The Reform and Development Party falls on the liberal side of the spectrum. Starting as a splinter from the Democratic Front in 2009, it was not allowed to register officially until May 2011, but remained active in the interim. The party has so far remained aloof concerning alliances, joining neither the Democratic Alliance nor the Egypt Bloc.
The Reform and Development Party, a relative newcomer to Egypt’s political scene, was launched in January 2009 by Anwar Tal’at Esma’t Sadat, a nephew of former President Anwar Sadat, after he defected from the Democratic Front Party. The Political Parties Committee rejected his application for legal status in July 2010. Rather than appealing the decision, Sadat started lobbying for a complete overhaul of the committee’s structure to prevent it from functioning as an instrument of the National Democratic Party (NDP) and custodian of the regime’s interests. The party was legalized on May 21, 2011 after the 2011 uprising. In June 2011, the Reform and Development Party merged with the Our Egypt party led by Ramy Lakkah, and Lakkah became the party’s new president.