fromNew Books from Johns Hopkins Press, Spring/Summer 2022
JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY PRESS Image from: The Market in Birds Commercial Hunting, Conservation, and the press.jhu.eduOrigins of Wildlife Consumerism, 1850–1920 ANDREA L. SMALLEY with Henry M. Reeves 1 See page 31
MAY 288 pages 6 x 9 15 color illus., 34 b&w illus.
978-1-4214-4364-5 $24.95 £18.50 hc
Also available as an e-book
WHY SHARKS MATTER
A Deep Dive with the World’s Most Misunderstood Predator
Sharks are some of the most fascinating and ecologically important animals on Earth. They are also among the most threatened and misunderstood. More often feared than revered, these predators of the deep have a notorious reputation as a major threat to humans. But the truth is that sharks are not a danger to us—they’re in danger from us.
In Why Sharks Matter, marine conservation biologist Dr. David Shiffman explains why it’s crucial that we overcome our misconceptions and rise above cinematic jump scares to embrace sharks as the elegant, imperiled and indispensable creatures they really are. Sharing stories from his own experiences working with sharks, Shiffman tells us
• why healthy shark populations are a must for supporting ocean ecosystems—and the coastal economies that depend on them
• why we’re in danger of losing many shark species forever • what scientists, conservationists, and readers can do to help save these iconic predators
• why so much of what you’ve heard about sharks and how to save them is wrong
Touching on topics from marine sanctuaries and the perils of Shark Week to overfishing and shark fin soup, Shiffman explains shark conservation science and policy with his signature irreverence and surprising humor. Perfect for shark enthusiasts, Why Sharks Matter is an approachable, informative guide to the world of shark conservation and the passionate, brilliant people who work to understand and protect our oceans. This fun read will have you looking at sharks with a fresh perspective and an understanding that their survival is crucial to the survival of another apex predator—ourselves.
Get submerged in the amazing world of sharks! Your expert host, award-winning marine biologist Dr. David Shiffman, will show you how—and why—we should protect these mysterious, misunderstood guardians of the ocean.
about a vitally important group of
animals, this topical and accessible book will attract a broad audience.” —Jeffrey C. Carrier, Albion College, author of Sharks of the Shallows: Coastal Species in Florida and the Bahamas
(SILVER SPRING, MD) is a marine conservation biologist at Arizona State University. His work has appeared in the Washington Post, National Geographic, and Scientific American, and he writes a monthly column in Scuba Diving Magazine. He can be found on Twitter at @WhySharksMatter, where he’s always happy to answer questions about sharks. TABLE OF CONTENTS
Chapter 1: Shark basics and fun facts to keep you reading
Chapter 2: Sharks are not a threat to humans
Chapter 3: The ecological significance of sharks
Chapter 4: What are the threats to sharks, and how threatened are they?
Chapter 5: How can we protect sharks?
Chapter 6: Sustainable fisheries for shark conservation: Target-based policies Chapter 7: Fishing and trade bans for shark conservation: Limit-based policies Chapter 8: How are scientists helping sharks? Chapter 9: How are environmentalists helping sharks?
Chapter 10: How can you help sharks? (Dos and please just don’ts) Afterword
The untold story of a stunning discovery: not only can birds smell, but their scents may be the secret to understanding their world.
MARCH 312 pages 6 x 9 11 b&w photos, 14 b&w illus.
978-1-4214-4347-8 $27.95 £20.50 hc
Also available as an e-book
THE SECRET PERFUME OF BIRDS
Uncovering the Science of Avian Scent
DANIELLE J. WHITTAKER
The puzzling lack of evidence for the widespread belief that birds have no sense of smell irked evolutionary biologist Danielle J. Whittaker. Exploring the science behind the myth led her on an unexpected quest investigating mysteries from what makes a scent sexy to why cowbirds smell like cookies. In The Secret Perfume of Birds—part science, part intellectual history, and part memoir—Whittaker blends humor, clear writing, and a compelling narrative to describe how scent is important not just for birds but for all animals, including humans.
Whittaker engagingly describes how emerging research has uncovered birds’ ability to produce complex chemical signals that influence their behavior, including where they build nests, when they pick a fight, and why they fly away. Mate choice, or sexual selection—a still enigmatic aspect of many animals’ lives—appears to be particularly influenced by smell. Whittaker’s pioneering studies suggest that birds’ scented signals are produced by symbiotic bacteria in an oil that birds stroke on their feathers. From tangerine-scented auklets to forest-fragrant juncos, birds around the world feature in Whittaker’s stories, but she also examines the smelly chemicals of all kinds of creatures, from iguanas and bees to monkeys and mice.
