News24 offered in: English Afrikaans isiZulu ARTICLES RELATING TO LIBYA 2011-09-23 13:11
An interim government in Libya will be announced within the next few days and include 22 ministerial portfolios, a spokesperson says.
The US ambassador to Libya has expressed confidence in the country’s new rulers as the American embassy reopened in the capital months after it closed down during the fight to oust Muammar Gaddafi.
Former Libyan prime minister Baghdadi al-Mahmoudi has been sentenced to six months in prison in Tunisia for illegally entering the country.
Nato can finish its air campaign in Libya within the next three months, the operations commander says, as remnants of the ousted regime are now isolated in three pockets of the country.
A month after revolutionary fighters claimed the capital and most other parts of the country, forces loyal to Gaddafi have shown no signs of giving up.
Migrants have clashed with residents on an Italian island off the coast of Sicily where tens of thousands of North Africans have landed since the start of the year.
The government has decided to give the National Transitional Council in Libya "the benefit of the doubt", after earlier refusing to recognise the rebel government.
Libya’s first formal government since Muammar Gaddafi’s ouster will be named within 10 days, officials say, as world powers hailed the African state’s fledging leadership in New York.
The last two bastions of key diplomatic support for Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi have set long-held allegiances aside and recognised the National Transitional Council as Libya's de facto government.
US troops have been sent to Tripoli to help State Department reopen the US embassy.
The government on has joined the West, regional rival Nigeria and the African Union in recognising the National Transitional Council as Libya's de facto government.
The African Union stands ready to support the Libyan people after announcing they officially recognise the National Transitional Council as the country's legitimate leadership.
The new red, black and green flag of Libya has taken its place among the row of flags of the United Nations member states.
Facing little resistance, revolutionary fighters have captured the airport and other parts of a southern desert city that is one of the last remaining strongholds of Muammar Gaddafi’s forces.
For years, Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi was an outlandish fixture at the UN General Assembly with his tent and rambling speeches. This year, the rebels who ousted him will hold the spotlight.
Libya’s NTC has pledged to treat foreigners accused of fighting for ousted leader Muammar Gaddafi well, and denied that anti-Gaddafi fighters had committed systematic abuse of Africans.
A UN human rights team set up to investigate rights violations in Libya says it is concerned about allegations that many black Africans are being illegally detained in Libya.
Fugitive ousted Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi’s loyalists say they have captured 17 mercenaries – some British and French – in what would amount to a sharp setback for the country’s new rulers.
Tripoli’s port is back to near-normal business less than a month after the ousting of Muammar Gaddafi, authorities say, with the Libyan capital’s international airport also ready to operate flights.
Libyan interim government forces have fled in a chaotic retreat from the town of Bani Walid, after failing in yet another attempt to storm the final bastions of Gaddafi loyalists .
Two Libyan pilots who had defected to Malta in February after refusing to obey orders to bomb civilians have returned home to join the new Libyan air force.
Libyan fighters are battling street by street for control of Muammar's Gaddafi's hometown, taking sniper, assault rifle and rocket fire from his loyalists perched on the city's rooftops.
Greater emphasis needs to be put on development in Africa, former South African president FW de Klerk says.
The UN General Assembly has given Libya's UN seat to the National Transitional Council which toppled Muammar Gaddafi.
Libyan fighters have captured the airport in Sirte from forces loyal to ousted Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, a report says.
The Libyan visit of David Cameron and Nicolas Sarkozy "marked the start of the colonisation of the oil-rich country", Muammar Gaddafi’s spokesperson Mussa Ibrahim warns.
Fighters to Libya’s new rulers say they have suffered heavy casualties in their battle for control of fugitive Muammar Gaddafi hometown Sirte, with at least 11 killed and 34 injured.
A convoy of battle-hardened fighters have headed for Muammar Gaddafi’s hometown Sirte in gruelling heat, confident of overcoming one of the strongman’s final pockets of resistance.
Prime Minister David Cameron has pledged UK’s help in hunting down fugitive Muammar Gaddafi as he and France’s Nicolas Sarkozy became the first foreign leaders to visit new Libya.
British Prime Minister David Cameron and French President Nicolas Sarkozy are set to hold talks with the head of Libya's NTC in Tripoli.
At least 13 mass graves have been found in Libya over the past three weeks, the International Committee of the Red Cross says.
