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Middle East Peace Process
U.S. Middle East Policy
Determined to Reach a Common Objective
“We knew at the outset that the task would be difficult. We acknowledged that publicly and privately. We knew this would be a road with many bumps— and there have been many bumps—and that continues to this day. But we are not deterred. We are, to the contrary, determined more than ever to proceed to realize the common objective, which we all share, of a Middle East that is at peace with security and prosperity for the people of Israel, for Palestinians, and for all the people in the region. We will continue our efforts in that regard, undeterred and undaunted by the difficulties, the complexities or the bumps in the road.”—George Mitchell, special envoy for Middle East peace, remarks with Prime Minister Netanyahu, September 29, 2010
No to a Third Intifada — Hussein Ibish, senior fellow, American Task Force on Palestine (Common Ground News Service)
The Road Forward on Middle East Peace
Event: October 1, 2009 - 12:00pm-1:00pm
Winnie Stachelberg, Senior Vice President for External Affairs, Center for American Progress
Congressman Robert Wexler (D-FL)
Moran Banai, U.S. Editor of Middle East Bulletin
The Road Forward Towards Middle East Peace
Palestinian worker in stone and marble factory outside Bethlehem
On December 10, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton outlined efforts necessary to achieving Middle East peace. She called on the Israeli and Palestinian leaderships to address the core issues of the conflict, and said that the United States would work with both parties towards this end. In addition, Clinton mentioned the need for regional states to continue to develop the Arab Peace Initiative, and stressed the importance of the Palestinian Authority (PA) state-building program while underscoring the U.S. continued commitment to this effort. PA Prime Minister Salam Fayyad explained the reasoning behind the state-building program in a recent article in Foreign Policy.Following Clinton’s speech, Robert Danin, former head of the office of the Quartet Representative, wrote an article that examined the state-building effort in the context of previous Palestinian movements and in the current environment. The article also offered recommendations for how to expand the state-building program in order to further improve conditions on the ground and to create the conditions necessary for a secure and sustainable peace.Middle East Bulletin (MEB) interviewed Danin in September during which he provided an assessment of the progress of the state-building program and responded to criticism of the efforts, among other topics. MEB has provided basic overviews of the PA state-building efforts in its backgrounders, as well as updates on Palestinian security sector development and highlights of leading Palestinian businessmen’s recommendations to jump-start their economy.
Understanding the Arab League Follow-Up Committee
League of Arab States’ Follow-Up Committee on the Arab Peace Initiative
Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestinian Authority, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria and the Secretary General of the Arab League
Origins and Mandate:
Members of the Arab League adopted
the Arab Peace Initiative at the 2002 Beirut Summit. The document mentioned
the need to form a separate, smaller committee to gather support for the plan. Later, two groups were formed
to that end: the follow-up
Efforts Toward Middle East Peace Post-1991 Madrid Conference
In October 1991, the United States and Soviet Union co-sponsored a peace summit in Madrid that included representatives from the European Community, Egypt, Israel, Lebanon, Syria and a joint Jordanian-Palestinian delegation. The Arab Maghreb Union, Gulf Cooperation Council and UN were observers to the talks. The conference served
as the starting point for a series of negotiating tracks between Israel and the surrounding Arab countries.
to the official bilateral talks, Israelis and Palestinians began unofficial
U.S. Administration Efforts Toward Middle East Peace, March-July
Overview of Recent World Bank Report on Palestinian Economy and State
On April 13, the World Bank presented
a report, “Towards a Palestinian State: Reforms for Fiscal Strengthening” to the Ad-Hoc Liaison Committee in Madrid, Spain.
The World Bank identifies fiscal strengthening as a critical area for PA reform to ensure the sustainability of a future Palestinian state. The Palestinian Authority (PA) has been working toward this goal with the Palestinian Reform and Development Plan (PRDP), which was presented in August 2009.
Current Situation: The report discusses the economic state of the
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