August 2014.
Following the 2014 legislative election, the government was split between the newly-elected House of Representatives and the outgoing General National Congress, resulting in the ongoing civil war. The 2014 legislative elections were declared invalid by the Libyan Supreme Court in November 2014.
Presidents of the House of Representatives
Abu Bakr Baira
Acting President
born 19414 August 20145 August 20141 dayIndependent
Symbolic head of state for the handover of power from the GNC.
14Aguila Saleh Issa
born 19445 August 201415 March 20216 years, 222 daysIndependent
In rebellion, based in Tobruk. Internationally recognized until 12 March 2016.
Following the inauguration of the Presidential Council and the Government of National Accord, the government remained split between the House of Representatives and the National Salvation Government, recreated after the 2016 coup d'état attempt. Afterwards, the High Council of the Revolution was created as well. However, the High Council of State, based in Tripoli, recognized the GNA.
Chairmen of the Presidential Council
15Fayez al-Sarraj
born 196030 March 201615 March 20214 years, 350 daysIndependent
Internationally recognized, based in Tripoli. Simultaneously served as Prime Minister of the Government of National Accord.
16Mohamed al-Menfi
born 197615 March 2021Incumbent168 daysIndependent
Internationally recognized, based in Tripoli.
See also
References
  1. ^ Wynne-Jones, Jonathan (19 March 2011). "Libyan minister claims Gaddafi is powerless and the ceasefire is 'solid'". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
  2. ^ "Gaddafi: Libya dignity under attack". Al Jazeera. 2 March 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2011. Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi has said that he is not a president and so cannot resign his position, and that power is in the hands of the people, during a televised public rally in the capital, Tripoli.
  3. ^ "Limited Reshuffle in GP Congress, GP Committee". The Tripoli Post. 6 March 2009. Archived from the original on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  4. ^ "Friend of Gaddafi named to head Libyan parliament". afran.ir. 27 January 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
External links
World Statesmen – Libya
Last edited on 23 July 2021, at 05:41
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