By Mohamed Sudam SANAA | Wed Feb 2, 2011 3:54pm EST
(Reuters) - Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh, eyeing protests that threaten to topple Egypt's long-serving president, indicated on Wednesday he would leave office when his term ends in 2013, after three decades in power.
Saleh, an important U.S. ally against al Qaeda, pledged not to hand the reins of government on to his son and appealed to the opposition to call off protests as a big rally loomed.
"I present these concessions in the interest of the country. The interests of the country come before our personal interests," Saleh told parliament and members of the military.
"No extension, no inheritance, no resetting the clock," he said, referring to ruling party proposals on term limits seen as designed to enable him to run again.
The move was Saleh's boldest gambit yet to stave off anti-government turmoil spreading in the Arab world as he tried to avert a showdown with the opposition which might risk drawing people on to the streets in the poverty-stricken state.
He spoke a day before a planned rally by the opposition, dubbed a "Day of Rage" and seen as a barometer of the size and strength of the Yemeni people's will to follow Egyptians and Tunisians in demanding a change of government.
"I call on the opposition to freeze all planned protests, rallies and sit-ins," Saleh said. "I call on the opposition after this initiative to come and form a national unity government in spite of the ruling party majority. We will not allow chaos. We will not allow destruction."
About 5,000 government supporters held a rally in a sports stadium in a suburb of the capital Sanaa on Wednesday, some carrying signs that read "No to sabotage, yes to security and stability" and "Yes to unity, no to separatism."
Yemen, at risk of becoming a failed state, is trying to fight a resurgent al Qaeda wing, quell southern separatism, cement peace with Shi'ite rebels in the north, all in the face of crushing poverty. One third of Yemenis face chronic hunger.
"I think it is very significant," Dubai-based security analyst Theodore Karasik said of the move. "What they are doing in Yemen is trying to not have what happened in Egypt."
"I don't know if it will be enough to satisfy people. It may try to heal some of the cleavages between for example the southern secessionist movement and Sanaa, but is it going to be enough for everyone?"
RALLY TO GO ON
The United States relies heavily on Saleh to help combat al Qaeda's regional Yemen-based arm which also targets neighboring Saudi Arabia, the world's biggest oil exporter.
President Barack Obama telephoned Saleh to express support for his initiative, the state news agency Saba said. "You have handled the situation well, and I look forward to working with you in a good partnership between the two countries," it quoted Obama as saying.
Yemen's biggest opposition party welcomed the initiative but said Thursday's rally in Sanaa would still go ahead. The rally's size and mood will offer the first glimpse of popular reaction to Saleh's concessions.
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Congrats to all the people in all the countries who have had enough of dictators,kings,and all the other forms of bad governance. The only suggestion I can give is to be very specific about what type of goverment you want! Be sure that it will move you forward as a people into the new world, not backward. Alot of groups will make all kinds of promises, just make sure they can be held responsible. Watch out for the military option, they may help get ride of your current leader so they can position themseleves to take power from the people. Be sure to setup election and listen closely to all sides before you commit. The future is in your hands let the record show that you did it right! Good Luck and stay safe
I don’t like it, but I think OCTheo is right. The US’s cold war attitude was that any ally was better than none. Dictators generally needed cash and weaponry to cement their power, and the US was plenty willing to help in exchange for having a friend in the area. So long as they supported US interests, they could do pretty much whatever they wanted.
Who knows? Maybe some actual functioning democracies will replace these autocratic regimes, and maybe the US will get a chance to bring foreign policy practices in line with the classic American pro-democracy rhetoric. My unbridled optimism is really running rampant today.
More likely, a bunch of military, religious, or socialist leaders will establish new dictatorships, the US will back the wrong horse again, and we’ll have even more people in the Middle East who hate the West.
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