19 October 2011 Last updated at
French hostage Marie Dedieu held in Somalia dies
Marie Dedieu was taken by an armed gang from her home on Manda island
A French woman kidnapped from Kenya by Somali gunmen earlier this month has died, say French officials.
Diplomats said they were told of Marie Dedieu's death by contacts through whom they had been negotiating her release.
The exact date and circumstances of her death are not known, but her poor health and the fact medication had been withheld had led to fears this "tragic outcome was highly likely", they said.
Mrs Dedieu, 66, was one of four Westerners recently taken from Kenya.
In September, Briton David Tebbutt was killed and his wife Judith abducted from a luxury resort of Kiwayu on the Kenyan coast.
Earlier this month, two female Spanish aid workers with the charity Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) were seized from the Dadaab refugee camp near the Kenya-Somalia border.
All three kidnapped women are still missing.
East Africa correspondent
Sadly this news has not come as a great surprise to people who knew Marie Dedieu in Lamu. She had been spending the European winters there for several years and her friends say she was in very poor health with cancer and a heart condition making daily medicine a necessity.
If as the French foreign ministry suggests she was denied access to the life saving medicine, her death was tantamount to murder. If the pursuit of a hefty ransom payment was the motive for the kidnapping then taking somebody in poor health who was also severely disabled seems a strange choice. It is not clear who was holding her.
In lawless Somalia, al-Shabab, pirate gangs and bandits are all possible candidates. When money is the goal the groups also co-operate with each other. The Kenyan government is likely to portray Mrs Dedieu's death as another reason to justify the incursion into Somalia to fight al-Shabab. But analysts say there is no concrete proof that al-Shabab was behind the recent kidnappings and the group has denied any involvement in them.
Mrs Dedieu, who was a wheelchair-user and had to take regular medication for cancer and heart problems, had lived part-time in Kenya since the 1990s.
She was taken from her beachfront home on the small island of Manda in the Lamu archipelago on 1 October by an armed gang.
Officials confirmed she had been taken by sea to Somalia and that the kidnappers did not take her wheelchair or medication with them.
In a statement, the French foreign ministry expressed its "indignation at the total lack of humanity and the cruelty shown by the kidnappers of our compatriot".
It demanded that those responsible be brought to justice.
The Kenyan government said Mrs Dedieu died in the captivity of Somalia's militant Islamist group, al-Shabab.
"The kidnapping and detention of Marie Dedieu was a terror act not only against her, but also against Kenya, her home country France and the entire world," it said, in a statement.
But correspondents say it is not clear that al-Shabab, which controls most of south and central Somalia, abducted her.
Somalia has been wracked by fighting between various militias for two decades, so weapons are widely available and there are many armed groups who could be responsible.
Al-Shabab has not previously seized foreigners far from its own territory, while the numerous pirate gangs working out of Somalia normally kidnap ships and their crew for ransom rather than operating on land, correspondents say.
Kenya abduction timeline
11 September: Judith Tebbutt - British tourist, 56 years old, snatched by gunmen near the coast
1 October: Marie Dedieu - 66-year-old French national, taken by the coast
13 October: Blanca Thiebaut and Montserrat Serra - Spanish aid workers seized from the Dadaab refugee camp
16 October: Kenya troops enter Somalia to fight Islamist militants
Kenya has responded to the spate of kidnappings by sending troops into Somalia on Sunday to fight the militants.
"Abductions are extremely complex and need to be handled with care. Therefore, MSF is very concerned that security and the resolution of the incident could be compromised by any use of force being related to the case," MSF Spain head Jose Antonio Bastos said.
He said MSF had no verifiable information on who was responsible for the abductions and what their motives were.
"MSF is currently engaging with all relevant actors to seek the safe and swift release of our colleagues and any use of force could endanger this," Mr Bastos said.
A Somali government general, Yusuf Dhumal, told the BBC Somali Service on Tuesday that his troops were with the Kenyan force heading towards an al-Shabab-held town of Afmadow, 120km (75 miles) from the border
Reuters news agency reports that columns of al-Shabab battle-wagons mounted with heavy machine guns have rushed to reinforce Afmadow, which is about 90km north of the port city of Kismayo, al-Shabab's main economic power base.
Al-Shabab has denied carrying out any abductions and has warned of attacks in Kenya unless the troops withdraw.
The group, which has links with al-Qaeda, has threatened Kenya on several occasions in the past.
But it has rarely acted outside Somalia - the only previous major attack it has said it carried out was a 2010 suicide bombing in Uganda's capital Kampala in which dozens of people died.
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