Libya’s new rulers are preparing to receive British Prime Minister David Cameron and French minister Nicolas Sarkozy, as more damaging allegations of serious rights abuses emerge.
A senior US official says the potential proliferation of both conventional and unconventional weapons in Libya is a "key concern" after six months of civil war.
Airlines are readying their return to Libya, ports largely shuttered during the fighting are receiving cargos and foreign oil companies that fled the country’s civil war are making tentative steps back.
New regime fighters in Libya have found an unexpected boost at a makeshift bank under a bridge in the middle of a contested oasis town of Bani Walid.
The World Bank says it recognises the NTC as Libya’s official government, after the new regime promised moderate Islamic rule and to investigate alleged war crimes.
Three of Muammar Gaddafi's generals are in Niger's capital to negotiate political refugee status for members of the toppled leader's regime.
The African Union's panel on Libya, consisting of the heads of state of five countries, is to meet in Pretoria to discuss the latest developments in Libya.
Wary of alienating a powerful local tribe, fighters backing Libya’s new rulers are urging families to leave the besieged town of Bani Walid before resorting to full-scale military force.
Libya’s interim leader has made his first public speech in Tripoli, warning against reprisals after loyalists of ousted Muammar Gaddafi struck out at the revolutionaries pursuing them.
The US is "deeply concerned" at the plight of black African migrants and refugees in Libya, citing reports of racism, wrongful arrest and violence, a State Department official says.
Fugitive Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi is accusing revolutionary forces of surrendering the country to foreign influence and vows to press ahead with his fight.
Patriotic songs composed by Libyan rebels during their revolt against Muammar Gaddafi fill the air every evening in Benghazi's Tahrir Square.
China is recognising the rebel National Transitional Council (NTC) as Libya's ruling authority, the Chinese Foreign Ministry says.
Nato will pursue its campaign in Libya as long as civilians are under threat from remaining forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi, the military alliance’s secretary says.
Forces of Libya’s new rulers have met “ferocious” street-by-street resistance during an assault on one of the last bastions loyal to Muammar Gaddafi.
Libyan rebels say they are delaying an assault on one of the last bastions of fugitive leader Muammar Gaddafi after meeting fierce resistance, a report says.
A spokesperson for Niger's government has announced that Al-Saadi, one of Muammar Gaddafi's sons, has entered the country.
Guinea Bissau Prime Minister Carlos Gomes Junior has said Libya's ousted leader Muammar Gaddafi would be welcomed "with open arms" if he seeks exile in the West African country.
President Barack Obama has received formally Libya's ambassador to the US and accepted his credentials to represent the country and its new rebel government.
Commodities trader Glencore has outdone rivals to sign its first contract to deliver fuels to Libya’s interim council, say industry sources.
The chief executive of Italian oil firm Eni was in eastern Libya to meet with members of the rebel government, a spokesperson for Libya's rebel transitional government says.
Libyan rebels face daunting economic challenges.
After blocking the unfreezing of Libyan assets, SA has agreed to a deal with the US.
Investors are avoiding North Africa, with scant prospect of a swift return.
An exuberant early rally sparked by the apparent downfall of Libyan ruler Muammar Gaddafi gave way to gloom over the US economy.
President Jacob Zuma has called on African nations to contribute resources to sustain continental development alongside its international partners.
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton will urge the African Union to get tougher on Libya, hoping to push Africa's leaders into a firmer stance on Libya's Muammar Gaddafi.
Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan says South African financial institutions have suspended business with firms which have links to the Libyan government.
Anglo-Dutch oil giant Shell has turned in a 60% net profit leap for the first quarter, as the group benefited from resurgent oil prices and the sale of non-core assets.
Oil dipped in Asian trade as traders locked in profits after gains last week, but analysts say prices could still go higher.
Leaders of the Brics group say the United Nations Security Council needs to give developing countries a greater say on global issues.
President Jacob Zuma is due to meet Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi and will also hold talks with rebels seeking his overthrow.
World oil prices have stayed above multi-year highs, supported by the continued tensions in the Arab world and the postponement of elections in Nigeria.
Actress and goodwill ambassador Angelina Jolie has appealed for international support for people fleeing the conflict in Libya.
The government says it has contributed R2m to the UN's refugee agency which is assisting people fleeing Libya.
