AUGOCTNOV
14
201620172018
125 captures
21 Jun 2017 - 23 Apr 2021
About this capture
Cookies on the BBC website
The BBC has updated its cookie policy. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. This includes cookies from third party social media websites if you visit a page which contains embedded content from social media. Such third party cookies may track your use of the BBC website. If you continue without changing your settings, we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on the BBC website. However, you can change your cookie settings at any time.
Change settings
Find out more
Notifications
Search
Search the BBC

Profile: Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman
21 June 2017
Middle East
REUTERS
Few people outside Saudi Arabia had heard of Prince Mohammed bin Salman before his father became king in 2015. But since then, the 31-year-old has become the most influential figure in the world's leading oil exporter.
He has now been elevated to the position of crown prince, replacing his cousin Mohammed bin Nayef - a move that had been widely expected and could shape the direction of the country for decades.
Mohammed bin Salman was born on 31 August 1985, the eldest son of then-Prince Salman bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud's third wife, Fahdah bint Falah bin Sultan.
After gaining a bachelor's degree in law at King Saud University in the capital Riyadh, he worked for several state bodies. In 2009, he was appointed special adviser to his father, who was serving as governor of Riyadh at the time.
Mohammed bin Salman's rise to power began in 2013, when he was named head of the Crown Prince's Court, with the rank of minister. The previous year, Salman had been appointed crown prince after the death of Nayef bin Abdul Aziz - the father of Mohammed bin Nayef.
In January 2015, King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz died and Salman acceded to the throne at the age of 79.
He immediately made two decisions that surprised observers, naming his son minister of defence and Mohammed bin Nayef deputy crown prince. The latter became the first of the grandsons of Ibn Saud, the founder of the kingdom, to move on to the line of succession.
One of Mohammed bin Salman's first acts as defence minister was to launch a military campaign in Yemen in March 2015 along with other Arab states after President Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi was forced into exile by the Houthi rebel movement.
The campaign has made limited progress over the past two years, seen Saudi Arabia and its allies being accused of human rights violations, and triggered a humanitarian crisis in the Arab world's poorest country.
In April 2015, King Salman made more startling changes to the line of succession, appointing Mohammed bin Nayef as crown prince and his son deputy crown prince, second deputy prime minister and president of the Council of Economic and Development Affairs.
Since then, Prince Mohammed bin Salman has unveiled his wide-ranging plan to bring social and economic change in the oil-dependent kingdom, Vision 2030.
He has also overseen the reduction of the country's lavish subsidies and proposed the partial privatisation of the state oil company, Saudi Aramco.
Mohammed bin Salman has also represented King Salman abroad, travelling to Beijing, Moscow and Washington, where he met President Donald Trump in March.
Related Topics
Salman bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud
Saudi Arabia
Share this story About sharing
More on this story
Saudi king's son Mohammed bin Salman is new crown prince
21 June 2017
Is Saudi Arabia on the cusp of change?
13 February 2017
A Bali holiday fit for a Saudi king
9 March 2017
Saudi king marks year of change
22 January 2016
Saudi Arabia country profile
21 June 2017
Top Stories
Global powers minus US stand by Iran deal
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani says Mr Trump has left the US "more isolated than ever".
14 October 2017
Weinstein brother denies company's sale
13 October 2017
Acid carriers could face jail term
14 October 2017
Features
In pictures: British Press Photographer Awards
Baby loss: 'People sharing stories is the biggest comfort'
Where can you spend your old pound coins?
Should a white man tell a black trans woman's story?
Where can I afford to live?
Why the California wildfires are so deadly
Meet some of the UK's oldest university students
The poetry girls of San Pedro Sula
How to decode North Korea's rhetoric
BBC News Services
On your mobile
On your connected tv
Get news alerts
Contact BBC News
Explore the BBC
Sport
Weather
TV
Radio
CBBC
CBeebies
Food
iWonder
Bitesize
Music
Arts
Make It Digital
Taster
Local
Contact the BBC
Get Personalised Newsletters
Copyright © 2017 BBC. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read about our approach to external linking.
HomeHomeNewsNewsSportWeatherShopEarthTravelCapitaliPlayerCultureAutosFutureTVRadioCBBCCBeebiesFoodiWonderBitesizeTravelMusicEarthArtsMake It DigitalTasterNatureLocalTomorrow's WorldMenu