For general referencing and links to GVP content, please use "Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution" with a hyperlink to the home page at https://volcano.si.edu/. More specific deep-linking is allowed as long as this minimum citation standard is met.
Volcanoes of the World database
Database content includes the majority of material describing volcanoes and eruptive activity provided through this website, downloads, or webservices; related publications are described below. Links to specific volcano profile citations are under the photo on each volcano page. Formal citations should be similar to the following formats, modified as needed depending on journal style.
General Database Citation (example for today):
Example Volcano Profile Citation:
Global Volcanism Program, 2013. St. Helens (321050) in Volcanoes of the World, v. 4.8.6 (20 Feb 2020). Venzke, E (ed.). Smithsonian Institution. Downloaded 26 Feb 2020 (https://volcano.si.edu/volcano.cfm?vn=321050). https://doi.org/10.5479/si.GVP.VOTW4-2013.
Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report (WVAR)
Each individual volcano report includes a citation link in the header bar of each report that goes to a customized page with the proper citation and DOI. Sources of information used are given at the end of each report.
Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network (BGVN)
Each individual volcano report includes a citation link in the header bar of each report that goes to a customized page with the proper citation and DOI. Sources of information used are given at the end of each report, either as Information Contacts or References.