Nato chief Anders Fogh Rasmussen met with Turkish officials as an envoy of Muammar Gaddafi arrived in Ankara for talks on a possible ceasefire in conflict-torn Libya.
Oil prices have surged to its highest level since 2008 as Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi's forces regain ground against the rebels.
President Barack Obama will seek to wrest the political debate from turmoil in the Middle East, to a related topic - cutting America's thirst for foreign oil.
The African Union has urged world powers attending a meeting on Libya's future in London to throw their backing behind its roadmap.
Oil has fallen amid a stronger dollar as Libyan rebels emboldened by Western air strikes marched towards dictator Muammar Gaddafi's birthplace, say analysts.
The euro has weakened after German Chancellor Angela Merkel's conservatives were routed in elections in a key state.
Oil has eased in Asian trade but political instability in Libya and the Middle East are keeping upward pressure on prices.
US Defense Secretary Robert Gates arrived in Moscow for talks on Libya in the middle of the first major public spat between Kremlin chief Dmitry Medvedev and Primier Putin.
Gold prices have edged up, fueled by the escalating tension in the Middle East and North Africa.
The African Union's panel on Libya has called for an "immediate stop" to all attacks after the United States, France and Britain launched military action.
Oil prices have risen above $103 over concerns that UN authorisation of military strikes against pro-Gaddafi forces could threaten oil exports.
Crude has fallen as traders continued to assess the impact on demand caused by the Japanese nuclear crisis and the ongoing troubles in the Middle East.
SA is working on freezing Libyan assets and supports other UN measures against Muammar Gaddafi's government, says Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan.
Forces loyal to Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi have entered the oil port of Ras Lanuf in the east of the country and are fighting for control of the town.
Oil prices have fallen for a second day as Opec considered raising production, pushing up Asian stocks, although investors remained on edge.
Opec members are expected to increase production in a bid to bring down soaring oil prices and allay fears of a supply crunch, the Financial Times reports.
Escalating violence in Libya has spurred a rally in the oil price and fuelled demand for gold as a safe haven asset.
World stocks are expected to take their cues from the oil market next week but the economic recovery is likely to trump jitters caused by unrest in the Middle East.
A fund representing the Libyan people and not Colonel Muammar Gaddafi holds a stake in the luxury Michelangelo Hotel, says its operator Legacy Hotels.
UK hedge fund Toscafund says SA is likely to implode Libya-style in 15 years, but with more serious consequences.
Oil prices are hovering near $102 a barrel as Libyan government and rebel forces dug in amid fierce fighting, raising investor fears of protracted oil output cuts.
A proposal by Venezuela President Hugo Chavez to try to broker a peace deal in Libya briefly pushed oil lower, while recently risk-averse stock markets put in some gains.
Emerging markets have slumped, as escalating unrest in the Middle East spooked investors, sending markets in Dubai and Saudi Arabia to multi-month and multi-year lows.
The JSE has opened in red territory, in line with global equity markets amid concerns over the rise in oil prices and political chaos on Libya.
The rand has strengthened slightly against the dollar, but dealers expected the currency to come under some pressure given the turmoil in North Africa and the Middle East.
The dollar has firmed against the yen, supported by interest rate differentials between the United States and Japan, dealers say.
Oil prices fell as reassurances from Saudi Arabia that extra supply needs could be met were tempered by BoA Merrill Lynch's warning that Libyan output could be reduced for months.
European shares have fallen, hit by forecast-lagging results from banking heavyweight HSBC and a retreat in investor risk appetite after Libya tensions rose again.
Oil prices have jumped to near $100 a barrel as Libya's violent power struggle continued to disrupt crude output in the Opec nation.
Russia could lose almost $4.0bn in arms export contracts to Libya after it joined other world powers in slapping an arms embargo on Muammar Gaddafi's regime.
Oil retreated from highs as a senior industry official said top exporter Saudi Arabia had increased output to make up for any shortages.
Oil prices have risen again in Asia as supply worries persisted due to escalating unrest in the oil-rich Middle East and North Africa.
Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan says South Africa needs to create jobs fast and tackle inequality to avoid the unrest seen in North African countries.
Unrest in Libya and the threat of contagion to other oil producing countries in the region have pushed drove brent crude to $113 a barrel.
Asian shares have fallen further as the unrest in Libya pushed oil prices higher and sent Wall Street sharply lower.
