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Papers
Towards A Democratic Civil Peace? Opportunity, Grievance, and Civil War 1816-1992
by Håvard Hegre, Tanja Ellingsen, Scott Gates and Nils Petter Gleditsch.  American Political Science Review (March) 95: 1.

Copyright by the American Political Science Association
Abstract
Coherent democracies and harshly authoritarian states have few civil wars, and intermediate regimes are the most conflict-prone. Domestic violence also seems to be associated with political change, whether toward greater democracy or greater autocracy. Is the greater violence of intermediate regimes equivalent to the finding that states in political transition experience more violence? If both level of democracy and political change are relevant, to what extent is civil violence related to each factor? Based on an analysis of the period 1816–1992, we conclude that intermediate regimes are most prone to civil war, even when they have had time to stabilize from a regime change. In the long run, since intermediate regimes are less stable than autocracies, which in turn are less stable than democracies, durable democracy is the most probable end-point of the process of democratization. The democratic civil peace is not only more just than the autocratic peace but also more stable.

Click here for full PDF version of the paper. (For a free version of Adobe Acrobat Reader, visit the Adobe site to download.)

Replication dataset (zipped Stata 6.0) Link to http://www.prio.no/cwp/datasets.asp
This site is sponsored by the Development Research Group of the World Bank.
For questions or comments, please contact Havard Hegre (hhegre@worldbank.org).