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Death Tolls for Battles of the 16th, 17th, 18th & 19th Centuries (1500-1900)
Land Battles
Sea Battles
Alphabetical
Land Battles
  1. Marignan (13-14 Sept. 1515): 30 000
    1911 Encyclopedia Britannica: "Only 3000 Swiss escaped out of some 25,000 who fought. On the French side probably 8000 were killed or died of wounds."
  2. Konotop (Russo-Polish War: 1659): 30 000+
    Dupuy: 30,000 Russians k.
  3. Leipzig (Napoleonic Wars: 16-19 Oct. 1813): 22 500
    NapoleonSeries.Org​: "losses"
    • France: 38,000 k/w
    • Russia/Prussia/Austria: 52,000 k/w
    • [TOTAL: 90,000 k/w. Divided by 4 for KIA only.]
  4. Szalánkemen​, Hungary (19 Aug. 1691): 20 000+
    Dupuy: 20,000 Turks k.
  5. Sis (1606): 20 000+
    Dupuy: 20,000 Turks k. (vs. Persians)
  6. Borodino (Napoleonic Wars: 7 Sept. 1812): 18 500
    NapoleonSeries.Org​: "losses"
    • France: 30,000 k/w
    • Russia: 44,000 k/w
    • [TOTAL: 74,000 k/w. Divided by 4 for KIA only.]
  7. Waterloo (Napoleonic Wars: 18 June 1815): 15 750
    • Napoleon-Series.Org​: "losses"
      • French: 41,000
      • Britain/Holland/Germany/Prussia: 22,000
      • [TOTAL: 63,000 k/w/etc. Divided by ca. 4 for KIA only.]
    • Durschmied, The Hinge Factor (1999) "lay dead on the ground"
      • French: 25,000
      • Britain: 15,000
      • Prussia: 7,000
      • [TOTAL: 47,000. My suspicion is that these are actually casualties, not deaths.]
    • Clodfelter
      • British: 1,328 k
      • Blücher: 1,144 k
  8. Klushino (Russo-Polish War: Sept. 1610): 15 000+
    Dupuy: 15,000 Russians k.
  9. Senef (Franco-Dutch War: 11 Aug. 1674): 13 000
    Dupuy
    • Allies: 10,000 k
    • French: 10,000 "casualties" (K/Wd)
  10. Wagram (Napoleonic Wars: 5-6 July 1809): 12 800
    NapoleonSeries.Org​: "losses"
    • French: 27500 k/w
    • Austrian: 23750 k/w
    • [TOTAL: 51,250 k/w. Divided by ca. 4 for KIA only.]
  11. Dresden (Napoleonic Wars: 26-27 Aug. 1814): 12 000
    NapoleonSeries.Org​: "losses"
    • France: 10,000 k/w
    • Russia/Prussia/Austria: 38,000 k/w
    • [TOTAL: 48,000 k/w. Divided by 4 for KIA only.]
  12. Aspern-Essling (Napoleonic Wars: 21-22 May 1809): 11 286
    NapoleonSeries.Org
    • French: 7,000 k
    • Austrian: 4,286 k
  13. Berezina (Napoleonic Wars: 26-28 Nov. 1812): 11 250
    NapoleonSeries.Org​: "losses"
    • France: 25,000 combatants k/w
    • Russia: 20,000 k/w
    • [TOTAL: 45,000 k/w. Divided by 4 for KIA only.]
  14. Poltava (Great Northern War: 28 June [new style: 8 July] 1709): 10 645
    Wikipedia
    • Sweden: 9,300 dead
    • Russia: 1,345
  15. Sobraon (1st Sikh War: 10 Feb. 1846): 10 000
    Farwell, Queen Victoria's Little Wars: as many as 10,000 Sikhs k.
  16. Flodden Field (9 September 1513): 10 000
    Wikipedia: 10,000 Scots killed
  17. Bautzen and Wurschen (Napoleonic Wars: 20-21 May 1813): 10 000
    NapoleonSeries.Org​: "losses"
    • France: 20,000 k/w
    • Russia/Prussia: 20,000 k/w
    • [TOTAL: 40,000 k/w. Divided by ca. 4 for KIA only.]
  18. Omdurman (Mahdist War: 2 Sept. 1898): 10 000
    • Perrett, The Battle Book
      • British: 43 k.
      • Mahdist: 9,700 k
    • Dupuy
      • British: 500 casu.
