strike - Wiktionary
strike
See also: Strike
English
Etymology
From Middle English striken, from Old Englishstrīcan, from Proto-Germanic *strīkaną, from Proto-Indo-European *streyg- (“to stroke, rub, press”). Cognate with Dutch strijken, Germanstreichen, Danish stryge, Icelandic strýkja, strýkva.
Pronunciation
Verb
strike (third-person singular simple presentstrikes, present participle striking, simple paststruck, past participle struck or (see usage notes) stricken or (archaic) strucken)
  1. (transitive, sometimes with out or through) To delete or cross out; to scratch or eliminate.
    Please strike the last sentence.
  2. (physical) To have a sharp or sudden effect.
    1. (transitive) To hit.
      Strike the door sharply with your foot and see if it comes loose.  A bullet struck him.The ship struck a reef.
      c. 1606–1607, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Anthonie and Cleopatra”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC606515358, [Act III, scene xi], page 356, column 1:
      […] he at Philippi kept / His ſword e'ne like a dancer, while I ſtrooke / The leane and wrinkled Caſſius, […]
    2. (transitive) To give, as a blow; to impel, as with a blow; to give a force to; to dash; to cast.
    3. (intransitive) To deliver a quick blow or thrust; to give blows.
      A hammer strikes against the bell of a clock.
      1591, William Shakespeare, “The Second Part of Henry the Sixt, []”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene i], page 168, column 2:
      Nay when? ſtrike now, or elſe the Iron cooles.
    4. (transitive) To manufacture, as by stamping.
      We will strike a medal in your honour.
      1977, Jaques Heyman, Equilibrium of Shell Structures, Clarendon Press, Oxford, page 107:
      [I]n practice, small deformations will occur in the shell on striking the shuttering, or... alternatively, some small deformations are due to slightly imperfect placing of the original formwork.
    5. (intransitive, dated) To run upon a rock or bank; to be stranded; to run aground.
      The ship struck in the night.
    6. (transitive) To cause to sound by one or more beats; to indicate or notify by audible strokes. Of a clock, to announce (an hour of the day), usually by one or more sounds.
      The clock struck twelve.  The drums strike up a march.
    7. (intransitive) To sound by percussion, with blows, or as if with blows.
      1816, Lord Byron, Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage. Canto the Third, London: Printed for John Murray, […], OCLC1015450009, canto III, stanza XXI, page 13:
      But hush! hark! a deep sound strikes like a rising knell!
    8. (transitive) To cause or produce by a stroke, or suddenly, as by a stroke.
      to strike a light
      1629, John Milton, “On the Morning of Christs Nativity”, in Poems of Mr. John Milton, [], London: […] Ruth Raworth for Humphrey Mosely, […], published 1645, OCLC606951673, The Hymn, stanza III, page 3:
      And waving wide her mirtle wand / She ſtrikes a univerſall Peace through Sea and Land.
      And waving wide her myrtle wand, / She strikes a universal peace through sea and land.
    9. (transitive) To cause to ignite by friction.
      to strike a match
  3. (transitive) To thrust in; to cause to enter or penetrate.
    A tree strikes its roots deep.
  4. (personal, social) To have a sharp or severe effect.
    1. (transitive) To punish; to afflict; to smite.
      Alſo to puniſh the iuſt is not good, nor to ſtrike princes for equitie.
    2. (intransitive) To carry out a violent or illegal action.
      1920, Mary Roberts Rinehart; Avery Hopwood, “The Shadow of the Bat”, in The Bat: A Novel from the Play (Dell Book; 241), New York, N.Y.: Dell Publishing Company, OCLC 20230794, page 6:
      The Bat—they called him the Bat. Like a bat he chose the night hours for his work of rapine; like a bat he struck and vanished, pouncingly, noiselessly; like a bat he never showed himself to the face of the day.
    3. (intransitive) To act suddenly, especially in a violent or criminal way.
      The bank robber struck on the 2nd and 5th of May.
    4. (transitive, figuratively) To impinge upon.
      The first thing to strike my eye was a beautiful pagoda.  Tragedy struck when his brother was killed in a bush fire.
      1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter I, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., OCLC222716698, page 1:
      In the old days, to my commonplace and unobserving mind, he gave no evidences of genius whatsoever. He never read me any of his manuscripts, […], and therefore my lack of detection of his promise may in some degree be pardoned. But he had then none of the oddities and mannerisms which I hold to be inseparable from genius, and which struck my attention in after days when I came in contact with the Celebrity.
