web.archive.org

334 captures
28 Apr 2001 - 27 Apr 2021
About this capture
       
       
Too Many Requests
In order to protect the Wayback Machine we have limits on different services. Unfortunately you have hit one of those limits. It can be caused by:
 

EB®
 
Frequently Asked Questions

Policies
How do I cite material from Britannica.com?
How do I obtain permission to use images from Britannica.com?
What are Britannica.com's terms of use?
Can you help me find information on a particular subject?
How can I improve my search results on Britannica.com?
Can I place a link to Britannica.com on my site?
What is Britannica.com's privacy policy?
What is Britannica.com's policy on mature content?
What are the criteria editors use to select web sites?
 
Products and Services
Where can I find information about Britannica Online?
Where can I find information on Britannica CD-ROMs or DVDs?
What happened to the Britannica.com Free E-mail?
 
Feedback
How do I report a problem with the site?
How can I comment on a Britannica.com article?
Where can I send general feedback?
 
Business
What advertising opportunities does Britannica.com offer?
What should I do if I'm interested in advertising with Merriam-Webster?
How can I find information about Britannica.com's syndication program?
 
Employment
How can I work for Britannica.com?
 
International Offices
Where can I find information on Britannica's international offices?
 
Media Inquiries
What should I do if I have a media inquiry?
 
 
Policies
 How do I cite material from Britannica.com?
If you simply wish to direct a reader to our website, but not to a specific document on our site, it is sufficient by MLA and APA standards to give the address of the site in the text. For example, "Britannica.com is an excellent resource for information (http://www.britannica.com)."
If you are not required to use any specific standard or style, such as for a grade school or junior high school research paper, we suggest you use the following format:

"[article name]" [title of web site].
[url to article]
[[date of access]].
For example:
"Portugal, history of" Britannica.com.
http://search.britannica.com/search?miid=1271529&query;=Portugal,+history+of
[Accessed November 3 2000].
Citing Specific Articles Using MLA format
The MLA Guidelines on documenting online sources are explained in detail in the fifth edition of the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (1999) and in the second edition of the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (1998). These guidelines replace the information in the fourth edition of the MLA Handbook on documenting online databases (sec. 4.9). Here are the formats recommended by the MLA for citing works from Britannica.com and Britannica Online:
"[article name]." [database name]. Vers. [version number]
[copyright date]. [name of institution].
[date of access]
[(url to article page or home page if subscription service)]
For example:
"Portugal, history of." Britannica.com. Vers. 2001
1999-2001. Encyclopędia Britannica.
12 Dec. 2000
(http://search.britannica.com/search?miid=1271529&query;=Portugal,+history+of).
In parenthetical references in the text, works on the World Wide Web are cited just like printed works. For any type of source, you must include information in your text that directs readers to the correct entry in the works cited list (see the MLA Handbook, sec. 5.2).
Information on Encyclopędia Britannica's authors and contributors
Unfortunately, the authors of every article are not listed on Britannica.com or Britannica Online. However, this information is available in the Encyclopędia Britannica print set. We suggest that you visit your local school or public library if you require the author's name. Authors are generally referred to by their initials at the ends of the articles in these resources. For instance, "E.G." would stand for "Evel Gasparini," who wrote part of the "European Religions, Ancient" article. This information would be found in the Propaedia section of the print set.
For Further Information
If you would like more information on citing one of Britannica's webpages, you may wish to consult the following resources:

Electronic Reference Formats Recommended by the American Psychological Association (APA): http://www.apa.org/journals/webref.html

Frequently Asked Questions About the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (4th ed.): http://www.apa.org/journals/faq.html

MLA Style Guidelines for Documenting Sources from the World Wide Web: http://www.mla.org/www_mla_org/style/style_main.asp?level=2&mode;=page&page;=1&link;=sty72800121438§ion;=sty51800124510
Hopefully, you will find this information useful enough to complete your citation successfully. Regrettably, we do not have the resources to assist you in preparing your citation for one of our websites. We would suggest that you consult the books mentioned above, or failing that, your educator or publisher.

 How do I obtain permission to use images from Britannica.com?
Unfortunately, Britannica cannot give explicit permission for you to use the images and diagrams that appear on Britannica.com, as third-party companies hold the copyright to most of them. Granting you permission to use them would leave us in violation of our own copyright agreements. Luckily, most of the images on Britannica.com are displayed with the name of the original copyright owner. If you wish to use one of these images, you are free to contact the copyright owner for permission.
 
