si.m.wikipedia.org
විකිපීඩියා:පිටුවක් සංස්කරණය කිරීම
Wikipedia is a wiki, meaning that anyone can easily edit any unprotected page, and save those changes immediately to that page, making the alterations visible to every other reader. You do not even need to register to do this. After your first edit, you will be a Wikipedia editor!
Note: You can use the sandbox to experiment with page editing.
Introduction
Edit commands

You can also click on the "Discussion" tab to see the corresponding talk page, which contains comments about the page from other Wikipedia users. Click on the "new section" tab to start a new section, or edit the page in the same way as an article page.
You should also remember to sign your messages on talk pages and some special-purpose project pages with four tildes (~~~~), but you should not sign edits you make to regular articles. In page history, the MediaWiki software automatically keeps track of which user makes each change.
Minor edits
වැඩිදුර තොරතුරු: [[:Minor edits]]
A check to the "minor edit" box signifies that only superficial differences exist between the version with your edit and the previous version: typo corrections, formatting and presentational changes, rearranging of text without modifying content, etc. A minor edit is a version that the editor believes requires no review and could never be the subject of a dispute. The "minor edit" option is one of several options available only to registered users.
Major edits
All editors are encouraged to be bold, but there are several things that a user can do to ensure that major edits are performed smoothly. Before engaging in a major edit, a user should consider discussing proposed changes on the article discussion/talk page. During the edit, if doing so over an extended period, the {{Inuse}} tag can reduce the likelihood of an edit conflict. Once the edit has been completed, the inclusion of an edit summary will assist in documenting the changes. These steps will all help to ensure that major edits are well received by the Wikipedia community.
A major edit should be reviewed to confirm that it is consensual to all concerned editors. Therefore, any change that affects the meaning of an article is major (not minor), even if the edit is a single word.
There are no necessary terms to which you have to agree when doing major edits, but the recommendations above have become best practice. If you do it your own way, the likelihood of your edits being reedited may be higher.
Wiki markup
The wiki markup is the syntax system you can use to format a Wikipedia page; please see Editing for details on it, and Wikitext examples for a longer list of the possibilities of Wikitext.
Images
Only images that have been uploaded to Wikipedia can be used. To upload images, use the upload page. You can find the uploaded image on the image list.
 What it looks like What you type A picture: A picture: [[Image:wiki.png]] With alternative text: With alternative text: [[Image:wiki.png|Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia.]]Alternative text, used when the image is unavailable or when the image is loaded in a text-only browser, or when spoken aloud, is strongly encouraged. See Alternative text for images for help on choosing it. Floating to the right side of the page using the frame attribute and a caption:Wikipedia Encyclopedia Floating to the right side of the page using the ''frame'' attribute and a caption: [[Image:wiki.png|frame|Wikipedia Encyclopedia]]The frame tag automatically floats the image right.The caption is also used as alternate text. Floating to the right side of the page using the thumb attribute and a caption:Wikipedia Encyclopedia Floating to the right side of the page using the ''thumb'' attribute and a caption: [[Image:wiki.png|thumb|Wikipedia Encyclopedia]]The thumb tag automatically floats the image right.The caption is also used as alternate text.An enlarge icon is placed in the lower right corner. Floating to the right side of the page without a caption: Floating to the right side of the page ''without'' a caption: [[Image:wiki.png|right|Wikipedia Encyclopedia]]The help topic on extended image syntax explains more options. A picture resized to 30 pixels... A picture resized to 30 pixels... [[Image:wiki.png|30 px]]The help topic on extended image syntax explains more options. Linking directly to the description page of an image: Image:wiki.png Linking directly to the description page of an image: [[:Image:wiki.png]]Clicking on an image displayed on a page(such as any of the ones above) also leads to the description page Linking directly to an image without displaying it: Image of the jigsaw globe logo Linking directly to an image without displaying it: [[:media:wiki.png|Image of the jigsaw globe logo]]To include links to images shown as links instead of drawn on the page, use a "media" link. Using the span and div tag to separate images from text (note that this may allow images to cover text): Example:
Place images here
Using wiki markup to make a table in which to place a vertical column of images (this helps edit links match headers, especially in Firefox browsers): Example: {| align=right |- | Place images here |}
See the Wikipedia's image use policy as a guideline used on Wikipedia.
For further help on images, including some more versatile abilities, see the topic on Extended image syntax.
For a top-level heading, put it on a separate line surrounded by '=='. For example:
== Introduction ==
Subheadings use '===', '====', and so on.
