DECJANFEB
08
200520062007
38 captures
8 Jan 2006 - 10 May 2021
About this capture
COW
COW Inter-State War Data, 1816-1997 (v3.0)
Overview
Version 3.0 of the Correlates of War Inter-State War data set identifies interstate wars and their participants between 1816 and 1997.
Citation
In any papers or publications that utilize this data set, users are asked to give the version number and cite the article of record for the data set, as follows:
Bibliography Entry: Sarkees, Meredith Reid (2000). "The Correlates of War Data on War: An Update to 1997," Conflict Management and Peace Science​, 18/1: 123-144.
Additional information concerning the procedures followed to generate these data are to be found in the following publications.
Singer, J. David, and Melvin Small (1972). The Wages of War, 1816-1965: A Statistical Handbook​. New York: John Wiley.
Small, Melvin, and J. David Singer (1982). Resort to Arms: International and Civil Wars, 1816-1980​. Beverly Hills, Calif.: Sage Publications.
Data Set
Version 3.0 of the Correlates of War Inter-State War data set is composed of two files, the formats of which are listed below. The first file, Inter-State Wars (V 3-0).CSV​, presents information about the wars, while the second, Inter-State War Participants (V 3-0).CSV , contains information about the state participation in these wars.
Summaries of the Inter-State Wars and Inter-State War Participants data may also be viewed from this page.
Format of "Inter-State Wars" File
The file has a comma-separated-variable (CSV) format with one record per war. The fields contained in each record are listed below.
Field
Content
WarNoWar number
WarNameName of war
YrBeg1First beginning year of war
MonBeg1First beginning month of war
DayBeg1First beginning day of war
YrEnd1First ending year of war
MonEnd1First ending month of war
DayEnd1First ending day of war
YrBeg2Second beginning year of war (-999 = NA)
MonBeg2Second beginning month of war (-999 = NA)
DayBeg2Second beginning day of war (-999 = NA)
YrEnd2Second ending year of war (-999 = NA)
MonEnd2Second ending month of war (-999 = NA)
DayEnd2Second ending day of war (-999 = NA)
DurationLength of war in days
DeathsTotal battle deaths
CenSubSyAt least one central sub-system member in war? (0 = no/NA [all coded "0" after 1920], 1 = yes)
SubSysEaAt least one central sub-system member on each side? (0 = no/NA [all coded "0" after 1920], 1 = yes)
MajPowInAt least one major power in the war? (0 = no, 1 = yes)
MajPowEaAt least one major power on each side? (0 = no, 1 = yes)
WestHemWas any part of the war fought in Western Hemisphere? (0 = no, 1 = yes)
EuropeWas any part of the war fought in Europe? (0 = no, 1 = yes)
AfricaWas any part of the war fought in Africa? (0 = no, 1 = yes)
MidEastWas any part of the war fought in Middle East? (0 = no, 1 = yes)
AsiaWas any part of the war fought in Asia? (0 = no, 1 = yes)
OceaniaWas any part of the war fought in Oceania? (0 = no, 1 = yes)
EditionUpdate code (0 = 1972 original, 1 = 1982 update, 2 = 1990 update, 3 = 1992 update, 4 = 1998 update)
VersionVersion number of data set
Format of "Inter-State War Participants" File
The file has a comma-separated-variable (CSV) format with one record per war participant. The fields contained in each record are listed below. NA means "not applicable."
WarNoWar number
StateNumCOW country code of participant
StateAbbAbbreviated name of participant
YrBeg1First beginning year of participant's involvement
MonBeg1First beginning month of participant's involvement
DayBeg1First beginning day of participant's involvement
YrEnd1First ending year of participant's involvement
MonEnd1First ending month of participant's involvement
DayEnd1First ending day of participant's involvement
YrBeg2Second beginning year of participant's involvement (-999 = NA)
MonBeg2Second beginning month of participant's involvement (-999 = NA)
DayBeg2Second beginning day of participant's involvement (-999 = NA)
YrEnd2Second ending year of participant's involvement (-999 = NA)
MonEnd2Second ending month of participant's involvement (-999 = NA)
DayEnd2Second ending day of participant's involvement (-999 = NA)
DurationLength of war participation in days
DeathsNumber of battle related deaths sustained by participant's armed forces in war (-999= missing)
OutcomeWar outcome for participant (1 = on winning side, 2 = on losing side, 3 = on side A of a tie, 4 = on side B of a tie, 5 = on side A of ongoing war, 6 = on side B of ongoing war)
InitiateDid state initiate war? (0 = no, 1 = yes)
SysStatSystem membership status of state (1 = neither central sub-system member nor major power, 2 = central sub-system member only [only relevant 1816 through 1919], 3 = central sub-system member & a major power [only relevant 1816 through 1919], 4 = major power only)
PrWarPopPre-war population in thousands (number from year war begun, -999 = missing)
PrWarArmPre-war armed forces in thousands (number from year war begun, -999 = missing)
WestHemDid state participant engage in fighting in war in Western Hemisphere? (0 = no, 1 = yes)
EuropeDid state participant engage in fighting in war in Europe? (0 = no, 1 = yes)
AfricaDid state participant engage in fighting in war in Africa? (0 = no, 1 = yes)
MidEastDid state participant engage in fighting in war in Middle East? (0 = no, 1 = yes)
AsiaDid state participant engage in fighting in war in Asia? (0 = no, 1 = yes)
OceaniaDid state participant engage in fighting in war in Oceania? (0 = no, 1 = yes)
VersionVersion number of data set