    5. (intransitive) To stop working as a protest to achieve better working conditions.
      Synonym: strike work
      1889, New York (State). Dept. of Labor. Bureau of Statistics, Annual Report (part 2, page 127)
      Two men were put to work who could not set their looms; a third man was taken on who helped the inefficients to set the looms. The other weavers thought this was a breach of their union rules and 18 of them struck […]
    6. (transitive) To impress, seem or appear (to).
      Golf has always struck me as a waste of time.
      1895 May 7, H[erbert] G[eorge] Wells, “The Palace of Green Porcelain”, in The Time Machine: An Invention, New York, N.Y.: Henry Holt and Company, OCLC 4701980, page 163:
      I fancied at first the stuff was paraffin wax, and smashed the jar accordingly. But the odor of camphor was unmistakable. It struck me as singularly odd, that among the universal decay, this volatile substance had chanced to survive, perhaps through many thousand years.
    7. (transitive) To create an impression.
      The news struck a sombre chord.
      The story struck the depressingly familiar note with which true stories ring in the tried ears of experienced policemen. No one queried it. It was in the classic pattern of human weakness, mean and embarrassing and sad.
    8. (sports) To score a goal.
      2010 December 28, Marc Vesty, “Stoke 0-2 Fulham”, in BBC:
      Defender Chris Baird struck twice early in the first half to help Fulham move out of the relegation zone and ease the pressure on manager Mark Hughes.
    9. To make a sudden impression upon, as if by a blow; to affect with some strong emotion.
      to strike the mind with surprise;  to strike somebody with wonder, alarm, dread, or horror
      • 1734, Francis Atterbury, “A Sermon Preached at the Rolls, December 24, 1710: The Baptist's Message to Jesus, and Jesus's Answer Explained”, in Sermons on Several Occasions, volume I, published from the originals by Thomas Moore, new edition, London; reprinted in Sermons and Discourses on Several Subjects and Occasions, volume II, London, 1820, page 25:
        In like manner the writings of mere men […] strike and surprise us most upon our first perusal of them […].
      • 1734, Alexander Pope, An Epistle To The Right Honourable Richard Lord Viscount Cobham; reprinted in Henry W. Boynton, editor, The Complete Poetical Works of Alexander Pope (The Cambridge Edition of the Poets), Boston; New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1903, lines 141–144, page 159:
        Court-virtues bear, like gems, the highest rate, / Born where Heav'n's influence scarce can penetrate. / In life's low vale, the soil the virtues like, / They please as beauties, here as wonders strike.
    10. To affect by a sudden impression or impulse.
      The proposed plan strikes me favourably.  May the Lord strike down those sinners!I was struck dumb with astonishment.
    11. (intransitive, Britain, obsolete, slang) To steal or rob; to take forcibly or fraudulently.
      • 1567, Thomas Harman, “The vpright Coſe cateth to the Roge. [The Upright Man speaketh to the Rogue.]”, in A Caveat or Warning for Common Cursitors, vulgarly called vagabonds; reprinted in Charles Hindley, editor, A Caveat or Warning for Common Cursetors, Vulgarly called Vagabonds, London: Reeves and Turner, 1871, page 119:
        Now we haue well bousd, let vs strike some chete.
        Now we have well drunk, let us steal something.
      • 1591, Robert Greene, “A discourse, or rather discovery of the Nip and the Foist, laying open the nature of the Cutpurse and Pick-pocket.”, in The Second Part of Conny-catching, London: John Wolfe; reprinted in Alexander B. Grosart, editor, The Life and Complete Works in Prose and Verse of Robert Greene, volume 10, London; Aylesbury: Hazell, Watson and Viney, 1881, page 112:
        Hee being thus duſted with meale, intreated the meale man to wipe it out of his necke, and ſtoopte downe his head: the meale man laughing to ſee him ſo rayed and whited, was willing to ſhake off the meal, and the whilſt, while hee was buſie about that, the Nippe had ſtroken the purſe and done his feate, and both courteouſly thanked the meale man and cloſely / went away with his purchaſe.
        He being thus dusted with meal, entreated the meal-man to wipe it out of his neck, and stooped down his head, the meal-man laughing to see him so arrayed and whited, was willing to shake off the meal, and while he was busy about that, the nip had stroken the purse and done his feat, and both courteously thanked the meal-man and closely went away with his purchase.[1]
    12. (slang, archaic) To borrow money from; to make a demand upon.