The Secret Perfume of Birds will interest birders, nature-lovers and anyone who believes scientists still have plenty of mysteries left to solve.
DANIELLE J. WHITTAKER (LANSING, MI) is the managing director of the BEACON Center for the Study of Evolution in Action at Michigan State University, where she is an instructor and the graduate program director in the Department of Integrative Biology.
The Physics of Yesterday’s Tomorrow
NICOLE YUNGER HALPERN
The Industrial Revolution meets the quantum revolution!
A steampunk adventure guide to the mind-blowing ways quantum physics is transforming our understanding of information and energy.
Victorian-era steam engines and particle physics may seem worlds (as well as centuries) apart, yet a new branch of science, quantum thermodynamics, considers Industrial Revolution science through the lens of today’s roaring quantum information revolution. Classical thermodynamics, understood as the study of engines, energy, and efficiency, needs reimagining to take advantage of quantum mechanics, the basic framework that explores the nature of reality by peering at minute matters, down to the momentum of a single particle.
In her exciting new book, intrepid Harvard physicist Dr. Nicole Yunger Halpern introduces these concepts to the uninitiated with what she calls “quantum steampunk,” after the fantastical genre that pairs futuristic technologies with Victorian sensibilities. While readers follow the adventures of a rag-tag steampunk crew on trains, dirigibles, and automobiles, they explore questions such as “Can quantum physics revolutionize engines?” and “What deeper secrets can quantum information reveal about the trajectory of time?”
Yunger Halpern also describes her own adventures in the quantum universe and provides an insider’s look at the work of the scientists obsessed with its technological promise. Moving from fundamental physics to cutting-edge experimental applications, Quantum Steampunk explores the field’s aesthetic, shares its whimsy, and gazes into the potential of a quantum future. The result is a blast for fans of science, science fiction, and fantasy.
NICOLE YUNGER HALPERN (CAMBRIDGE, MA) is a theoretical physicist and postdoctoral fellow at Harvard University.
MARCH 288 pages 6 x 9 30 b&w illus.
978-1-4214-4372-0 $29.95 £22.00 hc
Also available as an e-book
Why does the rift between the US and Iran persist?
APRIL 432 pages 6 x 9
978-1-4214-4331-7 $29.95 £22.00 hc
Also available as an e-book
REPUBLICS OF MYTH
National Narratives and the US-Iran Conflict
HUSSEIN BANAI, MALCOLM BYRNE, and JOHN TIRMAN
Iran and the United States have been at odds for forty years, locked in a cold war that has run the gamut from harsh rhetoric to hostage-taking, from crippling sanctions to targeted killings. In Republics of Myth, Hussein Banai, Malcolm Byrne, and John Tirman argue that a major contributing factor to this tenacious enmity is how each nation views itself. The two nations have differing interests and grievances about each other, but their often-deadly confrontation derives from the very different national narratives that shape their politics, actions, and vision of their own destiny in the world.
The dominant American narrative is the myth of the frontier—that the United States can tame it, tame its inhabitants, and nurture democracy as well. Iran, conversely, can claim two dominant myths: the first, an unbroken (but not for lack of trying) lineage back to Cyrus the Great, and the second, the betrayal of Imam Hussein, the Prophet’s grandson. Both Iranian myths feature a detestable outsider as an enemy of the Iranian state and source of the nation’s ills and misfortune. The two countries have clashed so severely in part, the authors argue, because their national narratives constantly drive them to do so. Drawing on newly declassified documents and discussions with policymakers, the authors analyze an array of missed opportunities over several decades to improve the US-Iran relationship.
HUSSEIN BANAI (INDIANAPOLIS, IN) is an assistant professor of international studies at Indiana University. MALCOLM BYRNE (WASHINGTON, DC) is the deputy director and research director of the National Security Archive at George Washington University. JOHN TIRMAN (CAMBRIDGE, MA) is the executive director and principal research scientist at the MIT Center for International Studies. The three are the coauthors of Becoming Enemies: U.S.–Iran Relations and the Iran–Iraq War, 1979–1988.