      • Mahdist: 10,000 k
    • Trager, People's Chronology​: 11,000 Dervishes k
  19. Lützen (Napoleonic Wars: 2 May 1813): 9 500
    NapoleonSeries.Org​: "losses"
    • French: 20,000
    • Russia/Prussia: 18,000
    • [TOTAL: 38,000 k/w/etc. Divided by ca. 4 for KIA only.]
  20. Ligny (Napoleonic Wars: 16 June 1815): 9 125
    NapoleonSeries.Org​: "losses"
    • French: 11500
    • Prussian: 25000
    • [TOTAL: 36,500 k/w/etc. Divided by ca. 4 for KIA only.]
  21. Kircholm (1604): 9 000+
    Dupuy: 9,000 Swedes k.
  22. Austerlitz (Napoleonic Wars: 2 Dec. 1805): 8 644
    NapoleonSeries.Org
    • French, citing...
      • Esposito & Elting: 2,000
      • Chandler: 1,300
      • Bowden: 1,288
    • Austria/Russia: 7,000 k
    • [TOTAL: 8,288-9,000]
  23. Gettysburg​, Pennsylvania (American Civil War: 1-3 July 1863): 7 058
    Livermore
    • US: 3155
    • CS: 3903
    • [TOTAL: 7,058]
  24. Antietam​, Pennsylvania (American Civil War: 1-3 July 1863): 6 300
    • Livermore: 2,108 US + 2,700 CS [= 4,808]
    • NPS
      • KIA: 2100 USA + 1550 CSA = 3,650 killed in action on both sides.
      • Perhaps 4,000 died of wounds later [1,910 USA + 1550 CSA], or were dead but counted as missing [225 USA + 306 CSA], giving perhaps 7,650 who died as a result of the battle.
    • McClellan's after action report
      • USA: 2,010 KIA
      • CSA: ca. 3,000 bodies buried by Union after battle + ca. 500 bodies buried by CSA before retreat.
      • [TOTAL: 5,510]
    • Houston Chronicle​, 10 Sept. 2002 review of James McPherson's Crossroads of Freedom: Antietam.
      • USA: 2,300
      • CSA: 2,000
      • Later died of wounds: 2,000
      • TOTAL: 6,300-6,500 k. or mort.w.
  25. Sedan (Franco-Prussian War: 1 Sept. 1870): 6 300
    Perrett, The Battle Book
    • German: 2,320 k.
    • French: 17,000 K+Wd [1/4 killed?]
  26. Seven Days (American Civil War: 25 June-1 July 1862): 5 212
    Livermore
    • US: 1,734
    • CS: 3,478
    • [TOTAL: 5,212]
  27. Blenheim (13 August 1704): 4 500+
    1911 Ency. Britannica
    Allies: 4,500 k. incl. 670 British
  28. Eckmühl (Napoleonic Wars: 20-22 March 1809): 4 500
    NapoleonSeries.Org​: "losses"
    • French: 6,000
    • Austrian: 12,000
    • [TOTAL: 18,000 k/w/etc. Divided by ca. 4 for KIA only.]
  29. Inkerman (Crimean War: 5 Nov. 1854): 4 400+
    Perrett, The Battle Book: 4,400 Russians k.
  30. Isandlwana (Zulu War: 22 Jan. 1879): 4 329
    • Perrett, The Battle Book
      • British: 1,329
      • Zulu: 2,000-3,000
    • Hanson, Carnage and Culture
      Zulu: 2,000 killed outright + 2,000 mortally wounded or disabled
    • Farwell, Queen Victoria's Little Wars: 55 out of 950 Europeans and ca. 300 out of 850 Natal Kaffirs escaped. [895 British + 550 Native aux. = ca. 1,445 k.]
