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21 Feb 2011 - 06 May 2021
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13 October 2011 Last updated at 05:01 ET
The Gaddafi family tree
A look at the roles and relationships of the ousted Libyan leader's closest family, amid the ongoing battle for control of the country.

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Whereabouts: Unknown
Official post: None

Gaddafi's first wife was a schoolteacher. The couple are reported not to have met before they married. They had one son, Muhammad, but separated after six months. Little else is known about her.
Colonel Muammar Gaddafi

Whereabouts: Unknown
Official post: Leader

There has been no sign of Col Gaddafi, since he appeared on national radio calling for all Libyans to fight the rebels as they approached Tripoli. He is believed to be somewhere in the country's southern deserts. Having seized power in a bloodless military coup in 1969, he was the longest-serving leader in Africa and in the Arab world. He claimed the country was run by "people's committees". In reality, Gadaffi retained authoritarian control until the popular uprising that began in April.
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Safia al-Gaddafi

Whereabouts: Algeria
Official post: None

Safia fled to Algeria following the rebels capture of Tripoli. She is Gaddafi's second wife and mother of seven of his children. The couple also adopted a son and daughter, Milad and Hanna. Following the American bombing of Tripoli in 1986, Col Gaddafi announced that Hanna, then aged four, had been killed in the attack. However, there have since been reports suggesting that she may still be alive.
Muhammad al-Gaddafi

Whereabouts: Algeria
Official post: Head of Libyan Olympic committee

Muhammad fled to Algeria shortly after the rebels took Tripoli. Born to Gaddafi's first wife, Muhammad is Gaddafi's eldest son. As well as running the Olympic committee, he was also the chairman of the General Post and Telecom Company which controlled Libya's mobile phone and satellite communications networks.
Saif al-Islam al-Gaddafi

Whereabouts: Unknown
Official post: Head of Gaddafi family's charity

Despite declaring in 2008 that he had no interest in "inheriting" power from his father, Saif al-Islam was still seen as his father's most likely successor. He has not been seen since making public appearances during the battle for Tripoli, calling for continued resistance against the rebels. A fluent English speaker, he was widely seen as the modern face of Libya. In 2006 he left the country after criticising his father's regime, only to return later.
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Saadi Gaddafi

Whereabouts: Niger
Official post: President of the Libyan Football Federation

A son of Gaddafi's second wife, Saadi is married to the daughter of a military commander. He has been given refuge in neighbouring Niger. A former footballer who had a very brief career in Italy's Serie A, he ran the Libyan Football Federation after being national team captain. After retiring from football, he became involved in the film industry, apparently investing $100m in a film fund.
Mutassim Gaddafi

Whereabouts: Unconfirmed
Official post: National security advisor

There are conflicting reports about Mutassim's whereabouts. Some say he was seized in his family's hometown of Sirte, while others dispute the claims. As national security advisor and a lieutenant colonel in the Libyan army, Mutassim was a member of his father's inner circle. He lived in Egypt for several years, after allegedly masterminding a coup attempt against his father, until he was forgiven and allowed to return.
Hannibal Gaddafi

Whereabouts: Algeria
Official post: Head of state shipping company

Hannibal fled to Algeria shortly after the rebels took control of Tripoli. He worked for Libya's General National Maritime Transport Company, a company that specialises in oil exports. He has reportedly been involved in a number of violent incidents. Accused of beating a girlfriend in Paris in 2005 and arrested in 2008 in Geneva for assaulting two of his servants. Later freed on bail, the Libyan government ordered a boycott of Swiss goods, expelled Swiss companies and recalled its diplomats.
Saif al-Arab Gaddafi

Whereabouts: Dead
Official post: Army officer

The Libyan government reported Saif al-Arab as killed in a Nato air strike on the Gaddafi compound on 30 April 2011, along with three of the Libyan leader's grandchildren. Very little is known about Saif al-Arab, who was one of Gaddafi youngest sons. In 2008 his Ferrari was impounded by German police because of a noisy exhaust, according to a report in the UK's Daily Telegraph newspaper. He was said to be a student in Munich at the time.
Khamis Gaddafi

Whereabouts: Unknown
Official post: Commander of Libya's 32nd Brigade

Khamis Gaddafi has not been seen since the rebels overran the barracks of his 32nd Brigade just outside Tripoli. He operated his own special forces unit having received military training in Russia and is said to have been in charge of the suppression of protests in Benghazi. After taking the Khamis Brigade's base, Libyan rebel forces found evidence of a recent massacre of more than 50 people there.
Ayesha al-Gaddafi

Whereabouts: Algeria
Official post: None

Aisha fled to Algeria shortly after the rebels took control of Tripoli. A lawyer, who joined the defence team of executed former leader of Iraq, Saddam Hussein. She married a cousin of her father in 2006.
Milad Abuztaia Al-Gaddafi

Whereabouts: Unknown
Official post: Unknown

Adopted son and nephew, Milad is credited with saving Gaddafi's life during the 1986 US bombing of the Gaddafi compound.
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