< Manual:Pywikibot
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Wikimedia Git repository has this file: scripts/login.py
login.py is the python program that logs the user running the pywikibot on to the system using the data that can be found in user-config.py.
Login as a bot
Bots provide specified result and as a consequence, they should not need the attention that other changes require. By having a specific user to run the bot software, the changes created in this way will be hidden on a typical recent changes screen. Bot status is given when a community is in favour with someone running a bot.
If you want to login also with your sysop account (deleting moved categories...) you have to add
usernames​[​'wikiproject'​][​'languagecode'​] = 'YourSysopUsername'
to user-config.py
How it knows where to login
In the user-config.py file there are three components:
  1. the language: mylang
  2. the family: family - this indicates wiki name, including wikipedia or wiktionary
  3. the username: username - this can be any user but it should be a user who is registered to run as a bot.
In order to login to all the projects/languages mentioned in user-config.py, the option -all can be used, and if the same password is used throughout all these projects, it can be combined with -pass so that the program doesn't ask for a password for each site.
$ python pwb.py login -all -pass
will login on all projects in user-config.py, using the same password for all. For now, using -pass option is not supported. (T102477) You should use password file instead. Create file with text like '("en", "wikipedia", "User", "password")' (you can use more than one line). Then, insert in your user-config.py file 'password_file = "path_to_password_file"' line. After this Pywikibot should use data from this file when he need to login.
$ python pwb.py login -logout
Login using OAuth
Pywikibot supports login using OAuth authentication instead of password. The OAuth feature needs the site with Extension:OAuth installed and configured properly. OAuth is more secure (passwords are not sent over the internet, can be invalidated at any time, and the permissions of the bot user can be restricted) and should generally be preferred over normal login. See Manual:Pywikibot/OAuth on how to use it (it does not involve login.py).
If for some reason you want to log your bot in as a multi-user OAuth app (not recommended, but e.g. older MediaWiki might not support owner-only apps), you can use login.py for that, with the option -oauth. The process contains the following steps:
  1. Create OAuth app at Special:OAuthConsumerRegistration/propose on meta if it does not exist yet, and record the consumer key and secret
  2. Run python pwb.py login -oauth
  3. Input OAuth consumer key
  4. Input OAuth consumer secret
  5. Authenticate user via web browser. You may need to manually copy the url from the terminal if the web browser doesn't open up automatically.
  6. Input response query string to terminal when authentication succeeds. E.g.: oauth_verifier=xxx&oauth_token=yyy
  7. Copy and paste authentication entry generated into user-config.py.
-logout, -pass, -force, -pass:XXXX and -sysop are not compatible with -oauth.

Global arguments available
These options will override the configuration in user-config.py settings.
Global options
ParameterDescriptionConfig variable
-dir:PATHRead the bot's configuration data from directory given by PATH, instead of from the default directory. 
-lang:xxSet the language of the wiki you want to work on, overriding the configuration in user-config.py. xx should be the language code.mylang
-family:xyzSet the family of the wiki you want to work on, e.g. wikipedia, wiktionary, wikitravel, ... This will override the configuration in user-config.py.family
-user:xyzLog in as user 'xyz' instead of the default username.usernames
-daemonize:xyzImmediately return control to the terminal and redirect stdout and stderr to file xyz. (only use for bots that require no input from stdin). 
-helpShow the help text. 
-logEnable the log file, using the default filename 'script_name-bot.log' Logs will be stored in the logs subdirectory.log
-log:xyzEnable the log file, using 'xyz' as the filename.logfilename
-nologDisable the log file (if it is enabled by default). 
-maxlagSets a new maxlag parameter to a number of seconds. Defer bot edits during periods of database server lag. Default is set by config.pymaxlag
Set the minimum time (in seconds) the bot will wait between saving pages.put_throttle
Enable the log file and include extensive debugging data for component "item" (for all components if the second form is used).debug_log
Have the bot provide additional console output that may be useful in debugging.verbose_output
Toggles the cosmetic_changes setting made in config.py or user-config.py to its inverse and overrules it. All other settings and restrictions are untouched.cosmetic_changes
-simulateDisables writing to the server. Useful for testing and debugging of new code (if given, doesn't do any real changes, but only shows what would have been changed).simulate
-<config var>:nYou may use all given numeric config variables as option and modify it with command line. 
Last edited on 26 May 2021, at 13:48
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