      1655, James Shirley, The Gentleman of Venice; reprinted in William Gifford; Alexander Dyce, editors, The Dramatic Works and Poems of James Shirley, volume 5, London: John Murray, 1833, page 6:
      I must borrow money, / And that some call a striking; [...]
  5. To touch; to act by appulse.
    1689 (indicated as 1690), [John Locke], “Some Farther Considerations Concerning Our Simple Ideas”, in An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding. [], London: […] Eliz[abeth] Holt, for Thomas Basset, […], OCLC 153628242, book II, § 19, page 58:
    Let us conſider the red and white colours in Porphyre: Hinder light, but from ſtriking on it, and its Colours vaniſh […].
  6. (transitive) To take down, especially in the following contexts.
    1. (nautical) To haul down or lower (a flag, mast, etc.)
    2. (by extension) To capitulate; to signal a surrender by hauling down the colours.
      The frigate has struck, sir! We've beaten them, the lily-livers!
      1724, [Gilbert] Burnet, “Book III. Of the Rest of King Charles II’s Reign, from the Year 1673 to the Year 1685, in which He Died.”, in [Gilbert Burnet Jr.], editor, Bishop Burnet’s History of His Own Time. […], volume I, London: […] Thomas Ward […], OCLC 863504080, pages 396–397:
      He [King Charles II] ſent him [the Earl of Essex] Embaſſador to Denmark, where his behaviour in the affair of the flag gained him much reputation: […] Lord Eſſex's firſt buſineſs was to juſtify his behaviour in refuſing to ſtrike.[…] And he found very good materials to juſtify his conduct; ſince by formal treaties it had been expreſſly ſtipulated, that the Engliſh ſhips of war ſhould not ſtrike in the Daniſh ſeas.
    3. To dismantle and take away (a theater set; a tent; etc.).
      • 1851 November 14, Herman Melville, “Merry Christmas”, in Moby-Dick; or, The Whale, 1st American edition, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers; London: Richard Bentley, OCLC57395299, page 113:
        Strike the tent there!”—was the next order. As I hinted before, this whalebone marquee was never pitched except in port; and on board the Pequod, for thirty years, the order to strike the tent was well known to be the next thing to heaving up the anchor.
      • 1979, Texas Monthly (volume 7, number 8, page 109)
        The crew struck the set with a ferocity hitherto unseen, an army more valiant in retreat than advance.
  7. (intransitive) To set off on a walk or trip.
    They struck off along the river.
    1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
    I stumbled along through the young pines and huckleberry bushes. Pretty soon I struck into a sort of path that, I cal'lated, might lead to the road I was hunting for. It twisted and turned, and, the first thing I knew, made a sudden bend around a bunch of bayberry scrub and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn.
  8. (intransitive) To pass with a quick or strong effect; to dart; to penetrate.
  9. (dated) To break forth; to commence suddenly; with into.
    to strike into reputation;  to strike into a run
  10. (intransitive) To become attached to something; said of the spat of oysters.
  11. To make and ratify.
    to strike a bargain
  12. To level (a measure of grain, salt, etc.) with a straight instrument, scraping off what is above the level of the top.
  13. (masonry) To cut off (a mortar joint, etc.) even with the face of the wall, or inward at a slight angle.
  14. To hit upon, or light upon, suddenly.
    My eye struck a strange word in the text.  They soon struck the trail.
  15. (sugar-making, obsolete) To lade thickenedsugar cane juice from a teache into a cooler.
    1793, Bryan Edwards, The History, Civil and Commercial, of the British Colonies in the West Indies, volume II, London: John Stockdale; republished in volume III, englarged and corrected edition, Philadelphia: James Humphreys, 1806, page 46:
    In the teache the subject is still further evaporated, till it is judged sufficiently boiled to be removed from the fire. This operation is usually called striking; (i.e.) lading the liquor, now exceedingly thick, into the cooler.
  16. To stroke or pass lightly; to wave.
    1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: […] Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981, 2 Kings 5:11, columns 2–1:
    […] Beholde, I thought, He will […]ſtrike his hand ouer the place, and recouer the leper.
