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Jordan
Muhammad Hamed/Reuters
Updated: Nov. 16, 2012
Jordan, one of America’s most important allies in the Middle East, was hit in late January 2011 by the waves of unrest that spread across the Arab world in the wake of the revolution in Tunisia. Protests were led by the Islamic Action Front, the political arm of the Muslim Brotherhood, but included leftists and trade unions. Demonstrators protested economic hardship and demanded the right to elect the prime minister, who is currently appointed by King Abdullah II
On Feb. 1, the king dismissed his cabinet and prime minister in a surprise effort to calm street protests that had also been fueled by the country’s worst economic crisis in years. In June, he announced that the government would in the future be elected, not appointed, responding to a demand of protesters calling for democratic change. That fall, the king fired his government yet again.
For most of 2011, demonstrations subsided. The increasingly violent rebellion in neighboring Syria and the brutal suppression by the government of the Syrian president, Bashar al-Assad, appeared to have dampened the enthusiasm of some activists in Jordan, who fear the prospect of a slide into chaos. King Abdullah in November 2011 had become the first of Syria’s Arab neighbors to call for a change in government there.
But in September 2012, angry protests erupted over a planned 10 percent increase in gas prices, part of an effort to reduce the subsidy burden on the state budget and fill a $3 billion deficit caused largely by a decrease in aid from Persian Gulf states.  King Abdullah quickly cancelled the increase after a weekend of demonstrations and after 89 of Parliament’s 120 members signed a statement of no confidence in the prime minister over the hikes.
In November, the government announced a new round of gas hikes and violent protests quickly broke out across the nation in what appeared to be an unparalleled show of anger directed at the king. The unrest went on for several nights and involved exchanges of rocks and tear gas. Unlike previous demonstrations, the protests called for ending the rule of King Abdullah.
The eruption came as the king struggled to contain a growing and increasingly diverse opposition by introducing electoral reforms ahead of balloting scheduled for January 2013 and by establishing a constitutional court.
Critics have rejected these initiatives as half steps — they complain that the court, for example, is neutered because the king appoints its judges — and the monarchy has jailed dozens of activists on charges including incitement to change the Constitution and to overthrow the government, which can carry the death penalty. In October, the king dissolved Parliament and appointed Jordan’s fourth prime minister in a year.
Background
Though highly literate and largely stable, with well-developed security and intelligence operations, Jordan has a fundamental vulnerability in the large number of Palestinians living there. Refugees arrived in large numbers from the West Bank and Jerusalem after the war in 1967, and more arrived from Kuwait after Saddam Hussein invaded that country in 1990. They and their descendants make up nearly half the country’s population of 6.5 million.  
Jordan’s main constituencies are the so-called East Bankers or tribes, and the Palestinians who constitute a majority of the nation’s population. East Bankers, the country’s original inhabitants, dominate the civil service, especially the security forces, while the Palestinians rule in the private sector. Economic reform to bring Jordan in line with the global marketplace has tended to benefit the Palestinians, while the East Bankers — the core of the monarchy’s support — rely on the government payroll.
Read More...
Jordan Chronology
Nov. 14, 2012
Violent protests erupt across Jordon after government announces increase in fuel prices; anger appears to be directed at King Abdullah II after months of mounting tension in politically fragile kingdom.MORE »
Nov. 14, 2012
Omar Mahmoud Mohammed Othman, militant Islamic preacher known as Abu Qatada, is released on bail in Great Britain after immigration appeals tribunal decides that sending Othman to Jordan, where he is wanted on terrorism charges, would violate his right to fair trial under European human rights law; ruling is blow to British government, who say Othman is a top Al Qaeda operative.MORE »
Nov. 13, 2012
British immigration appeals tribunal rules that sending militant Islamic preacher Omar Mahmoud Mohammed Othman to Jordan to face terrorism charges violates his right to fair trial under European human rights law; orders him released from prison under tight bail conditions; government officials say they will appeal ruling.MORE »
Nov. 1, 2012
Zaatari, Jordan, is site of makeshift marketplaces, selling everything from fruits and vegetables to perfume, that have sprung up in refugee camps housing Syrians who have fled the war at home; inhabitants come to terms with fact that they may be stuck in camps for months.MORE »
Oct. 23, 2012
Lebanon and Jordan move aggressively to squelch spread of violence from Syria's dead-locked civil war, most significant register yet of alarm over strife spilling over Syrian borders.MORE »
Oct. 22, 2012
Jordanian officials say they have foiled major terrorist plot, arresting 11 people who they say had been planning to attack shopping malls and diplomatic targets in the country.MORE »
Oct. 11, 2012
British authorities resume protracted effort to send Muslim cleric Omar Mahmoud Mohammed Othman to Jordan to face charges; Othman, also known as Abu Qatada, was convicted in absentia for his involvement in terrorist bombing plots and has been under restriction in Britain for more than a decade.MORE »