THE GUIDE TO JAMES JOYCE’S ULYSSES
3 1 2
5 4 8
9 10 11 12
14 13 15
19 Phoenix Phoenix
16 St. James’s Street . James’s Street 18 17
Parkgate St.Park Wa tling t lin g S S t. Merchants QuayMerchants Abbey St.Abbey St O’Connell St . Connell St
Dame St. Townsend St. Townsend St. Hanover St. Hanover St Grafton St. Grafton St Wassau St . Wassau St
King St.King St King St. Abbey St. Trinity College (East toMirus Bazaar) rus BazaarMerrionSquare
Dorset Street Do rset St
North Circular Road ular Road Parnell Street rnell Street North Str and Rd.rand Rd (North to Artane) (North to Artane) River Li ey 1. Father Conmee 2. Corny Kelleher 3. Onelegged Sailor 4. Mrs. M’Guinness 5. Blazes Boylan 6. Stephen 7. Miss Dunne 8. Ned Lambert, Rev. Love, and J. J. O'Molloy 9. Lenehan and M’Coy 10. Mr. Bloom 11. Dilly and Simon Dedalus 12. Tom Kernan 13. Stephen and Dilly 14. Simon 15. Martin Cunningham, Mr. Power, and John Wyse Nolan
Park t. Dame St. St. Stephens Green 16. Buck Mulligan and Haines 17. Farrell and the Blind Stripling 18. Patrick Dignam 19. The Viceregal Cavalcade
(North to Arta Mirus Bazaar)
From the creator of UlyssesGuide.com, this essential guide to James Joyce’s masterpiece weaves together plot summaries, interpretive analyses, scholarly perspectives, and historical and biographical context to create an easy-to-read, entertaining, and In The Guide to James Joyce’s “Ulysses,” Patrick Hastings provides thorough review of Ulysses. comprehensive support to readers of Joyce’s magnum opus by illuminating crucial details and reveling in the mischievous genius of this unparalleled novel. Written in a voice that offers encouragement and good humor, this guidebook maintains a closeness to the original text and supports the first-time reader of Ulysses with the information needed to successfully finish and appreciate the novel. Deftly weaving together 6 spirited plot summaries, helpful interpretive analyses, scholarly criticism, and explanations of historical and biographical context, Hastings makes Joyce’s famously intimidating novel—one that challenges the conventions and limits of language— more accessible and enjoyable than ever before. He unpacks each chapter of Ulysses with episode guides, which offer pointed and readable explanations of what occurs in the text. He also deals adroitly with many of the puzzles Joyce hoped would “keep the professors busy for centuries.”
Full of practical resources—including maps, explanations of the old British system of money, photos of places and things mentioned in the text, annotated bibliographies, and a detailed chronology of Bloomsday (June 16, 1904—the single day on which Ulysses is set)—this is an invaluable first resource about a work of art that celebrates the strength of spirit required to endure the trials of everyday existence. The Guide to James Joyce’s “Ulysses” is perfect for anyone undertaking a reading of Joyce’s novel, whether as a student, a member of a reading group, or a lover of literature finally crossing this novel off the bucket list.
PATRICK HASTINGS (BALTIMORE, MD) is the chair of the English department at Gilman School. He is the creator of UlyssesGuide.com.
FEBRUARY 304 pages 6 x 9 17 maps
978-1-4214-4349-2 $21.95 £16.00 pb
Also available as an e-book
A powerful short story collection that charts the yearning inherent in imperfect lives.
Johns Hopkins: Poetry and Fiction Wyatt Prunty, General Editor
MARCH 272 pages 5½ x 8½
978-1-4214-4213-6 $22.95 £17.00 pb
Also available as an e-book
stories by DAVID BOROFKA
“I’m a seeker,” the narrator of “My Life as a Mystic” says. “A watcher of the skies. A pilgrim and a wanderer. I don’t know, I couldn’t stand law school.” Such are the polar sentiments of the characters in the stories of David Borofka’s A Longing for Impossible Things.
Taking their cue from Fernando Pessoa’s “painful landscape” of longing for the impossible, the ministers and missionaries of “Fire” and “Coincidence” look for more than what they find in their respective theologies; they reject what they’ve been told in favor of what they feel. Meanwhile, everyday believers fall back upon their own intuition and pray for revelation to be forthcoming. Lovers are forced to recognize the finite limitations of their grand infatuations even as they hope for some small measure of long-lasting tenderness, while teenagers resign themselves to the inevitable disappointments of adult life, recognizing the threats that exist in a future that is yet to unfold. And, as the narrator of “Attachments for the Platonically Inclined” says in the context of a 300 game in bowling, “I can’t help but be reminded of perfection when perfection was difficult to find. And impossible to hold onto. Reminded that there are moments when everything works as it is supposed to, a harmony beyond applause or appreciation from others.”
DAVID BOROFKA (CLOVIS, CA) taught at Reedley College for more than thirty-five years before retiring in 2019. The author of Hints of His Mortality and The Island, his work has appeared in The Southern Review, The Massachusetts Review, Shenandoah, Image, Glimmer Train, and elsewhere.