    • Wikipedia
      • British: 52 officers + 1,277 men k [= 1,329]
      • Zulu: 3,000
  31. Spottsylvania C.H., Virginia (American Civil War: 8-12 May 1864): 4 192
    Bonekemper
    • US: 2,725
    • CS: 1,467
    • [TOTAL: 4,192]
  32. Leuthen (Seven Years War: 5 December 1757): 4 175
    Wikipedia
    • Prussian: 1,175 k
    • Austrian: 3,000 d
  33. Neerwinden (or Landen) (18 March 1793) 4 000
    1911 Ency. Britannica: 12,000 Allies + 8,000 French killed, wounded and prisoners
  34. Chickamauga​, Georgia (American Civil War: 19-20 Sept. 1863): 3 969
    Livermore
    • US: 1657
    • CS: 2312
    • [TOTAL: 3,969]
  35. Wilderness​, Virginia (American Civil War: 5-7 May 1864): 3 741
    Bonekemper
    • US: 2,246
    • CS: 1,495
    • [TOTAL: 3,741]
  36. Shiloh (American Civil War: 6-7 April 1862): 3 477
    Livermore
    • US: 1,754
    • CS: 1,723
    • [TOTAL: 3,477]
  37. Chancellorsville​, Virginia (American Civil War: 1-4 May 1863): 3 240
    Livermore
    • US: 1575
    • CS: 1665
    • [TOTAL: 3,240]
  38. 2nd Manassas​, Virginia (American Civil War: 27 Aug-2 Sept 1862): 3 205
    Livermore (and B. of Chantilly)
    • US: 1,724
    • CS: 1,481
    • [TOTAL: 3,205]
  39. Molino del Rey (Mexican War: 8 Sept. 1847): 3 201
    • DMWV
      • US: 201
      • Mexico: 3,000
    • Encarta​: "The U.S. losses at Molino del Rey, Casa Mata, and Chapultepec included 130 killed ... it is estimated that nearly 3000 [Mexicans] died in the Mexico City battles."
  40. Sinsheim (16 June 1674): 3 200
    Dupuy
    • French: 1,200 k
    • Imperialists: 2,000 k
  41. Murfreesboro​, Tennessee (American Civil War: 31 Dec. 1862-1 Jan. 1863): 2 971
    Livermore (also 1911 Ency. Britannica)
    • CS: 1294
    • US: 1677
    • [TOTAL: 2,971]
  42. Lâon (Napoleonic Wars: 9-10 March 1814): 2 500
    NapoleonSeries.Org​: "losses"
    • France: 6,000 k/w
    • Allies: 4,000 k/w
    • [TOTAL: 10,000 k/w. Divided by 4 for KIA only.]
  43. Tamai (13 March 1884): 2 200+
    Perrett, The Battle Book: 2,200 Mahdist k.
  44. Tell el-Kebir (Arabi Rebellion: 13 Sept. 1882): 2 058
    Dupuy
    • British: 58 k
    • Egyptians: 2,000 k
  45. Quatre Bras (Napoleonic Wars: 16 June 1815): 2 200
    NapoleonSeries.Org​: "losses"
    • French: 4,000
    • Britain/Holland/Germany: 4,800
    • [TOTAL: 8,800 k/w/etc. Divided by ca. 4 for KIA only.]
  46. Franklin​, Tennessee (American Civil War: 30 Nov. 1864): 1 939
    Livermore
    • US: 189
    • CS: 1,750
    • [TOTAL: 1,939]
  47. Cold Harbor, Virginia (American Civil War: 31 May-12 June 1864): 1 927
    Bonekemper
    • US: 1,844
    • CS: 83
    • [TOTAL: 1,927]
  48. Fredericksburg​, Virginia (American Civil War: 13 Dec. 1862): 1 879
    Livermore
    • US: 1284
    • CS: 595
    • [TOTAL: 1,879]
  49. Arcis-Sur-Aube (Napoleonic Wars: 20-21 March 1814): 1 750
    NapoleonSeries.Org​: "losses"
    • French: 3,000 k/w
    • Allies: 4,000 k/w
    • [TOTAL: 7,000 k/w. Divided by 4 for KIA only.]
  50. Talavera (Napoleonic Wars: 27-28 July 1809): 1 552+
    Perrett, The Battle Book
    • British: 801
    • French: 751
    • Spanish: few
  51. Ulundi (Zulu War: 4 July 1879): 1 500+
    Dupuy
    • British: 100 "casu"
    • Zulu: 1,500 k.
  52. Viasma (Napoleonic Wars: 3 Nov. 1812): 1 500+
    NapoleonSeries.Org
    France: 6,000 k/w
  53. Perryville​, Kentucky (American Civil War: 8 Oct. 1862): 1 355
    Livermore
    • US: 845
    • CS: 510
    • [TOTAL: 1,355]
  54. Wavre (Napoleonic Wars: 18 June 1815): 1 250
    NapoleonSeries.Org​: "losses"
    • France: 2,500 k/w
    • Prussia: 2,500 k/w
    • [TOTAL: 5,000 k/w. Divided by ca. 4 for KIA only.]