Oct. 10, 2012
front page
United States military secretly sends task force of more than 150 planners and other specialists to Jordan operation is intended to help country handle the flood of Syrian refugees who have crossed the border, and to prepare plans for insulating Jordan should the turmoil in Syria expand into a wider conflict.MORE »
Oct. 6, 2012
Muslim Brotherhood organizes largest demonstration since protests erupted in 2011, calling on King Abdullah II of Jordan to accelerate democratic change.MORE »
Sep. 4, 2012
King Abdullah II of Jordan moves to block a 10 percent increase in gasoline and diesel fuel prices after protesters take to the streets, raising the specter of renewed social unrest in the cash-poor kingdom.MORE »
Sep. 4, 2012
Syrian rebel fighters portray their battle as a struggle for democracy, but refugee children at a camp in Jordan blame the war on Syria's Alawite Muslims, a minority ruling sect that the Sunni Muslims believe are responsible for driving them from their homes; youngsters offer a disturbing premonition that the conflict in Syria may shift into sectarian revenge.MORE »
Sep. 2, 2012
front page
Air assaults by Syria's government have caused many Syrians to flee across the border to Jordan, where they have been arriving at refugee camps at a rate of about 2,000 per night aid workers at the camps say the attacks seem to be a deliberate attempt to drive out any civilians who might sympathize with the rebels.MORE »
Aug. 29, 2012
United Nations refugee agency reports that the number of Syrian refugees fleeing to Jordan has more than doubled within a one-week period, raising further fears of a growing exodus that threatens to overwhelm international relief efforts.MORE »
Aug. 3, 2012
King Abdullah II of Jordan meets with Defense Secretary Leon E Panetta to discuss the flood of refugees crossing the border from Syria and their concerns about securing Syria’s large stockpiles of chemical weapons.MORE »
Aug. 2, 2012
Jordanian police officers raid the hide-outs of men suspected of being weapon and drug traffickers, setting off rare gun battle's in the kingdom's normally peaceful capital.MORE »
Jul. 26, 2012
Jordanian officials, fearing the fallout and spread of the uprising in neighboring Syria, have moved more forcefully to restrain incoming refugees, many of whom are opponents of the Syrian government.MORE »
May. 4, 2012
King Abdullah II of Jordan swears in new cabinet assigned to make progress on laws allowing for more government posts to be filled by elections, but political activists and analysts say that the quick succession of three governments over the past year and a half does not bode well for the prospect of genuine reform.MORE »
Feb. 10, 2012
King Abdullah II of Jordan has long faced critics among liberals in the cities calling for changes in the country's political and economic systems, but is presented with new challenge as tribesmen in the heartland begin protests; he is seeking to appease public frustration over government corruption and avoid turmoil that has upended other Arab countries.MORE »
Jan. 30, 2012
Hamas leader Khaled Meshal makes rare visit to Jordan, days after Hamas officials signal that he had effectively abandoned the group's base in Damascus, Syria's capital city; visit is first official one by a Hamas leader since 1999, when the Jordanian government shut down Hamas headquarters, forcing group to relocate to Damascus.MORE »
Jan. 18, 2012
European Court of Human Rights rules that Abu Qatada, whose real name is Omar Mahmoud Mohammed Othman, cannot be deported from Britain to his native Jordan because his trial there would be tainted by evidence obtained by torture; Qatada is a radical Islamic preacher that is regarded as one of Al Qaeda's main inspirational leaders in Europe.MORE »
Jan. 4, 2012
Talks between Israel and the Palestinian Authority in Jordan are taking place in a region in which political Islam is emerging as a potentially transformative force; it is first encounter between the parties in more than a year.MORE »
Dec. 14, 2011
Dozens of Jewish settlers, prompted by a rumor that several of their outposts would be dismantled, attack an Israeli Army base in the West Bank; the attack occurs hours after another group of settlers occupied a border post with Jordan, in protest of Jordan's efforts to intervene in Israel's closure of a footbridge leading to a holy compound in Jerusalem.MORE »
Nov. 29, 2011
Jordan's King Abdullah II hosts Israeli President Shimon Peres in an effort to make progress on the stubborn Palestinian question at a time of regional diplomatic uncertainty and fragmentation; Jordan sees an opportunity to replace Egypt as the bridge between Israel and the Arab world.MORE »
Nov. 22, 2011
Jordan's King Abdullah II visits West Bank for first time in a decade and confers with Palestinian Authority Pres Mahmoud Abbas as both men begin risky reconciliation efforts with the Islamists of Hamas.MORE »
Nov. 15, 2011
Jordan's King Abdullah adds his voice to growing pressure on Syrian Pres Bashar al-Assad to relinquish power, becoming first Arab leader on Syria's doorstep to call for a change in government to end increasingly bloody political uprising there.MORE »
Oct. 25, 2011
Jordan's King Abdullah II swears in reform-minded government to speed up political liberalization.MORE »
Oct. 18, 2011
King Abdullah II of Jordan fires his government in response to public pressure for faster political reform; appoints Awn Khasawneh, an international judge, as his new prime minister.MORE »

There are no additional abstracts to display.