Character formatting
 What it looks like What you type Italicized textBold textItalicized & Bold text ''Italicized text'' '''Bold text''' '''''Italicized & Bold text''''' Syntax highlighting for source code.Computer code has a colored background and more stringent formatting. Suppose we want to define int main():#include int main ( int argc, char **argv ) { cout << "Hello World!"; return 0;} Computer code has a colored background and more stringent formatting. Suppose we want to define int main():#include int main ( int argc, char **argv ) { cout << "Hello World!"; return 0; } You can use small text for captions. You can use small text for captions. Better stay away from big text, unless it's within small text. Better stay away from big text, unless it's within small text. You can strike out deleted material and underline new material.You can also mark deleted material and inserted material using logical markup. For backwards compatibility better combine this potentially ignored new logical with the old physical markup.When editing regular Wikipedia articles, just make your changes and do not mark them up in any special way.When editing your own previous remarks in talk pages, it is sometimes appropriate to mark up deleted or inserted material. You can strike out deleted material and underline new material. You can also mark deleted material and inserted material using logical markup. For backwards compatibility better combine this potentially ignored new logical with the old physical markup. Suppressing interpretation of markup:Link → (''to'') the [[Wikipedia FAQ]]Used to show literal data that would otherwise have special meaning.Escape all wiki markup, including that which looks like HTML tags.Does not escape HTML character references.To escape HTML character references such as → use &rarr; Link → (''to'') the [[Wikipedia FAQ]] Commenting page source:not shown when viewing pageUsed to leave comments in a page for future editors.Note that most comments should go on the appropriate Talk page. Diacritical marks:À Á Â Ã Ä Å Æ Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Í Î Ï Ñ Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö Ø Ù Ú Û Ü ß à á â ã ä å æ ç è é ê ë ì íî ï ñ ò ó ô œ õ ö ø ù ú û ü ÿ À Á Â Ã Ä Å Æ Ç È É Ê Ë Ì Í Î Ï Ñ Ò Ó Ô Õ Ö Ø Ù Ú Û Ü ß à á â ã ä å æ ç è é ê ë ì í î ï ñ ò ó ô œ õ ö ø ù ú û ü ÿ Punctuation:¿ ¡ § ¶† ‡ • – —‹ › « »‘ ’ “ ” ¿ ¡ § ¶ † ‡ • – — ‹ › « » ‘ ’ “ ” Commercial symbols:™ © ® ¢ € ¥£ ¤ ™ © ® ¢ € ¥ £ ¤ Subscripts:x1 x2 x3 or x₀ x₁ x₂ x₃ x₄ x₅ x₆ x₇ x₈ x₉Superscripts:x1 x2 x3 or x⁰ x¹ x² x³ x⁴ x⁵ x⁶ x⁷ x⁸ x⁹The Manual of Style prefers the x1 format.The latter methods of sub/superscripting cannot be used in the most general context, as they rely on Unicode support which may not be present on all users' machines. For the 1-2-3 superscripts, it is nevertheless preferred when possible (as with units of measurement) because most browsers have an easier time formatting lines with it.ε0 = 8.85 × 10−12 C² / J m. x1 x2 x3 or
x₀ x₁ x₂ x₃ x₄
x₅ x₆ x₇ x₈ x₉ x1 x2 x3 or
x⁰ x¹ x² x³ x⁴
x⁵ x⁶ x⁷ x⁸ x⁹ ε0 = 8.85 × 10−12 C² / J m. 1 [[hectare]] = [[1 E4 m²]] Greek characters:α β γ δ ε ζη θ ι κ λ μ νξ ο π ρ σ ςτ υ φ χ ψ ωΓ Δ Θ Λ Ξ ΠΣ Φ Ψ Ω α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο π ρ σ ς τ υ φ χ ψ ω Γ Δ Θ Λ Ξ Π Σ Φ Ψ Ω Mathematical characters:∫ ∑ ∏ √ − ± ∞≈ ∝ ≡ ≠ ≤ ≥× • ÷ ∂ ′ ″∇ ‰ ° ∴ ℵ ø∈ ∉ ∩ ∪ ⊂ ⊃ ⊆ ⊇¬ ∧ ∨ ∃ ∀⇒ ⇐ ⇓ ⇑ ⇔→ ↓ ↑ ← ↔See also WikiProject Mathematics and TeX. ∫ ∑ ∏ √ − ± ∞ ≈ ∝ ≡ ≠ ≤ ≥ × · ÷ ∂ ′ ″ ∇ ‰ ° ∴ ℵ ø ∈ ∉ ∩ ∪ ⊂ ⊃ ⊆ ⊇ ¬ ∧ ∨ ∃ ∀ ⇒ ⇐ ⇓ ⇑ ⇔ → ↓ ↑ ← ↔ sin x + ln yx = 0Ordinary text should use wiki markup for emphasis, and should not use or . However, mathematical formulae often use italics, and sometimes use bold, for reasons unrelated to emphasis. Complex formulae should use $markup, and simple formulae may use [itex] or{{math}}with and or '' and '''. Make sure to replace = with{{=}}. [itex]\,\! \sin x + \ln y$
{{math|sin x + ln y}} $\mathbf{x} = \mathbf{0}$
{{math|x {{=}} 0}} Spacing in simple math formulae:Obviously, x2 ≥ 0 is true when x is a real number.To space things out without allowing line breaks to interrupt the formula, you can use non-breaking spaces:  .However, even if you do not use non-breaking spaces, the {{math}}template will prevent line breaks anyway; you can use
if you need an explicit line break inside a formula. Obviously, {{math|x2 ≥ 0}} is true when {{math|x}} is a real number. Complicated formulae:See Help:Displaying a formula for how to use $.A formula displayed on a line by itself should probably be indented by using the colon (:) character. : [itex]\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}$
No or limited formatting—showing exactly what is being typed
A few different kinds of formatting will tell the Wiki to display things as you typed them—what you see, is what you get!