The graffiti on a burnt-out building on Tripoli Street – the main boulevard in Misrata in ruins after ferocious street fighting – sums up the bitter mood in a city besieged for months by Muammar Gaddafi’s forces.
Several key supporters of fugitive Muammar Gaddafi have fled to Niger from the southern desert city of Sabha, captured by new regime forces.
Forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi who control the city of Sirte have been executing residents suspected of sympathising with Libya's new rulers.
Forces loyal to Libya's new rulers say they are holding back from advancing on Muammar Gaddafi’s last redoubts despite their capture of two key southern oases.
The US ambassador has returned to Libya to lead the newly reopened embassy in Tripoli.
Nato allies have agreed to extend their air campaign in Libya by another 90 days, diplomats say, as forces loyal to ousted strongman Muammar Gaddafii still pose a threat to civilians.
One of the last three main bastions of Muammar Gaddafi in Libya has been largely taken over by forces of the provisional government a month after he was toppled, an official says.
The new Libya will join the international community as a nation committed to peace, security, and democracy, the head of the transitional government says.
A document released by Human Rights Watch proves that South African arms manufacturer Truvelo Armoury exported sniper rifles to the Gaddafi regime in 2009, the DA says.
US President Barack Obama has hailed a new chapter in the life of Libya, saying that the nation stood as a lesson of what the global community can achieve together.
US President Barack Obama has met Libya's interim leader Mustafa Abdel Jalil for the first time, and said the world would stand with his liberated country as it solidifies its freedom.
President Jacob Zuma's office has announced the African Union officially recognises Libya's National Transitional Council as the country's legitimate leadership
Fugitive strongman Muammar Gaddafi has denounced events unfolding in Libya as a "charade", speaking in an audio message broadcast on Syria-based Arrai television.
Philippine diplomats helped two Filipina maids slip out of the home of a relative of deposed Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi after the women asked for a "rescue", an official says.
South Africa is open to discuss Libya's future in the United Nations, but insists on African Union participation in the north African country, President Jacob Zuma says.
Fierce fighting has raged in Bani Walid as new regime fighters attacked the oasis town where a son of Muammar Gaddafi is believed holed up, possibly with his father, Libya’s rulers say.
Niger needs help training and equipping its security forces to deal with potential terrorism in the aftermath of the fall of Muammar Gaddafi’s government in neighbouring Libya, the country’s leader says.
Forces of the new Libyan regime have stalled their assault on Muammar Gaddafi’s hometown Sirte where they believe one of his sons is cornered.
The former British prime minister visited Muammar Gaddafi in Libya in the months before the Lockerbie bomber was freed from jail.
The unveiling of a new Libyan government has been put off indefinitely, Mahmud Jibril, the number two official in the NTC says.
Forces of the new Libyan regime have been forced to retreat after earlier pushing deeper into Sirte, hometown of ousted leader Muammar Gaddafi.
Iran's top leader has warned Arab nations swept up in uprisings against autocratic regimes not to allow the US or Nato to influence the types of post-revolution political systems they form.
Niger's government says it will not send Saadi Gaddafi, son of the deposed Libyan leader, back to Libya.
Fighters loyal to Libya's new leaders surged Friday into the city of Sirte and into Bani Walid oasis, two of fugitive Moamer Kadhafi's few remaining bastions, officials and an AFP reporter said.
Forces of Libya’s new leadership are regrouping ahead of the expected final battle from the hometown of fugitive fallen strongman Muammar Gaddafi, after suffering heavy casualties.
Turkey’s prime minister is set to visit Libya, a day after the French and British leaders won a hero’s welcome there for helping to overthrow Muammar Gaddafi.
Britain has officially registered a resolution to ease Libya assets and arms sanctions at the UN Security Council and expects a vote on Friday, diplomats say.
UK’s prime minister David Cameron says his government would look to unfreeze a further £12bn in Libyan assets if a UN Security Council resolution on Libya is passed.
Libyans now see fugitive strongman Muammar Gaddafi as "irrelevant", even if their new leaders know Libya won’t be fully liberated until he is captured, a US envoy says.
British PM David Cameron has arrived on a visit to Libya where he and French President Nicolas Sarkozy will meet the country’s new leaders, a spokesperson says.