  17. (obsolete) To advance; to cause to go forward; used only in the past participle.
    c. 1593, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Richard the Third: []”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene i], page 174, column 1:
    […] Well ſtrooke in yeares, […]
  18. To balance (a ledger or account).
Usage notes
The past participle of strike is usually struck (e.g. He'd struck it rich, or When the clock had struck twelve, etc.); stricken is significantly rarer. However, it is still found in transitive constructions where the subject is the object of an implied action, especially in the phrases "stricken with/by (an affliction)" or "stricken (something) from the record" (e.g. The Court has stricken the statement from the record, or The city was stricken with disease, etc.). Except for in these contexts, stricken is almost never found in informal or colloquial speech.
Derived terms
Translations
to delete
to hit
transitive: to give, as a blow; to give force to
Finnish: iskeä (fi)
Swedish: slå (sv), träffa (sv)
intransitive: to deliver a quick blow or thrust
to manufacture by stamping
dated: to run upon a rock or bank
Finnish: ajaa karille
to cause to sound by one or more beats
Swedish: slå (sv), anslå (sv)
to sound by percussion
Finnish: lyödä (fi)
Swedish: anslå (sv)
to cause or produce by a stroke
Finnish: räväyttää
to cause to ignite by friction
Finnish: raapaista
to thrust in; to cause to enter or penetrate
Finnish: tunkea (fi)
to punish; to afflict; to smite
Finnish: lyödä (fi)
to carry out a violent or illegal action
Finnish: iskeä (fi)
to act suddenly
Finnish: iskeä (fi)
Swedish: slå till (sv)
to impinge upon
Finnish: iskeä (fi), koskettaa (fi); kiinnittää huomiota(to strike attention)
French: frapper (fr)
to stop working to achieve better working conditions
to impress, seem, appear
to create an impression
Finnish: vaikuttaa (fi)
French: frapper (fr)
to score
Finnish: iskeä (fi)
slang, obsolete: to steal money
Finnish: varastaa (fi)
to take forcibly or fraudulently
Finnish: ryöstää (fi)
to make a sudden impression upon, as if by a blow; to affect with some strong emotion
Swedish: slå (sv)
to affect by a sudden impression or impulse
Finnish: yllättää (fi); lyödä maahan (strike down); mykistää (fi), pysäyttää (fi) (strike dumb)
slang, archaic: to borrow money from; to make a demand upon
Finnish: vipata (fi) (to borrow)
to touch; to act by appulse
Finnish: koskea (fi)
nautical: to take down
Finnish:laskea (fi)
French:affaler (fr)
nautical: to surrender
to dismantle and take away
Finnish: purkaa (fi)
to set off on a walk or trip
Finnish: lähteäkulkemaan
to pass with a quick or strong effect; to dart; to penetrate
Finnish: lävistää (fi)
dated: to break forth
Finnish: rynnistää
of oysters: to become attached to something
Finnish: kiinnittyä (fi)
to make and ratify
Finnish: sopia (fi)
to level measure with a straight instrument
Finnish: tasata (fi)
masonry: to cut off even with the face of the wall
Finnish: iskeä (fi)
to hit upon, or light upon, suddenly
Finnish: sattua (fi)
to lade into a cooler
Finnish: laittaa (fi)
to stroke or pass lightly; to wave
Finnish: liikuttaa (fi)
obsolete: to advance; to cause to go forward
to balance, as a ledger or account
Finnish: tasata (fi)
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
Noun
strike (plural strikes)
  1. (baseball) A status resulting from a batter swinging and missing a pitch, or not swinging at a pitch when the ball goes in the strike zone, or hitting a foul ball that is not caught.
    1996, Lyle Lovett, "Her First Mistake" on The Road to Ensenada:
    It was then I knew I had made my third mistake. Yes, three strikes right across the plate, and as I hollered "Honey, please wait" she was gone.
  2. (bowling) The act of knocking down all ten pins in on the first roll of a frame.
  3. A work stoppage (or otherwise concerted stoppage of an activity) as a form of protest.
  4. A blow or application of physical force against something.
    Thus hand strikes now include single knuckle strikes, knife hand strikes, finger strikes, ridge hand strikes etc., and leg strikes include front kicks, knee strikes, axe kicks, ...
    • 1996, Annie Proulx, Accordion Crimes
      […] and they could hear the rough sound, could hear too the first strikes of rain as though called down by the music.
    • 2008, Lich King, "Attack of the Wrath of the War of the Death of the Strike of the Sword of the Blood of the Beast", Toxic Zombie Onslaught
      He's got machine guns and hatchets and swords / And some missiles and foods with trans-fats / He will unleash mass destruction, you're dead / You just got smashed... by the ¶ Attack of the Wrath of the / War of the Death of the / Strike of the Sword of the / Blood... of the Beast
  5. (finance) In an option contract, the price at which the holder buys or sells if they choose to exercise the option.