General Information on Jordan
Official Name: Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Capital: Amman (Current local time)
Government Type: Constitutional monarchy
Population: 6.05 million
Area: 34,495 square miles
Languages: Arabic (official), English widely understood among upper and middle classes
Literacy: Total Population: [90%] Male: [95%]; Female: [85%]
Year of Independence: 1946
Web site: Parliament.gov.jo
Articles
Newest First | Oldest First
Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | Next >>
Protesters Come Up Empty in Jordan
By DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK
A wave of demonstrations against King Abdullah II set off by an increase in fuel prices appeared to reach its peak on Friday as thousands of protesters gathered in Amman to call for the monarch’s ouster.
November 17, 2012, Saturday
MORE ON JORDAN AND: ABDULLAH II, KING OF JORDAN, DEMONSTRATIONS, PROTESTS, AND RIOTS, JORDAN
Pictures of the Day: Gaza and Elsewhere
By THE NEW YORK TIMES
Photos from Gaza, Israel, Jordan and Croatia
November 16, 2012
MORE ON JORDAN AND: PHOTOGRAPHY, CROATIA, JORDAN, ISRAEL, GAZA STRIP
Protests in Jordan Continue, With Calls for Ending the King’s Rule
By DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK
Thousands of young men poured into Jordan’s streets for a third night of scattered protests against King Abdullah II, as the United States expressed support for the monarch.
November 16, 2012, Friday
MORE ON JORDAN AND: ABDULLAH II, KING OF JORDAN, POLICE BRUTALITY AND MISCONDUCT, OIL (PETROLEUM) AND GASOLINE, UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, DEMONSTRATIONS, PROTESTS, AND RIOTS, MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA UNREST (2010- ), POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT, JORDAN
Protests Over Gas Prices in Jordan Turn Deadly
By JODI RUDOREN and RANYA KADRI
Opposition leaders scrambled to harness a spontaneous eruption of anger on the second day of demonstrations.
November 15, 2012, Thursday
MORE ON JORDAN AND: MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA UNREST (2010- ), OIL (PETROLEUM) AND GASOLINE, DEMONSTRATIONS, PROTESTS, AND RIOTS, JORDAN
Riots Erupt Across Jordan Over Gas Prices
By JODI RUDOREN
Demonstrators burned tires, smashed traffic lights and blocked roads in an unparalleled show of anger at a government proposal to increase fuel prices.
November 14, 2012, Wednesday
MORE ON JORDAN AND: ABDULLAH II, KING OF JORDAN, DEMONSTRATIONS, PROTESTS, AND RIOTS, OIL (PETROLEUM) AND GASOLINE, MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA UNREST (2010- ), JORDAN
Militant Islamic Preacher Is Freed on Bail in Britain
By ALAN COWELL and JOHN F. BURNS
Officials spoke out against a decision by an immigration tribunal to free on bail the preacher known as Abu Qatada, who is said to be one of Al Qaeda’s top operatives in Europe.
November 14, 2012, Wednesday
MORE ON JORDAN AND: AL QAEDA, OTHMAN, OMAR MAHMOUD MOHAMMED, EXTRADITION, DEPORTATION, DECISIONS AND VERDICTS, TERRORISM, GREAT BRITAIN, JORDAN
Britain: Radical Cleric Wins Deportation Appeal
By JOHN F. BURNS
An immigration appeals tribunal ruled that sending a militant Islamic preacher to Jordan to face terrorism charges would violate his right to a fair trial under European human rights law.
November 13, 2012, Tuesday
MORE ON JORDAN AND: EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS, OTHMAN, OMAR MAHMOUD MOHAMMED, DEPORTATION, MUSLIMS AND ISLAM, HUMAN RIGHTS AND HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS, TERRORISM, GREAT BRITAIN, JORDAN
Women's Rights at a Standstill in Jordan
By RANA F. SWEIS
As political change sweeps the region, leadership positions continue to be held almost entirely by men.
