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  Today in History

Lord Darnley is murdered
Feb. 9, 1567
Second husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, father of King James I of Great Britain (James VI of Scotland), and direct ancestor of all subsequent British sovereigns.
In February 1565 Darnley, who had been living in England, went to Scotland with the permission of Queen Elizabeth I. By late April it was known that Mary wished to make him her husband. She created him successively earl of Ross (a rank previously reserved for a son of the Scottish king) and duke of Albany. Elizabeth and the English privy council sent word that the proposed marriage was "dangerous to the common amity" of the two countries.
Nonetheless, on July 29, 1565, the marriage was celebrated according to the Roman Catholic rite. It was offensive to the Scottish Protestant ministry, for whom John Knox was the spokesman; to the political ambition of James Stewart, earl of Moray (Mary's illegitimate half brother); and to the Hamilton claim to the Scottish throne.
It became evident, even to Mary, that superficial charm was Darnley's only positive attribute. This gave way to indolence, arrogance, drunkenness, and jealousy of Mary's secretary, David Riccio, in whose murder (March 9, 1566) Darnley was involved. He betrayed his accomplices, but they showed Mary his written agreement to Riccio's murder, and he was unable to clear himself with her.
The birth (June 19, 1566) of a son, James, to Mary and Darnley was eventually to solve the problem of the English succession. But Darnley remained an embarrassment to all. While Mary was absent from their temporary residence, Kirk o'Field, near Edinburgh, the house was blown up. The body of Darnley, who had apparently been strangled, was found in a nearby garden.

Related websites
Jean-Baptiste Vermay
Collection of paintings of Mary Stuart, also known as Mary, Queen of Scots by this French artist accompanied by analytical and descriptive notes.

The Life and Times Of Queen Elizabeth I
Resource on the life of this queen of England. Includes details of her childhood, her coronation, her reign, and the associated myths. Includes information on the six wives of Henry VIII, Mary Queen of Scots, and the victory over the Spanish Armada. Also features a gallery of portraits.

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