Find Articles

 

Keyword SearchWhat is a Keyword search?
Tips for Keyword Searching
Keyword search chart
Modify your search
What is a Keyword search?
A keyword search looks for words or phrases that appear in the author, title, subtitle, notes, or subject heading fields in a catalog record of a particular work. Unlike the other searches, a keyword search can find words and phrases within a title, series, author or subject.
Keyword searches cannot be used to find items by LC Call Number, Dewey Call Number or ISBN/ISSN numbers. Keyword searches are not able to take advantage of cross-references that are available in author, title or subject searches.
Tips for Keyword Searching  
Keyword searching is also helpful if you want to find a song title listed on a CD or a poem, play or short story listed in a collection. You can even try searching for a favorite detective as long as they are listed somewhere in the catalog record.
For example:
Boogie Woogie Bugle
Hokey Pokey
Yellow Wallpaper
Last Yankee
Stephanie Plum
If you prefer to search by subject, but are unsure of the subject heading, do a keyword search and select a title that interests you. Locate the assigned subject heading in the catalog record and click on the hyperlink. That will take you to similar titles.
In keyword searching spelling does matter.
Keyword search chart  
You may search by a single word or phrase, but usually the search produces too many results. The following chart explains how to search effectively using keywords.
Keyword FeaturesExamples
Search a single wordgenetics
Search a phrasegenetic engineering; united states supreme court
To search for more than one term, use andwomen and Middle Ages
violence and television
Broaden a search by using orsoviet union or Russia; toys or games
Limit a search by using and notmexico and not new
Combine searches by using parentheses(teenagers or adolescents) and (eating disorders or anorexia)
Shorten words with the * symbol to find all possible endings​: (truncation)
  • Use a single asterisk * to truncate from 1 - 5 characters
  • Use a double asterisk ** for open-ended truncation
teen* = teen, teens, teenage, teenager, teenagers
garden*=garden, gardener, gardening, gardens and gardenia
Fyodor Dost** = Fyodor Dostoyevski
elec**=electric, electronic, electrical, electricity, election, elected
To do a field search for subject, author, title, or notes:
  • s: for a subject keyword search
  • a: for an author keyword search
  • t: for a title keyword search
  • n: for a notes keyword search (e.g. song, short story or play titles)
s:Dickinson and criticism
a:Hemingway and t:sea
n:can't buy me love
 
Modify your search
 
 
Often though this search retrieves too many items. From the results screen click on the Modify Search button. You can add additional words to your search or select various criteria to limit your search. You can limit the search by year, format, language, publisher or location. Use the pull-down menu to apply the limits.
Click here for additional information on modifying your search using limits.
 
Advanced Keyword SearchWhat is an Advanced Keyword search?
Tips for Keyword Searching
Keyword search chart
Limiting and modifying your search
What is an Advanced Keyword search?
An advanced keyword search looks for words or phrases that appear in the author, title, subtitle, notes, or subject heading fields in a catalog record of a particular work. Unlike the other searches, a keyword search can find words and phrases within a title, series, author or subject.
Keyword searches cannot be used to find items by LC Call Number, Dewey Call Number or ISBN/ISSN numbers. Keyword searches are not able to take advantage of cross-references that are available in author, title or subject searches.
Tips for Keyword Searching  
Keyword searching is also helpful if you want to find a song title listed on a CD or a poem, play or short story listed in a collection. You can even try searching for a favorite detective as long as they are listed somewhere in the catalog record.
For example:
Boogie Woogie Bugle
Hokey Pokey
Yellow Wallpaper
Last Yankee
Stephanie Plum
If you prefer to search by subject, but are unsure of the subject heading, do a keyword search and select a title that interests you. Locate the assigned subject heading in the catalog record and click on the hyperlink. That will take you to similar titles.
In keyword searching spelling does matter.
Advanced Keyword search chart  
You may search by a single word or phrase, but usually the search produces too many results. The following chart explains how to search effectively using keywords.
Advanced Keyword FeaturesExamples
Search a single wordgenetics
Search a phrasegenetic engineering; united states supreme court
To search for more than one term, use andwomen and Middle Ages
violence and television
Broaden a search by using orsoviet union or Russia; toys or games
Limit a search by using and notmexico and not new
Combine searches by using parentheses(teenagers or adolescents) and (eating disorders or anorexia)
Shorten words with the * symbol to find all possible endings​: (truncation)
  • Use a single asterisk * to truncate from 1 - 5 characters
  • Use a double asterisk ** for open-ended truncation
teen* = teen, teens, teenage, teenager, teenagers
garden*=garden, gardener, gardening, gardens and gardenia
Fyodor Dost** = Fyodor Dostoyevski
elec**=electric, electronic, electrical, electricity, election, elected
To do a field search for subject, author, title, or notes:
  • s: for a subject keyword search
  • a: for an author keyword search
  • t: for a title keyword search
  • n: for a notes keyword search (e.g. song, short story or play titles)
s:Dickinson and criticism
a:Hemingway and t:sea
n:can't buy me love
 
Limiting and modifying your search
 
 
 
In advanced keyword searching you have two options. The first option is to narrow your search before you submit your search. The second option is to modify your search once you've gotten your results. Often though this search retrieves too many items. From the results screen click on the Modify Search button. This will return you to the advanced keyword search screen, so that you can add additional words to your search or select various criteria to limit your search. You can limit the search by year, format, language, publisher or location. Use the pull-down menu to apply the limits.
 
Limit your search:
It is possible to select multiple values when limiting your searches for Material Type, Language, or Location.
For Windows users press <Ctrl> and use your mouse. For Mac users press <Cmd> and use your mouse.
More than one limit can be applied to your search, such as material type and location.
Material Type
Choose a material type from the drop down menu to limit your search to a particular material.
Book
Large Print
Video
DVD
Book on Tape
Book on CD
Book on MP3
Digital Image
Kit
Magazine
Map
Music CD
Music LP/Cassette
Music MP3
Music Score
Print Image
Electronic Resource
Ebook
3-D Object
eAudio
Language

Choose a language from the drop-down menu to limit your search to a particular language.
Any
English
French
German
Italian
Spanish
Japanese
Chinese
Russian
Hebrew
Yiddish
Location
This limit allows you to restrict your search results to a specific eiNetwork library.
Year of Publication

To limit your results to items published before or after a certain year, fill in the After box:
To limit results to a specific year or range of years, fill in both boxes.
 
For example, if you want to find something published in 2001, enter it into the After box. If you want to find something published in the 1990s, enter 1990 in the After box and 1999 in the Before box.
Publisher
Enter a name of a publisher in the search box for publisher, such as "Scholastic" or "Knopf."
Search and Sort
This feature allows you to click on the drop menu and choose to sort your items by relevance, date, and title. You can use this feature to change the display of your results:
Modify your search:
Often though, this search retrieves too many items. From the results screen click on the Modify Search button. This will return you to the advanced keyword search screen, so that you can add additional words to your search or select various criteria to limit your search. You can limit the search by:
year
format
language
publisher
location
Use the pull-down menu to apply the limits.
Click here for additional information on modifying your search using limits.
 
The
is a collaboration of the Allegheny County Library Association and Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh
A Quick Survey Catalog Home My Account Login Help  
Your LibraryTips & Resources BooklistsFind Articles Interlibrary LoanGet a Library Card