November 8, 2012, Thursday
MORE ON JORDAN AND: ABDULLAH II, KING OF JORDAN, WOMEN AND GIRLS, MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA UNREST (2010- ), WOMEN'S RIGHTS, MIDDLE EAST, JORDAN
Arab Women Turn to Crafts as a Source of Employment
By RANA F. SWEIS
A growing number of Jordanian women are, for a few hours each day, escaping from family and social constraints into gainful, home-based activities.
November 1, 2012, Thursday
MORE ON JORDAN AND: ENTREPRENEURSHIP, COMPUTERS AND THE INTERNET, NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS, WOMEN AND GIRLS, MIDDLE EAST, JORDAN
Market Rises, Perfume and All, as Refugees Face a Long Syria War
By JODI RUDOREN
Along the main road through the Zaatari camp in Jordan, there are at least three coffee shops, a brand-new falafel stand inside a tent, and stands selling fruits and vegetables.
November 1, 2012, Thursday
MORE ON JORDAN AND: SHOPPING AND RETAIL, REFUGEES AND DISPLACED PERSONS, RATIONING AND ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES, SYRIA, JORDAN, DARA'A (SYRIA)
SEARCH 3183 ARTICLES:
Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | Next >>
Unrest in the Arab World Navigator
A list of resources from around the Web about unrest in the Arab world as selected by researchers and editors of The New York Times.
Arab Spring: an Interactive Timeline of Middle East Protests
THE GUARDIAN
Eye on the Middle East and North Africa
UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE
Change in the Middle East and North Africa
CARNEGIE ENDOWMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACE
Documents
"Egypt in Transition"
CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE (VIA U.S. DEPT. OF STATE), AUG. 23, 2011
Remarks by the President on the Middle East and North Africa
THE WHITE HOUSE, MAY 19, 2011
"Future Challenges for the Arab World: The Implications of Demographic and Economic Trends"
RAND CORPORATION, MAY 18, 2011
"The American Public and the Arab Awakening"
BROOKINGS INSTITUTION, APRIL 20, 2011
"Political Transition in Tunisia"
CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE (VIA FAS), FEB. 12, 2011
Books
"The Arab Awakening"
THE BROOKINGS INSTITUTION (NOVEMBER 2011)
"Rock the Casbah: Rage and Rebellion Across the Islamic World"
BY ROBIN WRIGHT (JULY 2011)
"The New Arab Revolt: What Happened, What It Means, and What Comes Next"
COUNCIL ON FOREIGN RELATIONS (MAY 2011)
Other Coverage
"Baby Steps"
FOREIGN POLICY, JULY 20, 2012
"One Year Later: Five Lessons from the Arab Revolts"
THE BROOKINGS INSTITUTION, DEC. 20, 2011
"Is the Arab Spring Bad for Women?"
FOREIGN POLICY, DEC. 20, 2011
"After the Hope of the Arab Spring, the Chill of an Arab Winter"
THE WASHINGTON POST, DEC. 1, 2011
Arab Public Opinion Poll
THE BROOKINGS INSTITUTION, NOV. 21, 2011
"The Syrian Problem"
THE NEW YORKER, MAY 30, 2011
"After the Arab Spring"
THE ATLANTIC, MARCH 28, 2011
"In Tunisia, Act of One Fruit Vendor Unleashes Wave of Revolution through Arab World"
THE WASHINGTON POST, MARCH 26, 2011
Jordan Navigator
A list of resources about Jordan as selected by researchers and editors of The New York Times.
C.I.A. World Factbook country profile
State Department -- history and overview
BBC country profile
The Economist - forecast and economic data
News and online media
National Geographic world music guide
Multimedia
Protests Continue to Rise in Jordan
Jordan faced a fourth day of protests on Friday, as demonstrators angered by a reduction in government fuel subsidies filled the streets in Amman, the capital.
Syrian Refugees Pour Into Jordan
Nearly 2,000 Syrians are flooding nightly into Jordan, which says it has accepted about 180,000 refugees since the conflict began.
Syrian Refugees Find Safety, With Restrictions, in Jordan
Jordan has received praise for accepting Syrian refugees, but the evidence of the government’s uneasy relationship with the exiles is not hard to come by.
Protesters and Police Clash in Amman
Supporters of Jordan’s government have attacked antigovernment protesters to stop them from gathering in a main square in the capital.
Protests Draw Hundreds of Thousands Across Middle East
Demonstrations in Libya and Iraq were met with violence, while those in Bahrain, Yemen, Jordan and Egypt were mostly peaceful.
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