COW Inter-State War Data, 1816-1997 (v3.0)
Version 3.0 of the Correlates of War Inter-State War data set identifies interstate wars and their participants between 1816 and 1997.
In any papers or publications that utilize this data set, users are asked to give the version number and cite the article of record for the data set, as follows:
Bibliography Entry: Sarkees, Meredith Reid (2000). "The Correlates of War Data on War: An Update to 1997," Conflict Management and Peace Science, 18/1: 123-144.
Additional information concerning the procedures followed to generate these data are to be found in the following publications.
Singer, J. David, and Melvin Small (1972). The Wages of War, 1816-1965: A Statistical Handbook. New York: John Wiley.
Small, Melvin, and J. David Singer (1982). Resort to Arms: International and Civil Wars, 1816-1980. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications.
Format of "Inter-State Wars" File
The file has a comma-separated-variable (CSV) format with one record per war. The fields contained in each record are listed below.
Format of "Inter-State War Participants" File
The file has a comma-separated-variable (CSV) format with one record per war participant. The fields contained in each record are listed below. NA means "not applicable."