 What are Britannica.com's terms of use?
All materials on this site are protected by international copyright and trademark laws. Using these materials for commercial purposes is prohibited, except as otherwise expressly permitted under applicable law or as described in the Terms of Use.

 Can you help me find information on a particular subject?
Unfortunately, because we receive such an enormous volume of mail requesting information on specific subjects, we are not able to respond individually to requests for assistance with research. If you haven't already done so, we recommend that you research your topic by visiting http://www.britannica.com​. You may find it useful to reference http://www.britannica.com/help/search for tips on how to phrase your searches to yield more accurate results.

 How can I improve my search results on Britannica.com?
For an introduction on how to search on Britannica.com, please visit the following webpage from our online Help section: http://www.britannica.com/help/search/start/
 
 
Can I place a link to Britannica.com on my site?
You are welcome to provide such a link, with the following restrictions:
- You may not use our logo on your site.
- You may not use any of the content of Britannica.com on your site.
back to FAQs
 What is Britannica.com's privacy policy?
Britannica.com does not sell or otherwise disclose any personal information, nor does it perform "reverse searches" to identify Britannica.com users from their e-mail addresses. Britannica reserves the right to analyze client data to help optimize users' experience on Britannica.com. Read our complete Privacy Policy.

 What is Britannica.com's policy on mature content?
Every site included in Britannica.com's Internet Guide has been examined by a Britannica.com editor or contributor. We do not include explicitly pornographic or violent sites, but some recommended sites do address mature or controversial themes and feature adult language. See our full Editorial Policy on Mature Content.

 What are the criteria editors use to select web sites?
When implementing our 5-star rating system, editors consider sites' accuracy, usefulness, and depth of information; design quality; ease of navigation; timeliness of revision; and authority of their authors and publishers. See the complete Editorial Criteria for Selecting Websites.

back to FAQs
Products and Services

 Where can I find information about Britannica Online?
Encyclopędia Britannica Online is a reference site for students, educators, and parents encompassing editorially reviewed sites and the Encyclopędia Britannica. The website includes an overview of the product along with subscription information and technical support.

back to FAQs
 Where can I find information on Britannica CD-ROMs or DVDs?
The Britannica CD and DVD are the most comprehensive disc-based encyclopedias in the English language. Click here for details.

back to FAQs
 What happened to the Britannica.com Free E-mail?
Britannica's free e-mail service was discontinued on March 27, 2001. All personal information associated with Britannica Free E-mail accounts was deleted at that time.

back to FAQs
Feedback

 How do I report a problem with the site?
If you notice a technical problem, such as a picture not loading correctly or a page error, contact us via our Online Help Form.

back to FAQs
 How can I comment on a Britannica.com article?
Share your thoughts via our Online Help Form.
 Where can I send general feedback?
We want to know what you think of us. Contact us by using our Online Help Form.
Business

 What advertising opportunities does Britannica.com offer?
Building on the Encyclopędia Britannica's tradition of quality and trusted information, Britannica.com is the primary destination on the Web for knowledge and learning. Please click here to inquire about advertising on our site, sponsorship opportunities, and promotional plans.

back to FAQs
 What should I do if I'm interested in advertising with Merriam-Webster?
This Britannica.com partner provides the best, most popular, and up-to-date dictionary on the web, continuing the 150-year tradition of quality associated with the Merriam-Webster brand name. Please click here to inquire about advertising on our site, sponsorship opportunities, and promotional plans.

back to FAQs
 How can I find information about Britannica.com's syndication program?
Britannica.com offers a variety of content and information products developed specifically for online businesses to enhance their websites. Join the ranks of many of the world's leading Internet and offline companies by becoming one of our customers. Visit our Syndication Program section for details.

back to FAQs
Employment

 How can I work for Britannica.com?
Employee benefits include a "business casual" environment, paid holidays, major medical and dental insurance, and tuition reimbursement. Click here if you think Britannica.com might be the place for you.

back to FAQs
International Offices

 Where can I find information on Britannica's international offices?
Britannica.com has locations in Chicago, as well as Australia, Europe and India. The following contact information should help you reach them.

Media Inquiries

 What should I do if I have a media inquiry?
If you are a member of the press and have an inquiry about Britannica.com, or if you are interested in Britannica.com press releases, visit our Press section.
 
 
© 2007 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.