  6. An old English measure of corn equal to the bushel.
    1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, volume 4, page 207:
    The sum is also used for the quarter, and the strike for the bushel.
  7. (cricket) The status of being the batsman that the bowler is bowling at.
    The batsmen have crossed, and Dhoni now has the strike.
  8. The primary face of a hammer, opposite the peen.
  9. (geology) The compass direction of the line of intersection between a rock layer and the surface of the Earth.
  10. An instrument with a straight edge for levelling a measure of grain, salt, etc., scraping off what is above the level of the top; a strickle.
  11. (obsolete) Fullness of measure; hence, excellence of quality.
    1820, Walter Scott, chapter X, in Ivanhoe; a Romance. [], volume III, Edinburgh: […] Archibald Constable and Co.; London: Hurst, Robinson, and Co. […], OCLC 230694662, pages 266–267:
    […] our cellarer shall have orders to deliver to thee a butt of sack, a runlet of Malvesie, and three hogsheads of ale of the first strike, yearly—If that will not quench thy thirst, thou must come to court, and become acquainted with my butler.
  12. An iron pale or standard in a gate or fence.
  13. (ironworking) A puddler's stirrer.
  14. (obsolete) The extortion of money, or the attempt to extort money, by threat of injury; blackmail.
  15. The discovery of a source of something.
    2013 August 3, “Yesterday’s fuel”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8847:
    The dawn of the oil age was fairly recent. Although the stuff was used to waterproof boats in the Middle East 6,000 years ago, extracting it in earnest began only in 1859 after an oil strike in Pennsylvania. The first barrels of crude fetched $18 (around $450 at today’s prices).
  16. The strike plate of a door.
  17. (fishing) A nibble on the bait by a fish.
    2014, Michael Gorman, Effective Stillwater Fly Fishing (page 87)
    I must admit that my focus was divided, which limited my fishing success. I made a few casts, then arranged my inanimate subjects and took photos. When my indicator went down on my first strike, I cleanly missed the hook up.
Antonyms
(work stoppage): industrial peace; lockout
Derived terms
Translations
in baseball
in bowling
work stoppage
physical blow
  • Khmer: please add this translation if you can
  • Korean: please add this translation if you can
  • Latin: plāga (la) f
  • Maltese: daqqa f
  • Mongolian: please add this translation if you can
  • Plautdietsch: Schlach m
  • Polish: please add this translation if you can
  • Portuguese: ataque (pt) m
  • Russian: уда́р (ru) m(udár)
  • Scottish Gaelic: bualadh m
  • Spanish: please add this translation if you can
  • Swedish: slag (sv) n
  • Thai: please add this translation if you can
compass direction of the line of intersection between a rock layer and the surface of the Earth
Finnish: kulku (fi)
Irish: treo (ga) m
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
Esperanto: (please verify) maltrafo (1), (please verify) plentrafo (2)
Luxembourgish: (please verify) Streik
Descendants
German: streiken
References
^ Modernised spelling via Greene, Robert (2017) , “A discourse, or rather discovery of the Nip and the Foist, laying open the nature of the Cutpurse and Pick-pocket.”, in Ex-Classics Project, retrieved 2019-12-12, The Complete Cony-Catching by Robert Greene
Further reading
Anagrams
Kister, kiters, trikes
French
Pronunciation
IPA(key): /stʁajk/
Noun
strike m (plural strikes)
(bowling) a strike
Derived terms
striker
Related terms
spare
Italian
Noun
strike m (invariable)
strike (in baseball and ten-pin bowling)
Portuguese
Etymology
Borrowed from English strike.
Pronunciation
(Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈstɾajk/, /is.ˈtɾaj.ki/
Noun
strike m (plural strikes)
  1. (bowling) strike (the act of knocking down all pins)
  2. (baseball) strike (the act of missing a swing at the ball)
Spanish
Etymology
From English strike.
Pronunciation
IPA(key): /ˈstɾaik/, [ˈst̪ɾai̯k]
IPA(key): /esˈtɾaik/, [esˈt̪ɾai̯k]
Noun
strike m (plural strikes)
  1. (baseball) strike
    ¡Tres strikes y estás fuera! ― Three strikes, you're out!
  2. (bowling) strike
Last edited on 14 March 2021, at 01:20
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