167 captures
23 Aug 2011 - 10 Feb 2021
About this capture
23 August 2011 Last updated at 04:19 ET
Profile: Saif al-Islam Gaddafi

Saif al-Islam, whose name means Sword of Islam, has always denied that he was seeking to inherit power from his father
Libya Crisis
In pictures: Sirte battle
Vying for power
Where is Gaddafi?
Profile: Sirte
Despite holding no official position in the Libyan government, Saif al-Islam Gaddafi has long been seen as the second most influential figure in the country after his father.
But he is now wanted by the International Criminal Court accused of crimes against humanity for his alleged role in the suppression of opposition protests in February.
Until the rebellion - and the government's response - this stylish English-speaker, 39, was considered the reformist face of the Libyan government.
The second of Col Muammar Gaddafi's nine children has also made several speeches vowing to fight to the end against the rebels and accusing them of being "drunkards and thugs", as well as "terrorists".
"We are in our land and in our country. We will resist for six months, one year, two years... and we will win," he said in a speech broadcast on state TV on Sunday, just hours before rebel forces entered Tripoli.
The rebels had claimed to have captured him during their advance and the ICC said it was looking forward to putting him on trial.
But he then turned up outside a Tripoli hotel where international journalists are based, greeting crowds of cheering supporters.
And he still sounded confident of victory, saying the rebels had been ambushed by forces loyal to his father.
"We broke the backbone of the rebels," he said. "It was a trap. We gave them a hard time. So we are winning."
It is not clear whether he had been detained and managed to escape or whether the claims were simply not true.
Pet tigers
He had previously argued that Libya needed democracy and played a key role in Libya's rapprochement with the West between 2000 and the 2011 uprising.
As head of the Gaddafi family's charity and allegedly the multi-billion dollar sovereign wealth fund, the Libyan Investment Authority (LIA) - although he denies this - Saif al-Islam had access to huge amounts of money, which he used to smooth relations with the West.
Who is Saif al-Islam?
Born 1972
Stylish, English-speaking bachelor
Trained engineer
Long seen as likely successor to his father - suggestions he played down
Previously seen as reformist face of his father's regime
Played key role in rapprochement with the West from 2000-2011
Accused of organising brutal crackdown on opposition protests in February
Meeting Saif al-Islam Gaddafi
How Saif Gaddafi seduced the West
The Gaddafi family tree
He was involved in the negotiations which led his father to abandon his nuclear weapons programme and later helped mediate the release of six Bulgarian medics accused of infecting children with HIV in a Libyan hospital.
The trained engineer also negotiated compensation for the families of those killed in the 1988 Lockerbie bombing, the 1986 Berlin nightclub attack and the 1989 downing of UTA flight 772.
Again, he is said to have been involved in talks about the controversial 2009 decision to free from prison the man convicted of the Lockerbie bombing, Abdelbaset al-Megrahi.
After these agreements, international sanctions were lifted and with Saif al-Islam prominent both politically and economically, Libya seemed set to embark on an era of remarkable change.
Its oil sector was starting to open up and Libya had agreed to tackle the growing flow of sub-Saharan African migrants through the country to Europe.
The bachelor owns a house in London and has had links to British political figures as well as the royal family. He has met the Duke of York many times and is said to have visited both Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle.
He is known to keep two tigers as pets and also enjoys hunting with falcons in the deserts - a past-time traditionally enjoyed by Arab royals - and is a keen amateur painter.
Saif al-Islam, whose name means Sword of Islam, always denied that he was seeking to inherit power from his father, saying the reins of power were "not a farm to inherit".
He had announced his retirement from politics in a 2008 speech.
"I intervened extensively in everything: Our foreign policy, in a lot of problems, in development, in housing. Because there were no institutions or an administrative system that were able to do so," he said.
"But now the situation has changed and if I continue there will be a problem."
He also called for political reform - a theme he addressed in the doctorate he obtained the same year from the London School of Economics (LSE).
When Saif al-Islam's role in the crackdown against protesters was reported, LSE director Howard Davies resigned from his post after facing criticism for accepting donations from the charitable foundation led by the son of the Libyan leader.
The university is also investigating the authenticity of Saif al-Islam's PhD thesis, amid reports it was plagiarized.
More on This Story
Libya Crisis
Features and Analysis
In pictures: Sirte battle
Images from the Libyan city of Sirte, where transitional government forces have been battling Gaddafi loyalists.
Vying for power
Where is Gaddafi?
Profile: Sirte
Hunt for Gaddafi
Pain resurfaces
Chaotic fighting
Loyalists sit tight in Sirte
Islamists keen to engage
Migrant backlash
Painting Gaddafi
The final phase?
After Gaddafi
Jalil: Crowd pleaser
Waiting for the oil to flow
Quest for justice
Gaddafi: African asylum seeker?
Where are the weapons?
Conflict images
'Mass killing' sites
Islamists among rebels?
Profiles & Maps
The Gaddafi story
Gaddafi's co-accused by the ICC
Gaddafi family tree
Key figures in rebel council
Profile: Mustafa Abdul Jalil
Libya conflict: Q&A
Coalition firepower
Gaddafi's bolt-hole
Where do Nato countries stand?
Where is al-Qaeda?
How war is being funded
Share this page
More Africa stories
French woman held in Somalia dies
A 66-year-old French woman kidnapped from Kenya by Somali gunmen has died, say French officials.
Botswana call to change gay laws
Africa 'set to grow 5% in 2011'
Top stories
Greece MPs back austerity plans
Ohio police hunt escaped animals
Carla Bruni 'gives birth to girl'
Army chief warns US over Pakistan
New clashes at Chile mass protest
Features & Analysis
Why the sun set on an American town called Empire
Is America illegal?
Lawyers debate the Declaration of Independence
Damned lies and statistics
Can official accounts of Mexico drugs war's death toll be trusted?
24 hours of news
Striking photos from around the world
Most Popular
Ohio police hunt escaped animals
Viking boat burial find 'a first'
Is America built on a lie?
Carla Bruni 'gives birth to girl'
IQ 'can change in teenage years'
Army chief warns US over Pakistan
'Broadband giant' heads skyward
In pictures: Exotic animals escape Ohio game reserve
French woman held in Somalia dies
Greece MPs back austerity plans
Elsewhere on BBC News
New chapter
Why South Korean students are being told to scrap their textbooks and go digital
US President Bush was 'not told the truth' about waterboarding, says a former FBI agent
News feeds
E-mail news
About BBC News
Editors' blog
BBC College of Journalism
News sources
World Service Trust
About the BBC
BBC Help
Contact Us
Accessibility Help
Terms of Use
Privacy & Cookies
Advertise With Us
Ad Choices
BBC © 2011 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.
HomeUS & CanadaLatin AmericaUKAfricaAsia-PacEuropeMid-EastSouth AsiaBusinessHealthSci/EnvironmentTechEntertainmentVideo