  55. Chattanooga​, Tennessee (American Civil War: 23-25 Nov. 1863): 1 114
    Livermore
    • US: 753
    • CS: 361
    • [TOTAL: 1,114]
  56. La Placilla (Chilean civil war: 28 August 1891): 941+
    1911 Ency. Britannica: Government lost 941 killed
  57. 1st Bull Run (American Civil War: 21 July 1861): 868
    Livermore
    • US: 481
    • CS: 387
    • [TOTAL: 868]
  58. Corinth, Mississippi (American Civil War: 3-4 Oct. 1863): 828
    Livermore
    • US: 355
    • CS: 473
    • [TOTAL: 828]
  59. Monterrey (Mexican War: 19-25 Sept. 1846): 820
    DMWV
    • US: 120
    • Mexico: 700
  60. Horseshoe Bend (27 March 1814): 800+
    Encyclopedia of North American Indians: 800 Red Stick warriors were k
  61. Champion Hill, Mississippi (American Civil War: 16 May 1863): 791
    Livermore
    • US: 410
    • CS: 381
    • [TOTAL: 791]
  62. Drewry's Bluff, Virginia (American Civil War: 12-16 May 1864): 745
    Livermore
    • US: 390
    • CS: 355
    • [TOTAL: 745]
  63. Ft. Stedman​, Virginia (American Civil War: 25 March 1864): 672
    Bonekemper
    • US: 72
    • CS: 600
  64. Monongahela (French and Indian War: 9 July 1755): 495
    Wikipedia
    • British: 456 k
    • French and Canadians: 28 k
    • Indians: 11 k
  65. Wilson's Creek, Missouri (American Civil War: 10 August 1861): 480
    Livermore
    • US: 223
    • CS: 257
    • [TOTAL: 480]
  66. Camden (American Revolution: 16 Aug. 1780): 400 +
  67. Alamo, Texas (23 February 1836): 383
    Wikipedia
    • Mexicans 200 killed
    • Texian and Tejano: 183
  68. Bunker Hill, Massachusetts (American Revolution: 17 June 1775): 366
  69. Prairie Grove, Ark. (American Civil War: 7 Dec. 1862): 339
    Livermore
    • US: 175
    • CS: 164
    • [TOTAL: 339]
  70. Cedar Mountain​, Virginia (American Civil War: 9 Aug. 1862): 314+
    Livermore
    US: 314
  71. Long Island (American Revolution: 27 Aug. 1776): 300+
    Theamericanrevolution.Org​: 300 Americans k
  72. Little Bighorn (25-26 June 1876): 296
  73. Richmond​, Kentucky (American Civil War: 29-30 Aug. 1862): 284
    Livermore
    • US: 206
    • CS: 78
    • [TOTAL: 284]
  74. Rorke's Drift (Zulu War: 22-23 Jan. 1879): 267
    Dupuy
    • British: 17 k
    • Zulu: 250 d
  75. Germantown (American Revolution: 4 Oct. 1777): 152+
    Theamericanrevolution.Org​: 152 Americans k
  76. Monmouth (American Revolution: 28 June 1778): 152+
    Theamericanrevolution.Org​: 152 Americans k
Sea Battles
  1. Lepanto (7 Oct. 1571): 38 000
    • VD Hanson: Carnage and Culture (2001)
      • Ottomans: 30,000
      • Christians: 8,000-10,000
      • TOTAL: 40,000
    • Dupuy
      • Turkish: 15,000-20,000 Turkish sailors & soldiers k. or drowned. >10,000 Christian rower slaves drowned.
      • Christians: 7,566 d.
      • [TOTAL: 32,566-37,566]
  2. Trafalgar (Napoleonic War: 21 Oct. 1805): 14 000 +
    • VD Hanson: Carnage and Culture (2001): 14,000 Spanish + French k.
    • Keegan, The Price of Admiralty
      • UK: 449 k.
      • Fr. + Spanish: 4,408
      • [TOTAL: 4,857]
  3. Four Days' Battle (Second Anglo-Dutch War 11-14 June 1666): 7 250
    Ships of the World: An Historical Encyclopedia
    English: 5,000 crew k, double those of the Dutch
  4. Lowestoft (Second Anglo-Dutch War: 13 June 1665): 4 250
    Ships of the World: An Historical Encyclopedia
    • English: 250 d
    • Dutch: 4,000 d
Earlier Battles
  1. Towton (28 March 1461): 33 000
    1911 Ency. Britannica: "25000 Lancastrian and 8000 Yorkist dead were buried in and about Towton."
  2. Bannockburn (24th June 1314): 11 000+
    1911 Ency. Britannica: "One earl, forty-two barons and bannerets, two hundred knights, seven hundred esquires and probably 10,000 foot were killed in the battle and the pursuit. [TOTAL English k.: 10,943]
Sources
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Last updated February 2010
Copyright © 2005-10 Matthew White