 What it looks like What you type
<nowiki> tag:
The nowiki tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''. It reformats text by removing newlines and multiple spaces. It still interprets special characters: →
<nowiki> The nowiki tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''. It reformats text by removing newlines and multiple spaces. It still interprets special characters: &rarr; </nowiki>
<pre> tag:
The pre tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''. It also doesn't reformat text. It still interprets special characters: →
<pre> The pre tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''. It also doesn't reformat text. It still interprets special characters: &rarr; </pre>
Leading spaces are another way to preserve formatting. However, it will make the whole page fail to render properly in some browsers, such as IE7, thus making the page unreadable.

Putting a space at the beginning of each line stops the text from being reformatted. It still interprets Wiki markup and special characters: →
Leading spaces are another way to preserve formatting. Putting a space at the beginning of each line stops the text from being reformatted. It still interprets [[Wiki]] ''markup'' and special characters: &rarr;
මූලික පිටුව: Wikipedia:Manual of Style#Invisible comments
It's uncommon, but on occasion acceptable, to add a hidden comment within the text of an article. The format is this:
<!-- This is an example of text that won't normally be visible except in "edit" mode. -->
At the current status of the wiki markup language, having at least four headers on a page triggers the table of contents (TOC) to appear in front of the first header (or after introductory sections). Putting __TOC__ anywhere forces the TOC to appear at that point (instead of just before the first header). Putting __NOTOC__ anywhere forces the TOC to disappear. See also Compact TOC for alphabet and year headings.
Tables
There are two ways to build tables:
• in special Wiki-markup (see Table)
• with the usual HTML elements: <table>, <tr>, <td> or <th>.
For the latter, and a discussion on when tables are appropriate, see When to use tables.
Variables
 Code Effect {{CURRENTWEEK}} 31 {{CURRENTDOW}} 3 {{CURRENTMONTH}} 08 {{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} අගෝස්තු {{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}} අගෝස්තු {{CURRENTDAY}} 4 {{CURRENTDAYNAME}} බදාදා {{CURRENTYEAR}} 2021 {{CURRENTTIME}} 04:09 {{NUMBEROFARTICLES}} 17,278 {{NUMBEROFUSERS}} 52,796 {{PAGENAME}} පිටුවක් සංස්කරණය කිරීම {{NAMESPACE}} විකිපීඩියා {{REVISIONID}} - {{localurl:pagename}} /wiki/Pagename {{localurl:​Wikipedia:Sandbox​|action=edit}} /w/index.php?title=%E0%B7%80%E0%B7%92%E0%B6%9A%E0%B7%92%E0%B6%B4%E0%B7%93%E0%B6%A9%E0%B7%92%E0%B6%BA%E0%B7%8F:Sandbox&action=edit {{fullurl:pagename}} //si.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pagename {{fullurl:pagename|​query_string​}} //si.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pagename&query_string {{SERVER}} //si.wikipedia.org {{ns:1}} සාකච්ඡාව {{ns:2}} පරිශීලක {{ns:3}} පරිශීලක සාකච්ඡාව {{ns:4}} විකිපීඩියා {{ns:5}} විකිපීඩියා සාකච්ඡාව {{ns:6}} ගොනුව {{ns:7}} ගොනුව සාකච්ඡාව {{ns:8}} මාධ්‍යවිකි {{ns:9}} මාධ්‍යවිකි සාකච්ඡාව {{ns:10}} සැකිල්ල {{ns:11}} සැකිලි සාකච්ඡාව {{ns:12}} උදවු {{ns:13}} උදවු සාකච්ඡාව {{ns:14}} ප්‍රවර්ගය {{ns:15}} ප්‍රවර්ග සාකච්ඡාව {{SITENAME}} විකිපීඩියා
NUMBEROFARTICLES is the number of pages in the main namespace which contain a link and are not a redirect, in other words number of articles, stubs containing a link, and disambiguation pages.
CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN is the genitive (possessive) grammatical form of the month name, as used in some languages; CURRENTMONTHNAME is the nominative (subject) form, as usually seen in English.
In languages where it makes a difference, you can use constructs like {{grammar:case|word}} to convert a word from the nominative case to some other case. For example, {{grammar:genitive|{{CURRENTMONTHNAME}}}} means the same as {{CURRENTMONTHNAMEGEN}}.
Templates
The MediaWiki software used by Wikipedia has support for templates. This means standardized text chunks (such as boilerplate text), can be inserted into articles. For example, typing {{stub}} will appear as "This article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it." when the page is saved. See Template messages for the complete list. Other commonly used templates are: {{disambig}} for disambiguation pages and {{sectstub}} like an article stub but for a section. There are many subject-specific stubs for example: {{Geo-stub}}, {{Hist-stub}}, and {{Linux-stub}}. For a complete list of stubs see Stub types.