He stepped down in 2009 and announced plans to challenge President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt in the 2011 elections, but drew little support and left the country. When mass protests broke out in January 2011, he returned. He briefly took center stage as the Mubarak government looked for someone to negotiate with. But as the largely leaderless popular uprising proceeded, it became clear that Mr. ElBaradei was only one of many voices calling for Mr. Mubarak to go.
After 18 days of angry protests, Mr. Mubarak resigned and turned over all power to the military on Feb. 11, 2011, ending his 30 years of autocratic rule and bowing to a historic popular uprising that transformed politics in Egypt and around the Arab world.
Mr. ElBaradei said March 9 that he intended to run for president in new elections, if constitutional reforms make it possible. The announcement came amid a growing sense of uncertainty as Egypt began to chart its future after decades of autocratic rule and as violence began to escalate.
Before the protests began, Mr. ElBaradei, who has sought to refashion himself as pro-democracy campaigner in his homeland, was viewed by some supporters as capable of uniting the country’s fractious opposition and offering an alternative to Mr. Mubarak’s authoritarian rule. Critics viewed him as an opportunist who had spent too little time in the country to take control of a movement that began without his leadership.
A month after Mr. Mubarak fell, Amr Moussa, the former foreign minister of Egypt, was considered the front-runner in the 2011 presidential race, which was scheduled for August.
By DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK and DAVID E. SANGER; DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK REPORTED FROM CAIRO, and DAVID E. SANGER FROM WASHINGTON. MONA EL-NAGGAR CONTRIBUTED REPORTING FROM CAIRO. The government portrayed itself as on the way to negotiating an end to the uprising. Protesters dismissed the claim, but it was better received in Washington. February 7, 2011
By DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK; REPORTING WAS CONTRIBUTED BY MONA EL-NAGGAR, KAREEM FAHIM, ANTHONY SHADID, and ROBERT F. WORTH FROM CAIRO, and NICHOLAS KULISH FROM ALEXANDRIA. The new vice president said President Hosni Mubarak authorized him to speak with the opposition, and the army said it would not fire on protesters. February 1, 2011
By JULIE BOSMAN Mr. ElBaradei's first book, "The Age of Deception: Nuclear Diplomacy in Treacherous Times," will be published on April 26 by Metropolitan Books, an imprint of Henry Holt. February 01, 2011
By ANTHONY SHADID and DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK; REPORTING WAS CONTRIBUTED BY KAREEM FAHIM, LIAM STACK, MONA EL-NAGGAR and DAWLAT MAGDY. Cairo was seized by growing fears of lawlessness and buoyed by euphoria that three decades of President Hosni Mubarak’s rule may be coming to an end. January 31, 2011
By DAVID E. SANGER and HELENE COOPER; MARK LANDLER CONTRIBUTED REPORTING. Officials said concern about a potential power vacuum drove President Obama’s decision not to call for Mr. Mubarak’s resignation. January 30, 2011
Mohamed ElBaradei, the Nobel laureate who has become a leading opponent of President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt, returned to Cairo in an attempt to galvanize youth-led street protests that extended into a third day across the country.