Terrorism and the proliferation of weapons arising out of the Libyan conflict are a cause for concern, the African Union says.
Benghazi hospitals face huge shortages as few antibiotics are left and cotton and gauze have run out, rattling the nerves of staff and patients alike.
A rights group has accused Libya's new authorities of jailing and torturing some 300 foreigners, mostly Tuaregs from Mali and Niger, suspected of backing the ousted Libyan leader.
Muammar Gaddafi’s son Saadi is under guard in the Niger capital after fleeing Libya over the weekend but Nato acknowledges it has no idea where the fugitive father is holed up.
Libya's new rulers have promised to investigate allegations of "serious abuses" including war crimes, as their position was consolidated when the World Bank recognised them as official government.
Bursting with revolutionary pride and armed with brooms and paintbrushes, Libyan women from all walks of clean up the capital and paint pro-revolution wall murals.
Libya's interim authority must include representatives from all regions of the country, International Relations Minister Maite Nkoana-Mashabane says.
SA has not recognised the Libyan Transitional National Council in line with the AU and will not do so until specific conditions are met.
An official in Niger says three top generals who served Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi are negotiating for political refugee status in the capital.
Libya's new leaders have pledged "moderate" Islamic rule even as their fighters were accused by Amnesty International of committing possible war crimes.
Thirty-two members of fugitive former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi’s inner circle, including his son Saadi, have arrived in Niger since September 02, Niger’s PM says.
The Nato bombing campaign which fatally weakened Muammar Gaddafi's rule had a secret asset: a 24-year-old Libyan woman who spent months spying on military facilities.
Libyans are confident about their future, saying their revolutionary country will not plunge into Iraq-like chaos because it is less exposed to terror group al-Qaeda and to ethnic and religious municipality.
A massive explosion at an arms depot near the international airport in Tripoli’s south has injured two people, witnesses say.
Forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi have attacked the front gate of an oil refinery near the Libyan coastal town of Ras Lanuf, killing 15 guards and injuring two, witnesses say.
Libya's new rulers say they are holding back an assault on one of the last bastions loyal to Muammar Gaddafi but are edging towards the ousted ruler’s birthplace of Sirte.
Fighters backing the new regime in Libya have met strong resistance in the Libyan oasis town of Bani Walid, where they have come under sniper fire from forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi.
A report says Bouzaid Dorda, the head of Muammar Gaddafi's external security organisation has been arrested by anti-Gaddafi fighters.
The International Monetary Fund recognises Libya's National Transitional Council as its government and will send a team there as soon as security permits.
The head of Libya’s new leadership, NTC chief Mustafa Abdel Jalil, has flown to Tripoli for his first visit since its fighters seized the capital and ousted Muammar Gaddafi, an AFP correspondent says.
The UK will return Libyan banknotes that were impounded as part of UN sanctions.
Germany's Angela Merkel faces the biggest challenge to her leadership, with traditionally loyal conservative allies openly criticising her approach to the euro zone crisis.
Oil is mixed in muted Asian trade as investors awaited a key speech by US Federal Reserve chief Ben Bernanke, analysts say.
Oilprices are mixed in Asian trade ahead of a speech by US Federal Reserve chief Ben Bernanke, analysts say.
Oil prices see-sawed in Asian trade as traders monitored the crisis in Libya, with rebels claiming victory but Gaddafi's sons saying he remains in power.
South Africa won't facilitate Muammar Gaddafi's exit from Libya and he will not seek asylum in the country, says Foreign Minister Maite Nkoana-Mashabane.
South African made sniper rifles have found their way into the hands of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi's forces, according to a news report.
Libya's rebel leadership has welcomed the defection of former oil minister Shukri Ghanem, a key official in the regime of Muammer Gaddafi.
A weaker dollar and continued turmoil in North Africa and the Middle East caused the oil price to rise to a near 31-month peak.
Friends and colleagues have paid tribute to documentary filmmaker and photojournalist Tim Hetherington, who was killed during fighting between rebels and government forces in Misrata, Libya.
President Jacob Zuma says other Brics members appreciate South Africa's stance on international politics.
President Jacob Zuma says the African Union appreciated the Brics support of its roadmap towards "a viable political solution" to the Libyan situation.
The National Conventional Arms Control Committee annual report for 2010 shows that South Africa sold weapons to Libya worth about R70m, it has been reported.
