In every clash between demonstrators and security forces since the January revolution, the security forces involved in the violence, whether they were police or army, justified the killing and injuring of demonstrators with excuses such as: that the demonstrators were the ones who started the violence, that the security forces used only legitimate means to defend public property and defend themselves, or that the killings were not carried out by the security forces themselves,
Summary and Recommendations: for 18 days, starting on the 25th January, Egypt witnessed mass demonstrations demanding the downfall of Hosni Mubarak's regime. The demonstrations turned into severe clashes between security forces and protesters on the 28th January. As a result, that evening all police forces withdrew from their positions, while the armed forces took over their role.
Introduction: On July 28th 2011, the World Health Organisation celebrated World Hepatitis Day for the first time. On this occasion, the WHO highlights that there are around 350 million people suffering from chronic hepatitis B and around 170 million people suffering from chronic hepatitis C (HCV) worldwide. Moreover, it urges member states of the WHO and all other countries to provide treatment and preventative measures to all those affected by this disease.
In May 2010, Egypt enacted Law 64 of year 2010 on Combating Trafficking in Persons. This law provides a definition of “crimes of trafficking in persons” and stipulates the penalties applicable. It also guarantees certain rights to victims of trafficking and imposes a duty of the state to ensure their full protection. At the time of writing (October 2010), the Implementing Statute of the law has not been issued.
Introduction- 1. Egypt is no different than other societies comprised of individuals and groups espousing different religious beliefs and affiliated with various religious communities. Many societies are able to live with these differences and, indeed, build on this diversity to enrich public life. Other societies, whether by design or default, are unable to manage diversity, some to the extent that they are unable to uphold coexistence.
Introduction- Organ transplantation is, without a doubt, one of the most significant achievements in modern medicine. In many cases, it is the only treatment for the late stages of organ failure and chronic heart, liver and kidney disease. Organ transplants continue to give hope to millions of people around the world.
This Report- examines the most significant developments in Egypt for freedom of religion and belief during the months of October, November and December 2009.
This submission is intended to supplement the combined 6th and 7th periodic report of the government of Egypt, which is scheduled to be reviewed by the CEDAW Committee during its 45th Session.
The Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR) filed an urgent lawsuit (no. 64/2457) with the Court of Administrative Justice seeking the suspension of the Minister of Health decree that went into effect on 25 September 2009. The decree establishes a new pricing system for drugs in Egypt, which will inevitably entail a sharp increase in prices.
The Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights encourages freedom of information.