Libyan rebels pushed back towards the contested oil port of Brega, regaining mostly desert territory lost to Muammar Gaddafi's army the day before.
AU Commission head Jean Ping expressed doubts that Ivory Coast leader Laurent Gbagbo can negotiate an exit from an international siege.
World oil prices are lower as investors locked in profits from a recent surge, but protests in the Arab world remained a concern, analysts say.
Arms manufacturer Denel has refuted reports that it sold armaments worth billions to Libya after a sales trip there a year ago.
Libya’s government has warned it will sue any international company which concluded energy deals with the rebels who control some of the country’s oil infrastructure.
Oil has fallen in Asian trade as investors weighed in the impact of a jump in US oil stockpiles, analysts say.
Investment decisions should be guided by the threat of a rising oil price and not the aftershocks of Japan's disaster, writes Vic de Klerk.
Global stocks have rebounded from early losses tied to Japan's struggle to contain the world's worst nuclear crisis in decades.
Asian stocks are mostly lower as Japan's struggle to stabilise a leaking nuclear reactor dragged on for a third week.
Crude has been mixed in Asian trade with prices supported by the unrest in Libya and other oil-producing countries in the region.
Traders are keeping an eye on the conflict in Libya amid concern that military action could prolong a shutdown of oil production.
Oil prices have jumped to near $103 a barrel after Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi vowed a "long war" amid a second night of allied strikes.
Global stocks rose and the yen tumbled after the Group of Seven agreed on joint action to weaken the Japanese currency and calm nuclear crisis jitters.
NATO's chief urged the UN to quickly act on Libya to stop Muammar Gaddafi from crushing rebels, but the alliance was divided as it pressed ahead with plans for a no-fly zone.
Oil has touched a two-week low near $111, on investor pessimism that economic growth will slow after Japan's earthquake and tsunami.
President Jacob Zuma has ordered the Treasury to freeze assets linked to Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi and his associates, according to Business Day.
Crude prices have risen in Asian trade due to continued concern about unrest in Libya and the Middle East.
Oil prices fell with North Sea Brent crude dropping by as much as $2 a barrel, after Kuwait's oil minister said Opec was considering boosting production.
The European Union may offer financial and regulatory incentives to North African countries to encourage them to make democratic reforms, according to a report.
Oil prices have risen near 2-½ year highs as worries about supply disruption increased due to deepening unrest in Libya sending Asian shares lower.
Mounting violence, sanctions and rising freight costs are expected to cause crude oil exports from Libya to drop further.
Usher says he's "sincerely troubled" to learn he appeared at a concert in St Bart's linked to Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi's family.
When soft drink giant Coca-Cola moved into Libya, it became embroiled in a brutal feud between members of Muammar Gaddafi's all-powerful family, a report says.
Oil prices fell, with North Sea Brent crude dropping below $115 after the Arab League said a peace plan for Libya was under consideration.
Oil prices pushed higher in Asian trade as unrest in the Middle East and North Africa continued to weigh on markets, analysts say.
The dollar is firmer against the euro and yen as risk aversion gripped markets due to escalating turmoil in the Middle East and North Africa, sending oil prices higher.
Oil has vaulted over $116 per barrel on concerns that escalating tensions in Libya would spread in the Middle East and disrupt fuel supplies.
The department of energy says an urgent review of SA's strategic fuel stock is needed amid the current political crisis in north Africa and the Middle East.
Crude prices are higher despite oil kingpin Saudi Arabia's pledge to ensure sufficient supplies.
World markets are mixed, with Asian shares trading mostly higher but shares elsewhere dipping as traders struggle to push aside worries over political turmoil in Libya.
The euro has firmed against the dollar, recouping its earlier losses that reflected worries over Middle Eastern oil supplies sparked by ongoing turmoil in Libya.
Britain has frozen the UK assets of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi and his family.
If SA continues to neglect the plight of the jobless the country will go the way of Egypt, according to a Rhodes University lecturer.
The JSE has eked out small gains, as investors embarked on bargain-hunting following three consecutive days of losses.
Libya has billions of dollars in US bank accounts, according to a confidential US diplomatic cable.
The JSE is modestly lower, as local investors struggled to find direction.
The JSE is weaker, as investors remain skittish as unrest continued unabated in the Middle East and North Africa.
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